Last modified: 2009-03-28 by bruce berry
Keywords: angola | unita | black rooster | angolan political parties |
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The União Nacional para a Independência Total de
Angola (National Union for the Total Independence of Angola), has fought a bloody civil war against the recognized government of MPLA
since 1975. UNITA
is older than that, of course, and its flag was already flown before independence.
With peace slowly returning to Angola, it may be also the source of co-inspiration
for a still unheard of but anyway predictable, new flag.
António Martins, 30 June 1997
The colours of the UNITA flag are: green Pantone 340 (CMYK 100-0-69-15,
RGB 0-136-94, browser safe RGB 0-153-102)
Stuart Notholt,10 Jan 1996
The party with the second highest number of seats in the Angolan Parliament is UNITA (União Nacional para a Independência Total de Angola, that is, National Union for the Total Independence of Angola), with 77 MPs. The flag is well-known: a horizontal triband of red, green and red with a rising sun and a black cock in the central band. A website can be found at this address. (link is dead, Ed.).
Jonas Savimbi, the leader of UNITA, was recently killed during a skirmish with Angolan
government troops. The reporter of "France-Inter" said that Savimbi's nickname
was "the Black Rooster". The flag of UNITA includes a black rooster. This
is probably not a coincidence, but I am wondering if Savimbi was nicknamed
after the flag or if the flag was made "canting" by adding the leader's
Ivan Sache, 23 Feb 2002
That's a reporter's goof. Savimbi was never known as the black rooster,
it was the *movement* he led that had that nickname. The origin is, naturally,
its symbol, pre-eminently featured in the flag. Savimbi did have a nickname,
though. Or a couple of them. His supporters called him "pai-velho",
i.e., "old-father"; his opponents called him "bandit".
Jorge Candeias, 25 Feb 2002
On May 18, 2002, the Público newspaper issued its weekly literary supplement Mil Folhas (meaning "Thousand Leaves", just for the sake of completeness), which carried a critique to a book that analysed "the dark side of UNITA". Consequently, they decided to fill the front page of that supplement with the photo that shows a group of men flying a flag of UNITA that has no rooster. It is only charged with the sun, in a central position.
I have no idea of what could have brought this flag to life. The date
is close to the death of UNITA's former leader and founder, Jonas Savimbi, known locally
as the "Galo Negro" ("Black Rooster"), and that can be the explanation
of part of it, but I really don't know - I'm just speculating.
Jorge Candeias, 20 Apr 2005