Last modified: 2011-06-10 by editor unassigned
Keywords: niedersachsen | hanover |
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Provinz (province) Hannover: yellow over white
Landschaften (districts): (all flags horizontal 2- of 3-striped)
- Bremen-Verden: red - green - black
- Calenberg-Grubenhagen: red - blue
- Hildesheim: yellow - red
- Hoya-Diepholz: yellow - black
- Lüneburg: red - yellow - blue
- Osnabrück: white - red
- Ostfriesland: blue - white - red
Alfeld: red - yellow
Altenau: green - yellow
(St.) Andreasberg: red - white
Aurich: red - yellow
(Bad) Bentheim: red - yellow
Bockenem: yellow - red - white
Bodenwerder: blue - red
Bremervörde: red - green
Burgdorf: white - green - yellow
Buxtehude: blue - yellow - black
Celle: blue - white
Clausthal: blue - yellow - green
Dannenberg: green - yellow
Dassel: blue - white
Dransfeld: black - yellow
Duderstadt: red - yellow
Einbeck: red - yellow
Elbingerode: white - red
Eldagsen: yellow - red - white
Elze: blue - white
Emden: black - yellow
Esens: blue - white - black
Freren: yellow - green
Fürstenau: white - red
Geestemünde: blue - yellow [now part of Bremerhaven, Bremen]
Gifhorn: blue - red
Göttingen: black - yellow
Goslar: yellow - black
Gronau: red - yellow
Grund: black - yellow - green
Hameln: red - white - blue
Hannover: red - yellow - green
Harburg: white - red [now part of Hamburg]
Hardegsen: blue - white
Haselüne: red - white
Hedemünden: white - red
Hildesheim: yellow - red
Hitzacker: green - white - red
Lautenthal: yellow - white - yellow
Leer: red - white
Linden: blue - white
Lingen: red - yellow
Lüchow: red - blue
Lüneburg: red - blue - white
Melle: white - red
Meppen: white - blue
Moringen: blue - yellow
Münden: red - yellow
Münder: green - yellow
Neuenhaus: red - white
Neustadt: white - blue
Nienburg: blue - yellow - red
Norden: blue - yellow
Nordhorn: red - yellow
Northeim: yellow - red
Osnabrück: white - black
Otterndorf: blue - yellow
Papenburg: blue - red - yellow
Pattensen: white - green
Peine: red - green
Quackenbrück: white - red
Rehburg: white - red - black
Rethem: yellow - blue
Sarstedt: yellow - red - green
Schnackenburg: white - red
Schüttorf: blue - red - yellow
Soltau: yellow - blue
Springe: white - blue - red
Stade: blue - white
Uelzen: blue - white - green
Uslar: yellow - blue
Verden - white - black
Walsrode: blue - red
Wildemann: red - white - green
Winsen: blue - yellow - red
Wittingen: yellow - blue
Wunschtorf: red - white - yellow
Wustrow: blue - white
Zellerfeld: red - yellow - white
I haven't seen (yet) the book by Ahrens, but the Landschaftsfarben are
also mentioned (as cited from Ahrens) in [stl97],
the Deutsche Wappenrolle by Ströhl.
The colours mentioned are a bit doubtful, to say the least. In particular Ostfriesland (East Friesland) seems invented, as the traditional flag is black-red-blue.
The other Landschaften are not so well known, so it is more difficult to say. However, these colours are IMHO probably just derived from the coats-of-arms, and most probably by Ahrens himself. It is possible, but not particularly probable, that they had been used in the form of colours.
I would, however, think, that striped flags in these colours were not used.
Marcus E.V. Schmöger, 24 Feb 2008
The names of the municipalities contain a number of spelling mistakes,
and some have become renamed or incorporated into other municipalities.
This is a list of corrections/updates:
- Flottwedel: now part of Wietzendorf
- Kirchlingen: doesn't exist, maybe Kirchlinteln is meant?
- Holtriehm: possibly Holtriem, a Samtgemeinde (an association of several small municipalities) in the county Wittmund.
- Bodenteich: was recently declared a spa and is now named Bad Bodenteich
Stefan Schwoon, 11 Feb 2002
HOLTRIEHM is indeed wrong. It should be HOLTRIEM = region with wood
('Holt' is the Lower-German variant of 'Holz' = wood). 'Riem'
= Region'. The Holtriem homepage is here,
with the CoA described below. It's a commune just north of Aurich.
The flag is two horizontal stripes, yellow-green with in the centre the coats of arms: "Quarterly: I en IV: Vert, four golden discs ranged bendwise or, each charged with two concentric rings sable; II: Or, a Dutch windmill gules; III: Or, three fesses wavy azure". The 4=4=8 antique discs symbolize the eight members of the Samtgemeinde Holtriem. They also remember the two in 1872 in Terheide (then comm.of Westerholt) discovered goldscales from the Bronze-age. The scales had circles (as now in these arms).
The windmill points to the many windmills ever been here. These mostly had been build in red bricks. The fesses wavy point to the 'Ewiges Meer' ('Eternal Lake), the biggest known lake in the German peat-moor.
Arms authorized by the Regierungspräsident in Aurich 18 Apr 1975.
Colours: Gold and green symbolise also the mixture of moor- and sandsoil and meadows. Green also refer to the rich forests, that have ever been here.
Source: Letter to me d.d. 23 Sep 2002.
Hans van Heijningen, 30 Apr 2003