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Dictionary of Vexillology: C (Class Flag - Cognisance)
Last modified: 2010-01-02 by phil nelson
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- CLASS FLAG
- In British RAF usage, the alternative name for a rank flag see
rank flag 1)
From the left: RAF - Air Chief Marshal, Air Marshal. Air Vice-Marshall, Air Commodore (fotw)
- See armed 2.
- A metal fitting with two arms, which is attached to the lower part of a flagpole
or mast for securing the halyard (see also
flag pole and
- A term for the lower fly corner or both lower corners of a flag particularly
(but not exclusively) a religious/processional banner or similar to which a line
or lines are attached so as to prevent unwanted movement - particularly in windy
conditions (see also banner 3) and
- CLOSE UP (or CLOSED UP)
- (adj) A naval term for when a flag or pennant is hoisted right up to the truck
(see also truck).
- CLOVEN BULLNOSE
- See double tailed descate.
- CLOVEN DESCATE
- See descate.
- See trefoil.
- CLOVERSTEM(S) (or CLOVER STEM)
- The term and a direct translation of kleestengeln or kleestengel for a charge largely
(but not exclusively) used on heraldic birds (especially eagles in European heraldry) which
may be described as a crescent-like shape (usually but not invariably) ornamented with
trefoil/clover leaf elements either at one or both ends and/or in the middle, and sometimes
visible only on the wings kleestengeln or kleestengel (see also
crescent 2) and
State Flag Prussia 1892 1918 (fotw);
Arms of Brandenburg, Germany (fotw); Flag of Bast, Czech Republic (fotw);
Flag of Broteslavy, Czech Republic (fotw); Greater Arms of the Czech Republic (fotw)
- CLUB PENNANT
- A small triangular flag designed to be hung vertically usually charged with
the emblem and livery colours of a sporting club (see also
pennant 2 and
- The Initials for Cyan, Yellow, Magenta and Black, being the four primary shades
used in the print process to create any colour, and an abbreviation for the four-colour
printing system (see also cable number,
British colour code,
Pantone Matching System and
International Colour Code).
- COACHWHIP PENNANT
- See masthead pennant 2) and
whip pennant 2)).
- A heraldic term that refers to each individual section or quartering on a
shield or banner of arms (see also
- COAT OF ARMS (or COA)
- 1) On flags and generically, the heraldic insignia of an individual or family,
or of a corporate institution such as a nation, province or municipality, or of
a commercial enterprise. In general terms the coat of arms can contain all the
elements that make up a full set of armorial bearings - but see 2) below (also
middle arms and
state arms 1)
- 2) In heraldry, as above but the term only refers to the shield from a full
set of armorial bearings an escutcheon (see also
armorial bearings and
Please note that a full set of armorial bearings
can include (for example) shield, supporters, helmet, torse, crest, mantling,
compartment, motto, collar etc., and whilst many of the terms used are illustrated
in Appendix IV and/or briefly defined herein, it is
suggested that a suitable glossary or heraldic dictionary be consulted for full details.
Please note also that the emblems of some countries
such as those of Mexico or Italy whilst conforming to the definition of that
term as detailed herein are officially described as coats of arms (see also
- 1) A rosette or bow, generally in national or livery colours, and sometimes
used to decorate a staff below the finial (see also cravat 1),
- 2) A rosette or bow formerly worn by both military personnel and civilians
(largely on the hat or shako) to indicate patriotic or political loyalties and
still sometimes seen the cockade was the precursor of many national flags (those
of Argentina and France being two examples).
- 3) See roundel 1).
The National cockades of Columbia and Peru (fotw)
- 1) In flags a medieval term, now obsolete, for a lance pennon - see
lance pennon 1).
- 2) In heraldry as above but the term can include everything by which an
armigerous person is known (see also
- The ceremonial neck-chain of an Order of Knighthood, worn instead of a sash
and emblem on state occasions by members of the highest class of that Order, and
often seen surrounding a royal or princely coat of arms once frequent on royal
standards, a modern example would be the collar of the order of the golden fleece
around the arms on the royal standard of Spain.
The Royal Arms, Spain (fotw)
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