Last modified: 2010-01-02 by phil nelson
Keywords: vexillological terms |
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From an Ensign Staff; At the Peak; From the Leech
- Civil Ensign
- A flag flown by civilian owned vessels and craft to denote nationality, sometimes the relevant national flag, or a variant thereof, or occasionally a completely different design a merchant ensign or merchant flag (see also civil flag, civil jack under jack and red ensign 1).
From left: Civil Ensign of Mexico 1897 - 1968 (fotw); Civil Ensign of Singapore (fotw); Civil Ensign of Colombia (fotw)
- Customs ensign
- See ensign 3) and customs flag (also government ensign below).
Custom Ensign of the US (fotw)
- Government (or State) Ensign
- A flag flown to denote nationality by those government vessels that are not warships, and sometimes defaced by badges to denote various departments but see archivexillum (also blue ensign and government jack under jack).
From left: Government Ensign of Germany 18931918 (fotw); Government Ensign of Singapore (fotw); Royal Maritime Auxiliary, UK (Graham Bartram)
Please note however, that the defaced Blue Ensigns of British Dependent Territories act as both an official flag on land, and as a Government Ensign when flown by a Government owned vessel at sea.
- Naval Ensign
- A flag flown by the naval vessels of a particular country to denote nationality - sometimes the relevant state or national flag, or a variant thereof, or occasionally a completely different design (see also masthead pennant 1), naval jack under jack, suit of flags and white ensign).
From left: Naval Ensign of The RSA (fotw); Naval Ensign of Bulgaria (fotw); Naval Ensign of Italy (fotw)
- Reserve Ensign
- A flag, different from the normal civil ensign, which is flown to denote nationality by merchant vessels commanded by an officer of that countrys naval reserve, and usually requiring a special Warrant (see also blue ensign 1) and civil ensign above).
From left: Reserve Ensign of India (fotw); Reserve Ensign of The Netherlands (fotw); Reserve Ensign of Germany 1935 1945 (fotw)
- War Ensign
- See naval ensign above (and also war flag).
- Yacht (Yacht Club or Leisure) Ensign
- A flag, different from the normal civil ensign, which is flown by leisure craft to denote nationality, usually requiring a special Warrant and often defaced by an appropriate club emblem a yacht club or leisure ensign (see also blue ensign 1) with its following note, and civil ensign above).
From left: Yacht Ensign of Spain (fotw); Yacht Ensign of Japan (fotw); Yacht Ensign of Finland (fotw)
State Flag and Arms of Spain 1945 - 1977 (fotw)
Flag, Ceremonial Flag and Arms of Braga, Portugal (fotw and official website)
Please note that the provenance of this term is uncertain and its use of the description banner (as defined herein) inaccurate. However, a possible derivation from insignia-banner (as opposed to armorial banner) cannot be ignored.
In addition to the above, please note also that a full set of armorial bearings (most notably in Continental civic heraldry) need not contain all the traditional elements (such as supporters and motto), and to avoid any potential confusion the new term armorial flag (both generically and specifically) is recommended for use in description.
From left: Ensign of Honour 1819-1917l; Current Ensign of Honour, Frontier Guard Ensign of Honour, Russian Federation (CS & fotw)
The Lesser Arms of Sweden (fotw); State Flag and Lesser Arms of Serbia (fotw); Historical Flag and 1659 Arms of Rijeka, Croatia (FAME)
Please note that the correct heraldic term for a charge that is placed in front of rather than at the top of another is surmounted by.
Arms of Vrbje, Croatia (fame); Flag of Buchs, Switzerland (fotw); Arms and Flag of Vest-Agder, Norway (official and fotw)
Flag of Lennik, Belgium (fotw); Flag of Novι Sady, Czech Republic (fotw)
Flag and Arms of Sibenik-Knin, Croatia (fotw); Flag of Birgu, Malta (fotw)
Flag and Arms of Vitanje, Slovenia (fotw); Flag of Emmetten, Switzerland (fotw) Flag and Arms of Libis, Czech Republic (fotw)
Escutcheons of Saar and Neustrelitz, Germany (fotw and Jorg Majewski)
Please note however, that in heraldry this term may not be entirely synonymous with inescutcheon, and it is suggested that a suitable glossary or dictionary of heraldry be consulted for further details.
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