- GRADIENT FILL
- The printing/computer graphics term that may be used when a charge, or a flags field,
is composed of two or more different colours that gradually merge into each other fountain fill.
Badge and Flag of Dominica 1955 1965 (fotw): Flag of the Christlich-Soziale Union, Bavaria, Germany
(fotw); Flag of Lista di Pietro - Italia dei Valori (fotw); Flag of L'Ulivo, Italy (fotw)
Please note that a gradient fill is not found in heraldry and is very
rarely employed in classic flag design, but may be seen on some modern (particularly commercial
and especially printed) flags.
- GRADIATED STRIPES
- See optical proportions.
- GRAND (or GREAT) QUARTER
- The heraldic term used to describe that section of a shield or banner of arms that is further subdivided
by being impaled or quartered, and generally employed when one or more sets of quartered, quarterly or impaled
arms are displayed with another either so divided or otherwise (see also impaled,
Royal Standard 1603 1649 1660 1707, UK (fotw); Standard of HM Queen Mary of Teck, UK (Klaus-Michael
Schneider); National Arms, Spain 1938 1945 (fotw)
- GRAND UNION
- See continental colors.
- GRAVE DECORATION FLAG
- see 'memorial flag'
- GREAT BANNER
- The term, now obsolete, for a banner showing all the quarterings of a deceased
persons coat of arms for use at that persons funeral (see also
achievement of arms 2),
coat of arms 2),
and livery banner).
Please note that according to English heraldry the sizes of a
great banner were originally as follows: that of an Emperor; six feet square, a King; five
feet square. a Prince or Duke; four feet square, a Marquis, Earl, Viscount, Baron, and
Knight-baronet; three feet square.
- GREAT STANDARD
- A term, now obsolete, for the Scottish heraldic standard as flown from a fixed
staff, and there are indications that it was the largest of three sizes (see also
standard 5), and
- GREAT UNION
- 1) In UK usage, the pattern of Union Flag displayed by military colours and
originally authorized on 30 August 1900 (see also
colours 2) and
union jack 1)).
- 2) In US usage, a term referring to the 1775 pattern of national flag and
occasionally used in place of grand union or continental colours see
The Great Union, UK (CS)
- GREATER ARMS
- See under arms.
- GREEK CROSS
- 1) The heraldic term for a cross of any colour whose arms are straight-sided and of equal length, and
which extends to the edges of a flag, panel or canton.
- 2) The heraldic term for a cross of any colour whose arms are straight-sided and of equal length, but
which does not extend to the edges of a flag, panel or canton a cross couped or cross humetty (see also
couped and cross-couped in appendix VIII).).
From left: Example, Naval Jack, Greece (fotw); National Flag of Switzerland (fotw)
- GRIDIRON FLAG
- In UK usage a term, now obsolete, for the red and white striped flag of the Honourable East India
Company, it was introduced as an ensign c1600 and worn as such outside home waters from c16761824,
then as a jack until 1864 (see also continental colours,
From left: HEIC Flags, England c16001707; UK 17071801; UK 1801-1864 (fotw)
Please note that thirteen is the usual number of stripes shown, but that nine or
eleven are occasionally seen in contemporary flag books.
- 1) A hole or eyelet, reinforced by stitching or an inserted metal ring, usually
found at both ends of the heading on the hoist of a flag, through which clips,
attached to the halyard pass (see also Appendix I,
- 2) In naval heraldry the rope decoration that often surrounds a ships badge
- sometimes (and incorrectly) referred to as a ships crest - see
ships crest (see also
- See field.
- GROUP COMMAND PENNANT
- See command pennant.
- GRUMPHION (or GRUMPHEON)
- A Scottish term, now obsolete, for a small funeral flag bearing a deaths
- See guardant in Appendix V.
- GUBERNATORIAL FLAG
- In particularly (but not exclusively) US usage, a flag which symbolizes the
office of governor.
Flag of the Governor of Michigan, US (fotw)
- GUEST ON BOARD FLAG (or GUEST FLAG)
- In US usage the practice, almost certainly obsolete, of flying a blue flag with
a white descending diagonal stripe from the starboard yardarm (or spreader) of a
pleasure vessel when a guest is on board but the owner is absent (see also
owner absent flag and
Guest on Board Flag, US (fotw)
- 1) In US and some other military usage, a small, generally swallow-tailed
flag used by army formations below battalion level - company, battery, troop,
platoon, detachment and at group level in the air force (but see also
fanion 2) and
- 2) In UK and some other military usage, the swallow-tailed flag (sometimes
double-tailed descate or descate) that is the cavalry equivalent of an infantry
regimental colour, and still displayed on fighting vehicles by their successors
(see also colour 2),
double-tailed descate and
- 3) A Scottish flag 2.40m long, tapering to a rounded (or lanceolate) fly, it
has a body in livery colours, with the owners crest or badge at the hoist and
his motto in the fly, and is used by lairds who have a following but are not peers
or feudal barons see pennon 3)
(also badge in heraldry,
- 4) Generically, any small swallow-tailed flag.
Guidon of the Blues and Royals, UK (Graham Bartram)
Please note, some sources suggest that the term
is derived from guide-homme (guide-man), but this remains unproven, and the similarity
with the medieval terms geton, giton or gytton cannot be ignored.
- GUL(S) (or GULLS)
- A term used to describe the individual segment or segments of a geometric carpet
design and usually employed to describe those on the national flag of Turkmenistan.
National Flag of Turkmenistan (fotw)
- The heraldic term for the colour red (see also Appendix III
and rule of tincture).
- GUN SALUTE
- 1) A form of saluting, ashore and afloat, in which 21 blank rounds are fired
by artillery or naval guns to honour a country or its flag.
- 2) A form of saluting in which an appropriate number of guns are fired to
honour a head of state, other dignitary, or a senior officer, or the flag representing
him (see also broad pennant,
distinguishing flag 1),
flag of command,
rank flag 1)).
Please note that in an exchange of such salutes,
naval officers receive the number of guns appropriate to their rank - that is
an Admiral of the Fleet/five star admiral/grand admiral - 19 guns; Admiral -
17 guns; Vice Admiral - 15 guns; Rear Admiral 13 guns, whilst a Commodore
receives 11 guns and a Captain only seven.
Please note also that in some countries a celebratory
salute of as many as 101 guns may be fired at the birth of a royal heir or other
occasion of national celebration (example--50 guns at noon on 4 July at US Army
posts), and that minute guns (that is one shot fired every minute) may be fired
in connection with the death or funeral of a person entitled to a gun salute.
- A medieval term, now obsolete, for a gonfanon (see gonfanon).
- GUTTΙ (or GUTTY)
- See gouttes.
- The heraldic term for when the field of a flag or shield is divided into
sectors (called gyrons or girons) radiating from or near the centre of the
flag or shield typically eight in heraldic practice, but an undetermined
number on flags Geronny or Gironnι. Formerly a characteristic of Swiss
military flags, the best known present-day example is probably the jack of the
Royal Netherlands Navy but see radiant
(and compare with radiating).
See supplemental note
From left: Fafe, Portugal (Sιrgio Horta); Naval Jack of the Netherlands (CS);
Swiss Regiment (De Meuron) in British service 18th C (fotw)
- See gyronny above.