- SHADES OF TINCTURE
- See Appendix III.
- 1) See shafted below.
- 2) A term that is sometimes used in place of lance or staff, particularly when a cavalry guidon
is being carried but see lance and
staff 2) (also guidon).
- A heraldic term used when the wooden section of an arrow, lance or spear is of a different
tincture to its head (and/or flights if appropriate) but see
Flag and Arms of Strelice, Czech Republic; Flag and Arms of Pracejovice, Czech Republic
- A term (meaning testimony or approval in Arabic) that refers to the Islamic
statement of faith which appears on several Arab flags, and is usually seen thereon
in its shortened form - La allah illa Allah (wa) Muhammed rasulu Allah or There
is no Deity but God (and) Muhammed is Gods messenger (see also
National Flag of Saudi Arabia (Graham Bartram); A Political Flag from
Please note that the full term reads Ashhadu Alla
Ilaha Illa Allah Wa Ashhadu Anna Muhammad Rasulu Allah or "I bear witness that
there is no Deity other than Allah and that Muhammad is his servant and Messenger".
Please note also, that the use of a sacred text on the Saudi flag has resulted
in many restrictions as to its use and appearance.
- See trefoil.
Ensign of the Royal North of Ireland Yacht Club (Clay Moss)
- SHARK ALERT (or ALARM) FLAG
- See beach flag.
Shark Alert Flags, Hong Kong (fotw) and Australia (CS)
Please note that the Australian shark alert warning is the
same as Flag Uniform in the International Code of Signals where the meaning is 'you are
running into danger'.
- SHEAVED BLOCK
- A nautical term for a pulley, the sheave being the revolving grooved wheel
within the block and on which the halyard runs (see also
Appendix I and
- See escallop.
- 1) In heraldry the shield (varying in detail and based on an item of defensive armour)
is the basic element of all armorial bearings, and forms the field upon which the main
heraldic charges are displayed. It is always blazoned first, and is often shown alone
an escutcheon (see also
coat of arms and
- 2) On flags as above, but the charge or charges displayed need not be heraldic
in origin, and (and sometimes shown with weapons) is often said to symbolize a willingness
to defend the country.
National Flag of Kenya (fotw)
Some Examples of Shield Shapes (CS)
- See ogival.
- SHIFT COLOURS (or COLORS)
- (v) In US, UK and some other naval usage, the procedure whereby a warships ensign is struck
from its staff at the stern and hoisted at the peak as a vessel gets underway see
peak 1) (also
naval ensign under ensign and
- SHIFTED TOWARDS
- See offset towards.
- SHIPPING (or SHIPPING COMPANY) HOUSE FLAG
- See house flag 1).
- SHIPS CREST
- In British Royal Navy usage and in some others, a traditional term for the badge of an
individual warship see
grommet 2) (also
emblem, military and governmental and
Badge of HMS Warspite, Launched 1913
- SHOULDER PATCH
- See flag patch.
- SIGNAL FLAG
- Any of a number of straight-sided flags as well as various triangular and
squared-ended tapered pennants, of a generally simple, recognized design which,
when flown singly or together are used to transmit messages in an established
code, especially at sea - see
'numeral flag' and
'numeral pennant' (also
'hoist 2)', flags 1),
'International Code of Signal Flags',
yeoman of signals.)
- SIGNAL GROUP
- See hoist 2).
- SIGNAL HOIST
- See hoist 2).
- The bearer of a 'signum' (see signum below).
- SIGNUM (or SIGNA)
- 1) Generically and in the plural (signa) all the vexilla, flags and vexilloids used by the ancient Roman army
(see also draco, eagle 2),
flammula, vexilloid 2) and
- 2) Specifically and in the singular (signum) the vexilloid of a maniple, or subdivision of a Roman legion
(see also vexilloid 2)).
- 3) The similar vexilloids of auxiliary units.
Please note that a maniple was one- third of a cohort (which was itself one-tenth
of a legion) and in the first Century AD a standard maniple would consist of about 160 men.
Also please note that signum is the Latin for sign as semeion was in classical Greek
(see also semeion).
- See company colours.
- SIMPLE BICOLOUR
- See bicolour 2).
National Flag of Ukraine (fotw)
- SIMPLE PALL
- See pall.
- SIMPLE PILE
- See pile.
- SIMPLE TRIANGLE
- See triangle.
- SIMPLE TRIBAND
- See triband 2).
National Flag of Peru (fotw)
- SIMPLE TRICOLOUR
- See tricolour 2).
National Flag of Italy (fotw)
- The heraldic term for the left hand side of a flag or shield from the point
of view of the bearer, or the right hand side from the point of view of an observer
(see also dexter).
- SINISTER EDGE
- 1. With regard to a shield see sinister above.
- 2. A term that may be used in describing the right hand facing edge of a banner or gonfalon
which is hung from a crossbar, and equivalent to the bottom edge of a conventionally hoisted flag
the trailing edge (see also banner 2) and
- SINISTER HOIST (HOISTED or HOISTING)
- The term used when a flag is depicted with its hoist to the observers right in
the Arabic tradition but see sinister above (also
National Flag of Abu Dhabi (fotw)
- SKULL AND CROSS-BONES
- See jolly roger.
- SLEDGE (or SLEDGING) FLAGS
- In UK and some other usage now largely obsolete, the flags (of varying design) that were
flown from the sledges of several polar expeditions in order to make them more visible from
a distance and for reasons of esprit de corps.
From left: Flag used by the 1875 Expedition to the North Pole
(fotw); Flag used on Ernest Shackleton's 1914 Expedition to the Antarctic (fotw)
- 1) See heading.
- 2) Especially of an indoor flag, parade flag or military colour, a tube of
material at the hoist into which the staff is inserted (see also
tab and staff 2)).
Please note that the increasingly (but by no means entirely) obsolete practice of cutting the
sleeve of a military colour or parade flag into separate sections (with gaps in between) is almost certainly based on the
earlier use of ties (see also ties).
- A heraldic term used in place of couped when applied to the stalks of trefoils, leaves and sprigs of foliage see
Flag of Magenwil, Switzerland; Flag of Wόrenlingen, Switzerland (fotw); Flag of Schupfart, Switzerland
Please note that a fruit or leaf etc., without a stalk is neither slipped nor couped
- SMALLER ARMS
- See lesser arms under arms.