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Serbia (Serbia and Montenegro)

Srbija

Last modified: 2004-11-06 by
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[Flag of Serbia]by Željko Heimer


See also:


Adoption of the flag and arms of Serbia

The People's Assembly of Serbia (Narodna Skupstina Republike Srbije) adopted on 17 August a recommendation on the use of the state symbols, following the proposals made by a working group in November 2001 (see below). Legally, a recommendation is just a guideline, which does not require anyone to obey it, but it was adopted as such in order to avoid the procedure that is otherwise required by the Constitution to organize a referendum on the issue.

The legislation was adopted during an extraordinary session of the parliament under urgent procedure, by agreement of caucus heads and petition of 187 members, from the government coalition and the Radical Party. The Socialist Party of Serbia voted against the new state symbols, with caucus leader Ivica Dacic describing the coat of arms as "monarchist".

An article in the bimonthly political magazine Srpska Rec (undated, probably from December 2001) explains how the working group presented their proposal for the new symbols of Serbia on 23 November 2001. The working group decided to propose the readoption of the 1882 symbols - the plain tricolour as the national flag, the tricolour with coat of arms as the state flag, the coat of arms from the Obrenović dynasty period and the anthem Bože pravde, also from 1882.

Željko Heimer & Ivan Sarajčić, 17 August 2004

Here is an unofficial translation from the recommendation:

Based on the article 73 line 2 of the Constitution of the Republic of Serbia,
The Parliament of the Republic of Serbia, on a session of the Ninth extraordinary convention in the year 2004, held on 17 august 2004 issues the

Recommendation on the use of the coat of arms, the flag and the anthem of the Republic of Serbia

Until the final establishment of the state symbols of Serbia, in accordance to the Article 5 of the Constitution of the Republic of Serbia, it shall be used:

Coat of arms
The coat of arms of the Republic of Serbia as determined by the Law on the coat of arms of the Kingdom of Serbia of 16 June 1882, used in two stages - the greater coat of arms and as the lesser coat of arms.
The greater coat of arms is a red shield in that is set between two golden lilies in base a two headed silver eagle armed, langued and membered golden, with a red shield on its breasts containing a silver cross between four firesteels of the same turned towards the vertical bar of the cross. The shield is crowned with a golden crown and in front of a mantle with golden embroideries and golden fringe, with a golden cord with tassels, with hermelin inside and crowned with a golden crown.
The lesser coat of arms is a red shield in that is set between two golden lilies in base a two headed silver eagle armed, langued and membered golden, with a red shield on its breasts containing a silver cross between four firesteels of the same turned towards the vertical bar of the cross. The shield is crowned with a golden crown.

Flag
The flag of the Republic of Serbia exists and is used as the national flag and the state flag, both in ratio 3:2 (length to width).
The national flag is a horizontal tricolour flag of equally wide stripes, top to bottom: red, blue and white.
The state flag is is a horizontal tricolour flag of equally wide stripes, top to bottom: red, blue and white and overall with its centre off-set towards the hoist for 1/7 of the total flag length is set the lesser coat of arms of the Republic of Serbia.
The President of the Republic of Serbia and the Chairman of the Parliament of the Republic of Serbia own and use standards of square shape, so:
- the standard of the President of the Republic is a horizontal tricolour flag within a white border with interchanging row of blue and red triangles with their bases inwards and with a red deltoid in each corner, their stripes of the same heights, top to bottom: red, blue and white and over all these stripes the greater coat of arms of the Republic of Serbia;
- the Standard of the Chairman of the Parliament of the Republic of Serbia is a horizontal tricolour flag with equally sized stripes, top to bottom: red, blue and white, and over all these stripes the greater coat of arms of the Republic of Serbia.

Anthem
[...]

The recommendation shall be published in the official gazette of the Republic of Serbia Službeni glasnik Republike Srbije RS nr. 44.

In Belgrade, 17 August 2004
Parliament of the Republic of Serbia
Chairman
Predrag Marković

Željko Heimer, 25 August 2004


National flag

The national flag of Serbia is horizontally divided red-blue-white, in proportion 2:3.

Željko Heimer, 17 August 2004


State flag

[State flag of Serbia]by Željko Heimer & Mario Fabretto


Standard of the President of the Republic

[Flag of the President]by Željko Heimer & Mario Fabretto


Standard of the Chairman of the Parliament

[Flag of the Chairman]by Željko Heimer & Mario Fabretto


Coat of arms

[Coat of arms of Serbia]by Željko Heimer

The lesser coat of arms of Serbia is:
Gules, two fleur-de-lys or below a double-headed eagle argent, beaked, membered and tongued or, bearing an escutcheon: gules, a cross argent between four firesteels or addorsed. Crowned with a royal crown proper.

[Greater coat of arms of Serbia]by Željko Heimer

The greater coat of arms adds the heraldic mantle topped with a crown.

Sources:

Željko Heimer, 27 August 2004


Mourning flag

A plain black flag is frequently used as mourning flag in Serbia, especially in Eastern Serbia. It is displayed in front of the house of a deceased person for 40 days after the death.

Ivan Sarajčić, 20 May 2000

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