Last modified: 2005-03-26 by dov gutterman
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by Željko Heimer
It seems that the county of Split and Dalmatia (Splitsko-Dalmatinska zupanija - most of counties have such a double names, naming a city and a wider region) adopted a yellow-blue flag, devided vertically in proportions 1:2 aproximately, with a blue shield in yellow field bearing a yellow crown (of king Zvonimir). I've been reading in newspapers that this flag was proposed, and I have seen it in use lately, but I don't know if it was addopted and confirmed from Zagreb.
Željko Heimer, 18 March 1996
The coat of arms is Azure a Crown of Zvonimir Or. The crown of Zvonimir is based on the representation of the crown on the head of Croatian king found on the old Croatian engraving on a baptistery in early romanic style of XI century. The baptistery is found in Split, and it is believed that the figure represent the king Zvonimir-Dmitar (?-1089, ruled from 1075), who liberated Dalmatia from Venetians, and organized capital and seat of Croatian parliament in Knin. The same crown design is used on the coat of arms of Sibenik and Knin County.
The flag is blue with yellow hoist in the middle of which the coat of arms is set.
The County of Split and Dalmatia is situated in the middle Dalmatia. Even if it is the only county that have the name of Dalmatia in it, since it does not encompass the whole historical kingdom, there is no sence in using the historical Dalmatian coat of arms of three golden leopard's heads in blue shied. However, the historical connection is retained by using of the same colours in the modern county symbols.
Source: Vjesnik, Zagreb, 29. svibnja 1998. str 21.
The flag was adopted in 1995, more pecisely on 12 December 1995 by the decision: Odluka o grbu i zastavi }upanije splitsko-dalmatinske, 12.12.1995. "Slu~beni glasnik" br. 9/95.
This is also refered in a historical overview of the County at Povijesni pregled ustroja }upanije splitsko-dalmatinske, Prvih 25 sjednica, Iz predbroja "Kronike }upanije splitsko-dalmatinske" (Marijana `undov) at <www.dalmacija.hr>.
There is also a 2002 county decision alowing the use of the Coat of Arms to Zdenko G. Alexy, from Bratislava for his herladic encyclopedia at <www.dalmacija.hr>.
Željko Heimer, 20 March 2005
by Željko Heimer
The following blasons come from Siebmacher's volume on Dalmatia.
Francois Velde, 30 June 1995
I received a question from a visitor of my web site regarding the flag and Coat of Arms of Dalmatia (azure three crowned leopard's heads or). Among other things, he claims that there is the original of the Coat of Arms and the flag from 13th century preserved in Belgium in the National Museum in Bruxelles, but of course, he provides no clue where he got this info from. Could that be checked?
I suspect that this is a bit deformed information regarding the first known image of the Dalmatian Coat of Arms that is as far as I am aware from literature in the Gerle Armorial, which is indeed in Belgium, but originates from the late 14th century. If I am not much mistaken, the Gerle book showes the Coat of Arms together with flags, so it may really be the origin. Of course, this can't be the original - only the first known representation, the original "grant of arms" being lost in he mists of time if ever there was one indeed.
Željko Heimer, 10 December 2003
See also: Croatia - Historical Flags (1848-1918)