Last modified: 2002-11-30 by
Keywords: madagascar | protectorate |
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This flag is described in "Alfred Grenser: Die National- und Landesfarben von 150 Staaten der Erde."
This book describes (text only) the coas and flags of countries, but only shows "landesfarben" on plates instead of flags.
The book was published by "Verlag von Wilhelm Rommel, Frankfurt/M., 1881"
So this flag must have been in use earlier than 1885....
Ralf Stelter, 21 Nov 2002
1885 is the date of the establishment of the French Protectorate of Madagascar, but Europeans had already settled in Madagascar centuries before. In 1861, Queen Ranavalona I expelled the Europeans and closed their schools. From 1865 to 1895, the power was de facto exerted by Rainilaiarivony, who successively married three queens. He modernized the country, converted to protestantism but could not avoid the French Protectorate. As mentioned on the website, Smith shows the flag in a column of flags "inspired by the French Tricolor". Since the Tricolor was definitively adopted as the French flag in 1830, it is highly probable that French colonists imposed a flag inspired by their national flag before the official establishment of the Protectorate.
Another possibility could be that Madagascar had no specific relationship with the French Tricolore but shared the same colours by pure coincidence.
Ivan Sache, 22 Nov 2002
From a series of Cigarette Silks Iron-on Transfers, the subject of which is: Nation Animals & Flags, the Madagascar (interesting) flag, already on FoTW) - accompanied by a ring tailed lemur.
(source this site)
Olivier Touzeau, 28 Oct 2002