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Chad

Republic of Chad, République du Tchad, Jumhuriyat Tashad

Last modified: 2006-04-29 by
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Chad flag [National flag] 2:3
by Zeljko Heimer
Flag adopted 6 November 1959, coat of arms adopted 11 August 1970.



See also:

Explanation of the flag

Vertical tricolour of blue-yellow-red.
The French Navy flag book L'Album, 2000 [pay00] gives this colour approximation for the Chad flag:
blue Pantone 281c - CMYK 100-70-0-35
yellow Pantone 116c - CMYK 0-10-95-0
red Pantone 186c - CMYK 0-90-80-5
This gives blue slightly darker then that given for Romania (both are approximations made by Armand du Payrat, the editor of the Album, based on flag reported in use).
Zeljko Heimer, 29 March 2003

The blue-yellow-red colours of Chad are a combination of the blue-white-red of France, the former colonial power, and the green-yellow-red of the Pan-African (e.g., Ethiopian) ones. Cf. Central African Republic whose colors are blue-yellow-red and green.
Similarly Andorra's blue-yellow-red is a combination of the national colours of France and Spain. Accidentally, the flag is the same as the flag of Romania.
Roy Stilling, 10 October 1995

The flag of Chad was adopted by law # 59/13 on 11 June 1959 (that is more than one year before independence). Source: Vagnat & Poels, 2000 [vap00], Smith, 1976 [smi76]
Ivan Sache, 11 April 2003


Presentation on Chad

Full name: Republic of Tchad (République du Tchad).
Location: Central Africa.
Status: Independent Republic.

Chad is the fifth largest country in Africa (1,284,000 sq. km; 1,700 km from north to south; 1,000 km from east to west). The country is located in Central Africa and bordered by Libya (north), Central African Republic (south), Sudan (east), and Niger, Nigeria and Cameroon (west).
In 1997, the population of Chad was estimated 7,166,000 (density 5.6 per sq. km). According to the 1993 census, only one fifth of the Chadians live in urban areas, the most important cities being N'Djamena (the capital city, formerly known as Fort-Lamy, 530,000), Moundou (280,000), and Bongor (200,000). The ethnolinguistic composition of the population is very diverse. The three most important groups represent only 50% of the total population: Sara (27.7%), Sudanese Arabs (12.3%), and Mayo-Kebbi (11.5%). Muslims are slightly dominant (54%), whereas 35% of the Chadians are Christians. The official languages are French and Arabic and there is no official religion.
Ivan Sache, 11 April 2003, based on Presentation of Chad & Encyclopaedia Universalis Yearbook

A short history:

  • 1900 French protectorate.
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