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Viet Nam

Last modified: 2005-02-26 by
Keywords: viet nam | asia | francophonie | star: 5-point |
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[Viet Nam] by Željko Heimer
Proportions: 2:3 [FIS Code]
Flag adopted 1955-NOV-30, coat of arms adopted 1956-JULY-21

Construction Sheet
[Viet Nam] by Željko Heimer

Local Name: Cộng Ha X Hội Chủ Nghĩa Việt
ISO Code: VN VNM 704
FIPS 10-4 Code: VM
MARC Code: vm

See also:

The Viet Nam flag

The five points of the star stand for the farmers, workers, intellectuals, youth and soldiers. Adopted 1955 (modified from 1945 flag). (Jos Poels, Prisma vlaggenboek, 1990)
Mark Sensen - 19 September 1997

I did not see any reference to the date on which they turned on the actual pattern. Well, here it is: the current flag of Viet Nam was officially put into use by the then North Viet Nam on 30 November 1955.
Pier Paolo Lugli, 10 October 1997

The adoption date given on FOTW is 30 September 1955. On the other hand, Smith [smi82] gives date of "official hoisting 2 July 1976". This is explained, I guess so - the 1955 was adoption of the flag by Democratic Republic of Viet Nam (i.e. North Viet Nam), while in 1976 it was adopted by the united Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.
Željko Heimer, 7 September 2003

New Zealand's Prime Minister Helen Clark has just completed a brief state visit to Vietnam, prior to the APEC meeting in Thailand.

News footage here showed a motorcade with cars flying small NZ and Vietnamese flags. The Vietnamese flag definitely had the gold star displaced towards the hoist, I'd say about 2/5 of the way from hoist to fly, rather than centred as in the usual national flag.
James Dignan, 19 October 2003

Coat of Arms

[Viet Nam Coat of Arms]
from Embassy of Viet Nam, Washington, DC

1945-1955 flag

[Viet Nam (1945)] by Željko Heimer

Construction Sheet
[Viet Nam (1945 Construction Sheet)] by Željko Heimer

The star in the 1945 flag is made in such a way that the inscribed circle (i.e., the one touching the inner angles) is half the diameter of the circumscribed circle (that touches the outer points). Adopted 29 September, 1945.

Flag Tower of Hanoi

According to the website

The French administration destroyed most of the monuments of the center of Hanoi in 1896-1897 but kept the flag tower, which they used as a watching post and a liaison post between the command post and the other posts located elsewhere.

The tower was erected in 1812. It is made of three storeys [sic], which are truncated pyramids with a square base and surrounded with brick walls. The first storey is 42.5 m wide and 3.1 m high. Access to the first storey is through two brick stairs. The second storey is 25 m wide and 3.7 m high, with four doors. The eastern door bears the two characters Nghenh Huc (reception of the morning sunlight), the western door bears the two characters Hoi Quang (reflected light), and the southern door bears the characters Huong Minh (towards the light). There is nothing written on the northern door. The third storey is 18 m wide and 5.1 m high. Access is through a stair reaching a northern door.

There is a tower upon the third storey. The tower is a truncated octagonal pyramid, 2 m wide and 18.2 m high. A 54 step helicoidal stair is built inside the tower. The stair is lit and aired by 45 openings placed in groups of four or five all along the tower.

And there is eventually a small tower over the tower! The upper tower is octagonal, 3.3 m high, with one window in each side. On the top of the tower, in the middle, there is a cylindrical column, 0.4 m in diameter, used to attach the flag, whose pole is 8 m high.

Therefore, the height of the tower is 33.4 m and more than 41 m if the flag pole is counted.

Nothing is said on the use of the tower in the Imperial times. It is possible the tower had the same function as in Hu.
Ivan Sache, 26 May 2004

Flag Tower of Hu

According to the site:

The Flag Tower (Ky Di or Ct Co) is the central place of the city of Hu [the former imperial capital of Viet Nam] and is nicknamed "the Flag Column". Seen from the Imperial City, the Tower looks like a big fortress with three superposed pyramids [The French text is not very clear]. The tower was erected in 1807 during the reign of Gia-Long. It was increased and embellished by the king Minh-Mang according to the document called Thuc Luc, which is the chronicle of the Nguyn dynasty [the last imperial dynasty]. It is 17.40 m high and made of three storeys of 5. 60 m, 5.80 m and 6 m, from bottom to top, respectively. The [horizontal] area of the tower increases from top to bottom. On this brick bastion are placed eight cannons. On two sides of the third story are placed two small fortresses. The column was initially made of wood, had two parts [storys ?] and was 29.52 m high. In 1846, the king Thieu-Tri rebuild it because he founded it ugly. During the reign of king Thanh-Thai, it was broken by the typhoon in the moon year Thin (1904). France helped to rebuild it in cast iron. The French Army came back 43 years later (1947), and the column was once again broken by the war. In 1948, a new 37-m high column was built in concrete. It had four parts [storys ?], the three uppermost enclosed in a balustrade, the bottommost part having a concrete terrace with many stairs. From bottom to top, the column is fixed by iron stems used as a stair [?].

During the era of the Nguyn kings, a yellow flag was hoisted every day on the tower. During the celebration days (for instance the National Day, called the Ceremony of the Nam-Giao Cult), a specific flag was hoisted. It was a 4 x 3.6 m flag made of sheepskin or brocade embroidered in the middle with a dragon and indented all around.

[The Web page shows a picture of the current Viet Nam flag hoisted on the tower. The page includes also links to the chronology of the kings.]
Ivan Sache, 31 March 2000

Unidentified Nautical flag

Recently there was a short report in TV about the trip of an US war ship to the river that goes to Ho Chi Minh city. The ship was escorted by a Vietnamese war ship (small like a coast guard or so) bearing a flag in the prow, and the national flag in the mast at center (no flag in the stern) The flag in prow was greenish and yellow horizontal (2:1) in proportion c. 2:3 In the green part were an arms, perhaps the national arms, army emblem or other, probably multicoloured
Jaume Oll,19 November 2003