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Angola - proposal for a new flag

Last modified: 2004-01-24 by
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New proposals

Jos Poels phoned me this evening. By coincidence he stumbled into this web page < http://www.comissao-constitucional.gv.ao/paginas/simbolos_regulamento.htm > )link is dead, ed).
It's about a design competition for a new flag, arms and hymn for Angola. On another page are 288 names of competitors, with a date "14 November" (as closing date?). With the help of the "about:" function I discovered this page is from 7 November *2000*, not 2001. But anyway, it seems Angola is in the process of adopting new national symbols.
I searched a little more, and found the next news items at the site of the Angolan embassy in the US (link is dead, ed.).

Angola: Parliament Discloses New National Symbols
Source: ANGOP
Date: November 14, 2000
Luanda, 11/14 - Angola`s National Assembly (Parliament), will hold a plenary session today in Luanda, to disclose the lot of proposals submitted as part of the tender for new national symbols. 288 people will take part in the contest for a new flag, a new insignia of the Republic, and a new national anthem within the preparation of a new Angolan constitution. The contest that began August 20, 1999, was scheduled to close December that same year, but was extended to March 20, 2000, on account of delays in the submission of the proposals. According to the regulations, the national symbols should promote the national unity, territorial integrity, cultural and historic identity of Angola. They should not bear any connotation with the symbols of any political party. The sub-commission for the symbols is composed of 15 members of parliament. Eight representatives are from the ruling MPLA, three from UNITA, one from the PRS, one from the FNLA, and another representative from the PLD. One more deputy represents other parties within the National Assembly. The sub-commission will elect the three best national symbols under contest, before sending them to the National Assembly Constitutional Commission. The author approved by the
constitutional commission, corresponding to each national symbol, will get a medal plus an amount in cash equivalent to USD 20,000.

First Results of Tender for National Symbols
Source: ANGOP (link is dead, ed.)
Date: April 24, 2001
Luanda, 04/24 - The Angolan parliament constitutional sub-commission for the national symbols bid to release the results of their second scrutiny in which 130 envelopes were selected with 150 proposals. Sub-Commission Coordinator, Ana Maria de Oliveira said that it was a very difficult phase that took months of work.  The commencement of the proposals occurred in November last year after 288 envelopes were submitted containing proposals for the national anthem, flag and insignia. Ana Maria de Oliveira said the first phase of works concentrated on verifying whether participants had respected the tender regulations. Of the 288 proposals received, 115 were rejected, 121 accepted, and there were three opinions. The national anthem alone the sub-commission received 44 proposals, two of which 29 were not considered, the coordinator said. She added that their work in this second phase would be to select the final 20 flags, 10 insignias and four anthems which will be submitted to the constitutional commission for approval. Ana Maria de Oliveira assured that the necessary conditions were in place to rapidly complete the work in spite of some practical problems such as the absence of opposition MP's at meetings. The sub-commission working on the symbols is composed of 15 MP's: eight for the ruling MPLA, three for UNITA, one for PRS, one for FNLA, and one representing the parties not having a seat in the parliament.

At another page (link is dead. ed.) it is reported that the three proposals for the anthem were approved on 16 May 2001.
Mark Sensen, 17 Oct 2001

Source:  ANGOP  - Date:  May 16, 2001  - Luanda, 05/16 -
The Angolan parliament sub-commission for the symbols of the Republic on Wednesday in Luanda approved three proposals for the future national anthem as part of preparations for the drafting of a new constitutional law. The proposals of three anthems, three flags and same number of insignias will be submitted to the constitutional commission of the parliament for analysis and selection. The new anthem and flag to be approved in future will replace the current ones.
According to the president of the sub-commission for symbols, Mrs. Ana Maria de Oliveira, the work for the selection of the
three anthems out of 44 proposals has not been easy at all. She said they first identified those anthems which observed the
requisites of the regulation before they selected those with the best melodic and technical quality."

And a little older report: Luanda, 04/24 -
The Angolan parliament constitutional sub-commission for the national symbols bid to release the results of their second scrutiny in which 130 envelopes were selected with 150 proposals. Sub-Commission Coordinator, Ana Maria de Oliveira said that it was a very difficult phase that took months of work. The commencement of the proposals occurred in November last year
after 288 envelopes were submitted containing proposals for the national anthem, flag and insignia. Ana Maria de Oliveira said
the first phase of works concentrated on verifying whether participants had respected the tender regulations. Of the 288
proposals received, 115 were rejected, 121 accepted, and there were three opinions. The national anthem alone the sub-commission received 44 proposals, two of which 29 were not considered, the coordinator said. She added that their work in this second phase would be to select the final 20 flags, 10 insignias and four anthems which will be submitted to the constitutional commission for approval. Ana Maria de Oliveira assured that the necessary conditions were in place to rapidly complete the work in spite of some practical problems such as the absence of opposition MP's at meetings. The sub-commission working on the symbols is composed of 15 MP's: eight for the ruling MPLA, three for UNITA, one for PRS, one for FNLA, and one representing the parties not having a seat in the parliament."

So, there were THREE proposals for a new flag of the Republic of Angola ten months ago. Has anybody more recent reports?
Jan Zrzavy, 19 Feb 2002

Constitutional Commission Examines National Symbols (of Angola) Report - February 11, 2003

The Constitutional Commission of Angola's National Assembly, in charge of drafting the future constitution for the country will be
informed on Wednesday by the Sub-committee for the national sovereignty symbols.
The Sub-committee for the National Symbols, co-ordinated by deputy Ana Maria de Oliveira, was the first one to finish its work that led to the three proposals for the Republic Flag, Insignia and National Anthem.
Out of the tender for the National Symbols, 246 proposals were obtained, of which 143 for the flag, 63 for the insignia 40 for the
National Anthem.
The regulation on the National Symbols stipulates that the winners will get a medal and the equivalent of Usd 20.000 in national
currency.
At its latest meeting, the Constitutional Commission closed the debate on the governing system, having decided that the head of State will be in charge of leading the Government under the terms of the concerned law.
The governing system under the future constitution was a matter of heated discussion between the country's ruling and opposition parties that defended contrasting views. But the case ended up settled on a voting (32 in favour and five against).
Source: Angola Press Agency (Luanda).
Antonio Teixeira, 12 Feb 2003

Constitutional Commission Selects National Symbols
Luanda, 02/12 - The Angolan National Assembly Constitutional Commission is set to select soon the national symbols (National Anthem, Insignia and Flag) ahead of a new constitution.
On Wednesday, the commission got briefed on the findings of the national symbols sub-commission, coordinated by MP Ana Maria de Oliveira.
According to the speaksperson of the constitutional commission, MP Carlos Magalhaes, the symbols selected as an integral part of the future constitution will still be submitted to the population.
Selected from a public tender were three proposals for flag, three for insignia and three for the Anthem, he said
Participating in the bid were 228 competitors from the whole country, and winners will receive a medal and an equivalent of USD$ 20,000 in national currency, Kwanza.
Jan Zrzavy, 14 Feb 2003

From Angola Press web page.
Luanda, 15 Feb 2003 - Angolan parliament Speaker Roberto de Almeida Friday said here he strongly believed that the future Constitution of the country may be submitted to a referendum this year. In an interview on the state-owned and single Angolan "TPA" Television, the Speaker added that even during the deadlock registered at the Constitutional Commission, the parts of the text which had earned consensus were already being written. The referendum is expected to take a minimum of three months, he said. Asked on the impossibility of holding elections before approving the new Constitution, Roberto de Almeida said he understood that it would be desirable that the new elections are held after a consensual legislative and legal framework has been established. But the Speaker feels that the National Assembly is "on a good path" and there is no room for elections without a new Constitution. The Constitutional Commission, a body created in 1988, is to select soon the new national symbols (anthem, insignia and flag) which will be part of the future draft Constitution.
Jan Zrzavy, 15 Feb 2003

Luanda, 19 Mar 2003 - The constitutional commission of the National Assembly (Angolan parliament) met today in Luanda to analyse the proposals of each political party with parliamentary seat on the "National Symbols" (Anthem, Insignia, and Flag).
"This is a preliminary consultation", said ruling party MP, Rui Falcão, at the end of the meeting, adding that other meetings on this
matter will take place until an agreement is reached. On February, the Constitutional Commission was informed about the results obtained on the public tender for national symbols, having been selected three proposals for the flag, insignia and national anthem from a number of about 288 proposals in the whole country.
Jan Zrzavy, 19 Mar 2003

It sounds serious, this time... Let's see what comes out from it. IIRC, there have been three aborted flag changes in Angola (1989,
1995 and 1998).
António Martins-Tuválkin, 20 Mar 2003


1996 proposal

[Angola - proposal] by Jaume Ollé, 16 September 1996

Angola will adopt a new flag. The probable design currently in discussion, is attached. The additions in the flag (emblem, shield...) are unknown at this moment.
The news was indicated by a reporter who visited Angola two weeks ago.
Jaume Ollé, 16 September 1996

The Angola embassy here has NO knowledge of the move towards adopting a new flag...
Bruce Berry, 17 September 1996

This would seem to be a straightforward combination of the flags and colours of the ruling MPLA party and their UNITA rivals, shorn of ideological insignia. The MPLA flag, as mentioned elsewhere, is black over red with a yellow star in the middle. The UNITA flag is red over green over red with a black cockerel and red sun emblem on the red stripe.
So the proposed flag - red over green over black combines the two Party flags while using the pan-African colours. Personally, I think the overall effect is rather boring and unimaginative, especially when compared to other new African flags such as those for Namibia and South Africa. On the other hand, Angola has had more than enough excitement over the past thirty years so any symbol around which all Angolans can unite should be welcomed.
Stuart A. Notholt, 20 September 1996

A recent news report from Angola said that the national assembly of the country has initiated work on a new consitution. The assembly appointed a 44-member Constitutional Committee to prepare a draft consitution.
According to the report, UNITA is taking part in the work on the new consitution along with other Angolan parties. Now, the interesting thing for the vexillologist (and the vexillolographer) is that the news report stated that the Constitutional Committee will organise a contest for a new flag in July this year. So, we may have a new national flag to look forward to.
Jan Oskar Engene, 22 April 1998

On Saturday, 28 August, 1999 06:10, Jaume Ollé wrote:
Three unknow flags see in Luanda c. 1976.
1) R-V-N horizontal
2) R-Purple-V horizontal
3) B-R-B horizontal (the red stripe fimbrated Y)

I have no idea about any of them, but the first one was reported to this list. I quote from my own website (page <ao!.htm>):
According to Jaume Ollé, in the beginning of september 1996, a (spanish?) journalist visiting Luanda was informed that this proposal, a horizontal tricolor of red, green and black, was under consideration to be the base of a new national flag.
Similar info at this FOTW-ws page..
But, as was recently commented in Lusovex, a new Angolan flag seems to be out of prespective in the current state of affairs. What a 1996 proposal was doing in 1976 is quite a mystery...
Antonio Martins, 31 Aug 1999

I believe that the flag of 1976 can be of one province of Angola. I have a w/b photo with many flags in an Avenue, some of them unidentified, probably flags of provinces (alternating with national and party flags). These flags were probably short lived because the war ravaged the country and provincial flags disappear. Later the colors, forgotten by people, may be used like national proposal.
Jaume Ollé, 12 Sep 1999

It is a tantalizing possiblity, but is there any evidence to back it up? The pre-1975 provinces of Angola didn't have any flags (of if they had, they would be in the usual portuguese post-1935 civic flag pattern, with a COA in the middle of a plain or gyronny background). Knowing the independentists' ideas about national unity and acknowledgement of local particularities, I doubt that any provincial flag could have been adopted until 1976; even party or army geographical sections would have if any, hardly distinct flags. On the photo: which are the identified ones? And which party or parties? By "national flag" I guess you mean the MPLA sponsored Rep. Pop. Angola, is that it?
Antonio Martins, 13 Sep 1999


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