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Jujuy Province (Argentina)

Provincia de Jujuy

Last modified: 2011-06-10 by
Keywords: argentina | bandera nacional de nuestra libertad civil | belgrano (manuel) | jujuy | provincia de jujuy | wreath | sun: rising | phrygian cap | mascapaicha | arm | hand | salón de la bandera | carrillo bascary (miguel) |
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[Province of Jujuy flag] 1:1
[Variant - this flag is one of several which can be displayed]
by Francisco Gregoric, 10 Nov 2005

See also: Other sites:

The flag of Jujuy

The historical flag of Jujuy was originally known as "Bandera Nacional de nuestra Libertad Civil" (National Flag of our Civil Liberties) and it could be the oldest Argentine flag preserved. There are other Argentine flags in museums that may be older but their age has not absolutely been confirmed.

At the end of 1812 and the beginnins of 1813 the Northern Army commanded by General Manuel Belgrano defeated the Spanish royalist army in the Battles of Las Piedras, Tucumán and Salta. On May 25th 1813, the third anniversary of the May Revolution was celebrated. May 25th, 1810 had been the beginning of Argentine struggle for autonomy and leading later towards total independence.

There was a custom in those days for holidays or patriotic events, parading the royal standard through the city and among the people. The standard was of a red field with the Arms of the Spanish King on its center.

General Manuel Belgrano thought that as the patriots were fighting against Ferdinand VII troops, the parade of the royal standard should not longer be made. To replace the standard Belgrano gave as a gift on May 25 of 1813 a new symbol to the City of Jujuy.It was referred in that times as "bandera" (flag) but it could have been a standard as it was meant to replace the royal standard. The texts refer to it as "Bandera Nacional de nuestra Libertad Civil" (National Flag of our Civil Liberties). As said before, this flag was originally intended as a replacement of the royalist standard and it was not as a regional symbol.

The design of this flag was a plain white field with the seal of the General Assembly, in session in Buenos Aires, painted at the center. In time, the seal of the Assembly would become the Argentine coat of arms.

The Phrygian cap in the coat of arms has an interesting design that looks more as a mascapaicha than as a European Phrygian cap. The mascapaicha was the ancient Inca royal red cap made of wool with a tassel of gold. It was an equivalent to a royal crown, worn by Inca emperors. In South America, during the first years of struggle for authonomy and independence, the ancient Inca Empire was seen as a kind of inspiration force. And some people even wanted to create a Monarchy with a king of Inca ancestry.

The flag was raised in patriotic celebrations and parades. But it had to be evacuated from the City of Jujuy in 1814, before the city and surrounding areas would be re-conquered by the Spanish Royalist Army. In that moment and during the royalist occupation of Jujuy, the flag was kept in Tucumán. When Jujuy was re-taken and finally sure, the flag returned to the city of Jujuy in 1815.

The flag has always been preserved as a holy patriotic (relic) symbol since there. But apparently it has been restored several times. It is possible that the red ribbon tiding the laurel branches of the Coat of Arms may have been changed during the federalist period of the 1830s or 1840s. The ribbon originally may have been sky blue.

The flag has been preserved in several different places of the City of Jujuy, for example the Cabildo (old City Hall), a church, the Provincial Legislature, and the office of the governor of the province. Since 1920 the flag could not be taking outside the City of Jujuy, in accordance to regulations by a provincial law.

In 1927, a special room named "Salón de la Bandera" (Flag Hall) was inaugurated at the Province of Jujuy Government Palace to preserve the flag. The historical flag is nowadays preserved inside a wooden frame with glass. [photo]
Francisco Gregoric, 10 Nov 2005

The historical flag as preserved nowadays

[Historical Flag of Jujuy]
by Francisco Gregoric, 10 Nov 2005

The flag as provincial symbol

On November 29, 1994 the flag was adopted as provincial flag of Jujuy by Law No.4816. The initiative for this adoption was led by Dr. Miguel Carrillo Bascary. The text of the law is the following (first in Spanish, then translated to English):

English translation:

Law translated by Francisco Gregoric and Gus Tracchia, 10 Nov 2005

Differences between the original flag and the Provincial Flag of Jujuy

The first difference is that the Provincial Flag has two possible official ratios (1:1 and 3:2), which are not the ones of the original one. The piece of the original flag preserved is 1.65 m high × 1.46 m width. Another difference is that in the Provincial Flag the area where the laurel branches are located is usually made in a pale yellow color.

The corbata (cravat, tie or ribbon) is a new feature not present in the original flag.

Finally some indoors provincial flags have the coat of arms embroidered. In this case the full yellow areas are represented in a golden material or are embroidered with gold. The original flag was painted.

It is important to add that the coat of arms in the historical and provincial flags is different from the Provincial Coat of Arms of Jujuy.
Francisco Gregoric, 10 Nov 2005

Six black ribbons in the flag?

A controversy exists about some Province of Jujuy flags that do have six black "moños" or ribbons. In some websites the flag appear with these ribbons, and last August, during the International Congress of Vexillology Vexilobaires 2005, I have been asked about this matter. When present, these ribbons appear at each side of the coat of arms (3 and 3). But there is nothing in the Law No.4816 text about any ribbons.

The original "National Flag of our Civil Liberties" is preserved in the Government Palace of Jujuy inside a glass wooden frame. The flag is attached to the frame by six small dark things (similar to laces) that appear to be ribbons. These "ribbons" are not part of the flag itself. Some years ago some people understood them as part of the flag and that is why they added them to several provincial flags. Even a meaning was given to the "ribbons". But these six dark ribbons are not part of the flag itself, and they should not be present in the provincial flag.
Francisco Gregoric, 10 Nov 2005

Photos: Other sites: Other sources:

3:2 Ratio vertical version

[Province of Jujuy flag] 3:2
[Variant - this flag is one of several which can be displayed]
by Francisco Gregoric, 10 Nov 2005

The 3:2 ratio flag is probably the one seen the most as provincial flag. However both, the 3:2 and the 1:1 ratio variants are official flags according to the flag law.
Francisco Gregoric, 28 Feb 2006

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