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Austria: Coat of Arms 1934-38

Österreich

Last modified: 2003-09-06 by
Keywords: eagle: double-headed (black) | nimbus | bindenschild | fascism | austrofascism |
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by Peter Diem

The 1934 coat of arms was introduced by Article 3-2 of the Constitution of the 24 April 1934, which was published on 3 July 1934. It was explained in the law of the 19 June 1934 that the "federal government publishes the representation of the state coat of arms in an ordinance in the Bundesgesetzblatt [official bulletin]. The state coat of arms shall only be used as it is depicted in that ordinance and when it is in colour, in the colours mentioned in the Article 3, Paragraph 2 of the Constitution of 1934". It is also mentioned that the people who were granted the use of the former coat of arms can still use it but only one year from the date of this law. The differences in the two sources above may concern a 3D representation, as a photo in this book shows it, but not the flags.

Sources: - Bundesgesetzblatt für die Republik Österreich, 30.April 1934
- Bundesgesetzblatt für den Bundesstaat Österreich, 1 May 1934, 23 June 1934, 3 July 1934
- Diem, Peter: "Die Symbole Österreichs" [die95]
Pascal Vagnat 9 November 1997

The Constitution of 1934 (published June 19, 1935, drawing by Karl E. Krahl) used an eagle similar to the current, without the crown, sickle, and hammer attributes; however, the eagle was double-headed, with each head being surrounded by a golden nimbus.
Helmut P. Einfalt, 6 July 2002


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