Last modified: 2003-07-05 by
Keywords: bosnia and herzegovina | croatia | croatian party of rights | hsp | croatian defence forces | hos |
Links: FOTW homepage | search | disclaimer and copyright | | mirrors
by Zeljko Heimer
The image above is representation of the flag of HSP, as seen used by some (para?)military unit in Bosnia and Herzegovina in early 1990's. I would guess that the white bend was inscribed with letters HSP and possibly there was some symbol (wattle or other ornament) over the shield, but since the flag was most probably home made it might be that it was somewhat simplified and not following the HSP customs to the last.
Anyway, HSP (Hrvatska Stranka Prava, the Croatian Party of Rights) is a right wing party (right here and 'rights' in the name have no connection, though) follower of the party of the same name founded in 19th century being the oldest Croatian political party (established 1861). It was renewed around 1990, both in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina (also there were several parties, or fractions, which claimed the name and herittage, but this is of no great importance for the issue). Soon after the begining of the war in Croatia, and later in Bosnia and Herzegovina, organized military units to fight as protection against aggression, and maintained good relations and included not a few Bosniaks/Muslims (when the "official" HDZ ingaged in hostilities). The HSP army was called HOS Hrvatske Obrambene Snage, Croatian Defence Forces). However, it is also believed that some units (or members) of HOS might be responsible for certain war crimes.
As the Croatian state evolved from the first days, the HOS units were eventually disbanded or integrated in the croatian Army. Similarly, but more slowly the same was done in Bosnia and Herzegovina (where they were integrated in the Croatian Council of Defence, HVO, and finally in the Federal Army).
The HSP uses the Croatian tricolour with the party emblem in the middle - shield divided per bend, chequy and blue with white bend bearing the initials of the party, and above the shield a tripple-wattle ornament. Several fractions and other parties claiming the same name (or similar one, adding differenciating attribute) use similar flags with minor differences.
. Zeljko Heimer, 2 March 1999
by Zeljko Heimer
The flag was used with some variations, most notably with larger symbol and without the circular wreath. HOS was military organization of Croatian Party of Rights (HSP), whose flag was also used (tricolour with shield tierced per bend sinistre chequy red-white, white with golden initials HSP and blue). The (para)military organization was active both in Croatian and B&H at the begining of the war, but latter was disbanded, some of the units included in the regular army.
The HOS used a black flag with the emblem in the middle, with a circle of tripple-wattle within which is a chequy shield (with white first square) over a four-sided blue-white triple wattle (similar to the one used as Ustasha symbol, on flags of the Independent State of Croatia in World War II), above the inscription HOS, below HSP, ZA DOM SPREMNI (motto also used in World War II Croatian state).
Zeljko Heimer, 2 March 1999