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Kingdom of Bulgaria, 1908-1944: Royal Family

Царство Българи&

Last modified: 2005-03-19 by rob raeside
Keywords: bulgaria | kingdom | lion | crown | royal |
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Introduction

The Kingdom of Bulgaria extended from 1908-1946, though for the purpose of flag research, the period ended on 9 September 1944. There are three main sources of flags of the period mentioned in Ivanov (1998). The first is the collection of the Naval Museum, from where are mentioned the naval ensign and kings and queens standard. The second is the (Bogoslovski, 1912) "Al'bom shtandartov i flagov inostrannyh gosudarstv", Sofiya 1912, and the third is a Naval manual that I shall cover latter on. The Ivanov (1998) book contains pictures from the last one, but it also has detailed reports on what's in others, highlighting some differences. As far as I have understood the flags preserved in the Naval Museum are of the same pattern as those published in Bogoslovski book. They are treated together and even if I have reservations - have no evidence why I should not do the same. All the flags here would be reconstructions from descriptions. Even if the descriptions are quite straight-forward and clear, there is always possibility I misinterpreted them.
Željko Heimer, 5 September 2001

According to Ivanov (1998) the flags from the period of the Kingdom were all abandoned on 9th September 1944. After that date and until new flags were officially adopted, the unofficial patterns were used - on vessels according to the taste of the captain.
Željko Heimer, 9 September 2001


King's Standard

[Royal Flag of Bulgaria 1908-1944] 1:1, by Željko Heimer

King's Standard (Shtandart' na N. Velichestvo Tsarya). Red square flag with the yellow crowned lion rampant, with tricoloured triangles around the border, green facing to the edges, red and white to inside, and with red cornerpieces.
Source: Bogoslovski, 1912
Željko Heimer
, 5 September 2001

The king and queen's standards are preserved in the Naval museum (Voenomorski muzei) in Varna. The sizes of these flags are 253 x 255  cm with triangular tricolour edges 2.5 cm high.
Željko Heimer, 12 January 2004

[Royal Flag of Bulgaria 1908-1944] 1:1, by Željko Heimer

Flaggenbuch (1939) shows a smaller lion, much more 'decorated', and with green tongue and claws. Moreover, the pattern of the triangles is totally different: the eight green triangles from your source are changed to ten white triangles; the four white triangles from your source are changed to five green triangles; the three red triangles from your source are changed to four red triangles. To make the things clearer, taking the upper border as an example and starting from the upper left corner, we have a red lozenge and then 19 triangles as follows: W V W R W V W R W V W R W V W R W V W (and then a red lozenge). White triangles point downwards, green and red ones point upwards. Triangle height (or border width) is 1/9 of the flag size. Lozenge basis is 1/15 of the flag size, triangle basis is 13/150 of the flag size.
Ivan Sache, 6 September 2001

[Royal Flag of Bulgaria 1908-1944] 1:1, by Željko Heimer

Bulgarian Naval Handbook (reproduced in Ivanov, 1998) shows a differently rendered version. Red square flag with a yellow crowned lion rampant bordered with tricolour triangles. Here the triangles are much bigger than in 1912 (and the real flags preserved in Varna museum!), so that there are four white triangles along each edge, and three (green-red-green) triangles along the edges of the red square, and with the red corner pieces.
Željko Heimer
, 14 January 2004

I guess that all these minor differences are not the result of changes in regulations (that would surely be mentioned in Ivanov, 1998), but are differences in artistic rendition.
Željko Heimer, 8 September 2001

King's Pennant

[Kings Pennant of Bulgaria 1908-1944] 

1:30~, by Željko Heimer

King's Pennant (Breid-vimpel (kositsa) na N. V. tsarya). Yellow pennant with the king's standard at hoist.
Source: Bogoslovski, 1912
Željko Heimer
, 5 September 2001

[Kings Pennant of Bulgaria 1908-1944]

As above in Flaggenbuch (1939), but 1:5, with rectangular 15:23 King's standard.
Ivan Sache, 6 September 2001

The number 15:23 must be approximation, since it is rather close when one takes away another pair of triangles along the vertical edges.
Željko Heimer
, 8 September 2001

[Kings Pennant of Bulgaria 1908-1944]

by Željko Heimer

Bulgarian Naval Handbook (reproduced in Ivanov, 1998) shows a differently rendered version. The difference is in the hoist flag matching to the one above, and swallow-tailed fly.
Željko Heimer
, 8 September 2001


Queen's Standard

[Queen's standard of Bulgaria 1908-1944] 1:1, by Željko Heimer

Queen's Standard (Shtandart' na N. Velichestvo Tsaritsata). Same design as king's standard, only swallow-tailed.
Source: Bogoslovski, 1912
Željko Heimer
, 5 September 2001

[Queen's standard of Bulgaria 1908-1944] 1:1, by Željko Heimer

Flaggenbuch (1939) has of course the same pattern as for King's Standard. 'Opening' of the tail is 1/6 of the flag size.
Ivan Sache, 6 September 2001

[Queen's Flag of Bulgaria 1908-1944] 1:1, by Željko Heimer

Bulgarian Naval Handbook (reproduced in Ivanov, 1998) shows a differently rendered version. The difference is in the triangles around the edges.
Željko Heimer
, 8 September 2001

Queen's Pennant

[Queen's Pennant of Bulgaria 1908-1944] 

1:30~, by Željko Heimer

Queen's Pennant (Breid-vimpel (kositsa) na N. V. tsaritsata). Yellow pennant with the queen's standard at hoist.
Source: Bogoslovski, 1912
Željko Heimer
, 5 September 2001

[Queen's Pennant of Bulgaria 1908-1944]by Željko Heimer

Base flag as above in Flaggenbuch (1939). Border width of the Queen's standard is 3 + 5/6 (for a hoist of 15). 
Ivan Sache, 6 September 2001

According to my "work" the triangles should be about 2.551 and not 3.833 to maintain the relative size in other images... Are they expected to be bigger?
Željko Heimer, 8 September 2001

[Queen's Pennant of Bulgaria 1908-1944]

by Željko Heimer

Bulgarian Naval Handbook (reproduced in Ivanov, 1998) shows a differently rendered version. The difference is in the hoist flag matching to the one above, and swallow-tailed fly.
Željko Heimer
, 8 September 2001


Crown-prince's Standard

[Crown Prince's standard of Bulgaria 1908-1944]  2:3?, by Željko Heimer

Crown-prince's Standard (Shtandart' na prestolonaslednika). The flag of basically the same design as the king's standard set in the middle of the white flag with red cross and green saltire. I am particularly not sure about the correctness of my interpretation here, so be warned here even more then for the rest of the batch.
Source: Bogoslovski, 1912
Željko Heimer
, 5 September 2001

[Crown Prince's standard of Bulgaria 1908-1944]  2:3?, by Željko Heimer

Flaggenbuch (1939) shows the flag in 6:7 proportion. Therefore, the King's standard in the middle is rectangular, with only 15 triangles on its vertical borders. There is also a Crown-princess' standard, swallow-tailed; a standard for the male members of the royal family, with red cross omitted; a standard for the female members of the royal family, same but forked.
Ivan Sache, 6 September 2001

[Crown Prince's Flag of Bulgaria 1908-1944] 1:1, by Željko Heimer

Bulgarian Naval Handbook (reproduced in Ivanov, 1998) shows a differently rendered version. A white flag with red cross and green saltire and overall a red rectangle containing a yellow crowned lion and bordered with the tricolour triangles. Here the triangles facing outwards are white and those with bases inwards are green and red, five of them horizontally, and three vertically, with red corner pieces.
Željko Heimer
, 15 January 2004

Crown-prince's Pennant

[Crown Prince's Pennant of Bulgaria 1908-1944] 

1:30~, by Željko Heimer

Crown-prince's Pennant (Breid-vimpel (kositsa) na N. Ts. V. prestolonaslednika). Yellow pennant with the crown-prince's standard at hoist. Other officials are not given their pennants in Bogoslovski's Album
Source: Bogoslovski, 1912
Željko Heimer
, 5 September 2001

[Crown Prince's Pennant of Bulgaria 1908-1944] by Željko Heimer

Flag as above in Flaggenbuch (1939), along with Crown-princess' pennant, pennant for the male members of the royal family, and pennant for the female members of the royal family.
Ivan Sache, 6 September 2001

[Crown Prince's Pennant of Bulgaria 1908-1944]

by Željko Heimer

Bulgarian Naval Handbook (reproduced in Ivanov, 1998) shows a differently rendered version. The difference is in the hoist flag matching to the one above, and swallow-tailed fly.
Željko Heimer
, 8 September 2001


Crown Princess' Standard

[Crown Princess' standard of Bulgaria 1908-1944]  6:7, by Željko Heimer

Flaggenbuch (1939) shows the Crown-princess' standard swallow-tailed in 6:7 proportion.
Ivan Sache, 6 September 2001

Crown Princess' Pennant

[Crown Princess' Pennant of Bulgaria 1908-1944] by Željko Heimer


Other male members of the royal family

[standard of other male members of the royal family of Bulgaria 1908-1944]  6:7, by Željko Heimer

Flaggenbuch (1939) shows the a standard like that of the crown prince standard with the red cross omitted.
Ivan Sache, 6 September 2001

Pennant of other male members of the royal family

[Pennant of other male members of the royal familyof Bulgaria 1908-1944] by Željko Heimer


Other female members of the royal family

[standard of other female members of the royal family of Bulgaria 1908-1944]  6:7, by Željko Heimer

Flaggenbuch (1939) shows the a standard like that of the crown princess standard with the red cross omitted.
Ivan Sache, 6 September 2001

Pennant of other female members of the royal family

[Pennant of other female members of the royal familyof Bulgaria 1908-1944] by Željko Heimer

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