Last modified: 2004-12-29 by
Keywords: brazil | bahia | guanais | federalist | triband |
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by Joseph McMillan
A major uprising took place in Salvador, Bahia, on 26 August 1832, during a decade marked by a number of revolts throughout the country. Rebel prisoners at the Forte do Mar (Sea Fort), led by Bernardo Miguel Guanais Mineiro, succeeded in inciting the garrison, threatened the provincial capital with the guns of the fortress, and issued a proclamation calling on the people to overthrow the provincial government. They called for a federal system to be established in Brazil, giving the event the name, "Bahian Federalist Revolution." It was also called the Guanais Federation after its leader. The day after seizing the fort, the revolutionaries hoisted a white-blue-white vertical triband over the fort. Shortly afterward, however, they were surrounded and surrendered. Clóvis Ribeiro cites a 1913 book by the historian of the revolt, Braz do Amaral, as his source for this flag.
Sources: Ribeiro, Brazões e bandeiras do Brasil, 144-145; Arthur Luponi, "The Flags of the States of Brazil: Bahia," Flag Bulletin 10:35-39 (Winter 1971); Klauss Erich Klein, "Bandeiras Históricas," at Agulhas Negras Military Academy website
Joseph McMillan, 21 August 2002