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House Flags of Brazilian Shipping Companies, E-H

Last modified: 2003-09-13 by
Keywords: house flags | shipping | figueiredo | frota amazonica | fronape | frota oceanica brasileira | ecnf | enasa | esperanca | espirito santo | henriques | hoepcke |
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ECNF (Piauí)

Empresa Comércio e Navegação Fluvial de João Luís da Silva

House Flag of ECNF de João Luís da Silvaby Jorge Candeias

Empresa Comércio e Navegação Fluvial means "Trade and River Navigation Corporation". João Luís da Silva is, again, a name. The flag is a red-white-red horizontal triband, with a white triangle at hoist, charged with a red star, and containing the initials "E.C.N.F." in the white stripe, in red. Without these initials, this would be a good flag.
Source: Chart of house flags circa 1950 at www.naufragiosdobrasil.com.br
Jorge Candeias, 2 June 2002


ENASA (Belém)

Empresa de Navegação da Amazônia, S.A.

ENASA House Flag (Brazil)by Jorge Candeias

Companhia Brasileira de Navegação do Rio Amazonas - This name can be translated as "Brazilian Company of Navigation of the Amazon River." The flag is white containing a couple of anchors disposed in saltire.
Source: Chart of house flags circa 1950 at www.naufragiosdobrasil.com.br
Jorge Candeias, 4 June 2002

This is now the Pará-state-owned Empresa de Navegação da Amazônia, S.A. (ENASA), using the same flag. Viewable at the company website, in the upper left corner of the page.
Joseph McMillan, 4 June 2002

ENASA is owned by the state of Pará and serves Amazon river ports between Belém and Manaus. It was founded in 1852 as the Companhia de Navegação e Comércio do Amazonas, a private firm subsidized by the imperial treasury. In 1872, it was sold to British investors and became the Amazon Steam Navigation Co., Ltda., still subsidized by the imperial government as a means of developing the Amazon hinterland. The Brazilian federal government nationalized the company in 1940 and combined it with the port authority of Belém and other ports in Pará to become the Serviço de Navegação e Administração dos Portos do Pará, or SNAAPP. SNAAPP was broken up in 1967, with the state ports authority becoming separate from the shipping line, which was renamed ENASA.
Source: Pará state government website
Joseph McMillan, 26 March 2002


Empreza Esperança Marítima (Rio de Janeiro)

Empreze Esperança Marítimaby Joseph McMillan

The name means "Hope" Maritime Enterprise. The flag was blue with a red saltire between the letters E, E, M, N all in white, all within a yellow border. The "N" on the flag probably stands for either navegação or nacional.
Source:1909 suppplement to the Germany Navy's 1905 Flaggenbuch
Joseph McMillan, 11 February 2003


Governo do Estado do Espírito Santo

House Flag of the Government of Espírito Santo (Brazil)by Jorge Candeias

This is a flag attributed by the source to the government of the state of Espírito Santo, though hasn't got the slightest resemblance to the state flag. It's a green flag with a national-flag-like lozenge in the center, in white, bearing two interwined letters, T and C, in black. This might be related to the state motto (Trabalha e Confia).
Source: Chart of house flags circa 1950 at www.naufragiosdobrasil.com.br
Jorge Candeias, 5 June 2002

As for the initials T-C, I could generate a number of guesses (Transportes Capixabas, for example, capixaba being the adjective for something having to do with Espírito Santo), but without evidence they are just guesses.
Joseph McMillan, 28 October 2002

I note from Lloyd's Register 1953 that the Government of the State of Espírito Santo is shown as owners of the Itacoya of 180 tons built 1929 so I guess there is nothing wrong with their having their own house flag. Presumably having a company to run it was not considered necessary although having complete livery for such a small setup is unusual. The vessel was disposed of by 1958.
Neale Rosanoski, 22 December 2002


L. Figueiredo Navegação S.A.

House Flag of L. Figueiredo (Brazil)by Joseph McMillan

Source: Josef Nuesse's website Reedereiflaggen: House Flags of Shipping Companies.

L. Figueiredo Navegação S.A. changed its name in 1976 to Frota Amazônica S.A.
Neale Rosanoski, 22 December 2002


Frota Amazônica S.A.

House Flag of Frota Amazônica (Brazil)by Joseph McMillan

Source: Josef Nuesse's website Reedereiflaggen: House Flags of Shipping Companies.

Two related companies are Frota Amazônica S.A. and Frota Oceánica Brasileira.  Both fly flags divided vertically, with a large letter F mirroring itself in different colors.  That for Amazônica has a green and yellow field with the Fs in white and blue.  The Nuesse site shows the Amazônica flag with a muddy greenish-grayish-blue hoist half.  A check of the company website confirms that it should be green.
Joseph McMillan, 15 June 2001

Frota Amazonica S.A. became Frota Oceânica e Amazônica (FOASA) in1996 and incorporated the fleet previously shown under Frota Oceânica Brasileira S.A. Brown's Flags and Funnels 1982 and 1995 show the fly "F" as yellow rather than green which may indicate original colours.
Neale Rosanoski, 22 December 2002


FRONAPE (Rio de Janeiro)

Frota Nacional de Petroleiros

House Flag of FRONAPE (PETROBRAS) (Brazil)by Joseph McMillan

Source: Josef Nuesse's website Reedereiflaggen: House Flags of Shipping Companies.

The shipping subsidiary of the giant national oil company PETROBRAS.  Nuesse's site shows the green as a gray-green, but I believe based on seeing Petrobras stations in Brazil that it is really the same as in the national flag.
Joseph McMillan, 16 June 2001

Former Flag

Former Flag of FRONAPE (PETROBRAS) (Brazil)by Joseph McMillan

Source: Stewart and Styring, Flags, Funnels and Hull Colours (1963).


Frota Oceânica Brasileira (Rio de Janeiro)

House Flag of Frota Oceânica Brasileira (Brazil)by Joseph McMillan

Source: Josef Nuesse's website Reedereiflaggen: House Flags of Shipping Companies.

Two related companies are Frota Amazônica S.A. and Frota Oceânica Brasileira.  Both fly flags divided vertically, with a large letter F mirroring itself in different colors.  That for Oceânica has a blue and white field with the Fs in white and red.
Joseph McMillan, 15 June 2001

Their fleet became absorbed into Frota Oceânica e Amazônica in the 1990s. The flag in the picture above, by my calculations, is actually shown back to front even though that is the way both Brown 1995 and Josef Nuesse display it. The company website image of the flags clearly shows that the white is in the hoist and if you study Josef's flag, although the hoist area does not stand out, the width from the red "F" to the side is greater than that of the white "F" to the side indicating to me that the white includes the hoist area.
Neale Rosanoski, 22 December 2002


Cacilda de Souza Henriques (Manaus)

Cacilda S. Henriques House Flag (Brazil)by Jorge Candeias

This time the curiosity is that the name is feminine (Cacilda). The flag is black and white: a white border surrounds a thin black border which in turn surrounds a white panel with a narrow black diagonal from lower hoist to upper fly. Two letters are in this panel, A in upper hoist, H in lower fly. I don't know about the A (the name initial of Mrs. Cacilda's husband? Sheer speculation here), but H is likely to refer to Henriques.
Source: Chart of house flags circa 1950 at www.naufragiosdobrasil.com.br
Jorge Candeias, 30 June 2002

According to Lloyd's Register 1949-1950, operated one vessel of 360 gross tons.
Joseph McMillan, 28 October 2002


Empresa Nacional de Navegação Hoepcke (Florianópolis)

House Flag of E.N.N. Hoepcke (Brazil)by Joseph McMillan

Empresa Nacional de Navegação Hoepcke - Santa Catarina, SC. White with a red diagonal stripe inscribed in white letters "ENNH."
Source: U.S. Navy H.O. Pub. 100.
Joseph McMillan, 29 June 2001

The company was founded in 1895 by the German immigrant Carl Hoepcke, homeported at Florianópolis (Santa Catarina) and originally engaged in short-haul shipping between Santa Catarina Island and the mainland. An offshoot or successor company is still in the auto importing and sales business.
Joseph McMillan, 28 October 2002

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