Last modified: 2008-09-06 by phil nelson
Keywords: china | chinese soviet republic | war flag | kiangsi |
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image by Jaume Ollé
In the Twenties the Chinese communists proclaimed a Soviet republic in Kiangsi. A flag was hoisted. The left sign means: "Communist, the right one: Chinese". Source: Michel Lupant (through A. Chang). Another pattern is shown in Flags Through The Ages And Across The World by W. Smith.
Jaume Ollé, 1 March 1997
The Chinese Soviet Republic was the first communist controlled government in China. It was proclaimed 3 January 1932 in Kiangsi and was overthrown by Chiang Kai-shek on 10 November 1934. The Chinese Communist Party adopted their own War Flag in 1935, which was red bearing a large 5-pointed white star in the center upon which was a *black* hammer and sickle of the Russian-soviet type. It was abandoned in late 1937 when the communists joined with the nationalists to fight the Japanese. I am not aware that the Communist Party of China (CPC) adopted any other distinctive flags subsequent to WWII and 1949. The Chinese Red Army, on the other hand adopted a red banner with a single yellow star in the canton after the Japanese defeat, during the struggle for control of China with the Nationalists. I am not sure when, but at some point, and I think it was after 1949, the numerals 8 and 1 were added to the army flag, standing for the date of its founding, 1 August 1928.
David Martucci, 1997-February-25