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United States of Colombia (1861-1886)

Estados Unidos de Colombia

Last modified: 2004-07-31 by
Keywords: colombia | antioquia | bolivar | boyaca | cauca | cundinmarca | magdalena | panama | santander | tolima |
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by Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001



See Also:


Overview

On 20 September 1861, the name of the country was changed. All the flags of the Republic of New Granada and Grenadine Confederation, even United States of New Grenada were abolished on 26 November 1861. On that date, an executive decree established new national flag and merchant flag . Arms were retained with minor changes.
During this era, ther were about 40 regional civil wars, and one national civil war (1876-1877) when conservatives revolted but at the end negotations finished the conflict.
In 1884, the radical-liberals revolted arguing that president Nunez tried to limit the power of the states. Nunez and some liberals allied with the conservatives and the National party was created 1885. This party won the war and in 1886 proclaimed a new constitution of centralist character that abolished the United States and created the Republic of Colombia.
Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001


National Flag

Currently in use. Ratio 2:3. Adopted: 26 November 1861. After 1906 the navy can use the national flag as naval ensign.
Jaume Ollé, 20 December 1996


Civil Ensign


by Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001


by Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001


by Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001

Ratio 2:3. Adopted: 26 November 1861. Abolished: 28 April 1890. The Decree states: "stars of seven points".
Jaume Ollé, 20 December 1996

Merchant flag was fixed in 2:3 (as the national one) with a blue oval with stars (decree says sevenpointed argent stars) an the number of states in the union. Red border must be 5 cms. and flag 1 m. high (1/8 of the hight of the blue oval, that is 1/5 of flag's hight). Since the size of the flag was variable, several interpretations and patterns existed.
Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001

Variant with eight points stars


by Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001


by Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001


by Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001

The decree stated that stars must be sevenpointed, but tradition in Colombia was that the stars are eighpointed. This imply that the flag must be issued frequently witg eighpointes stars (maybe the number 7 in decree is a mistake).
Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001

Variant with five points stars


by Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001


by Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001


by Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001

And also the flag was frequently used with five points stars.
Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001

Variant with six points stars (?)


by Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001


by Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001


by Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001

Philippe draw the flag with six pointed stars but this variant was rejected by Restrepo.
Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001

Flags according to Flagmaster


by Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001


by Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001


by Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001


by Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001

Flagmaster published a suposed variant of this flag. I doubt weather this flag is correctly attribued, and I speculate that Philippe took his six pointes stars flags from this one. I believe that this flag is older, before 1830 or so. Here are reproduced but with differents variotions of points in stars.
Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001


Naval Ensign


by Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001

Ratio 2:3. Adopted: 26 November 1861 . Abolished: 5 November 1889.
Jaume Ollé, 20 December 1996

In the same decree, the naval ensign was established (Pabellon de guerra), in proportion 2:3, with national arms. The size of the arms is quoted but in absolute size instead relative and it is not known exactly how it was. Restrepo say that the ensigns were manufactured with arms in same size (or very very close) to the cavalry standart.
Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001


Army Flag


by Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001

Ratio ~4:5. Adopted: 26 November 1861. Abolished: 5 November 1889.
Jaume Ollé, 20 December 1996

Infantry and artilley corps used the national flag in proportion of 154:180 with arms in the center. Dimensions of the arms are quoted, but wasn't respected.
Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001


Cavalry Standard


by Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001

Ratio 1:1. Adopted: 26 November 1861. Abolished: 5 November 1889.
Jaume Ollé, 20 December 1996

Cavalry standart was the national colours in 1:1 with arms. Shield was 40 cms (in the central oval diameter) in a flag of 1 meter (making it 2/5).
Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001


Coat of Arms


by Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001


States Flags

The member States used the national flag with arms (except Bolivar that used own flag) with some changes in relation to previous designs. Its is not sure if all states used this pattern because two or three states adopted their own arms (Antioquia and Tolima and perhaps Cundinamarca). I took the pattern from drawings by Philippe, but they were made according to Restrepo is in general lines. Several post stamps emisions show this arms pattern for several states.
Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001

Antioquia


by Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001


by Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001

Bolivar


by Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001


by Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001

Boyaca


by Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001


by Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001

Cauca


by Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001


by Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001

Cundinmarca


by Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001


by Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001

Magdalena


by Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001


by Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001

Panama


by Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001


by Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001

Santander


by Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001


by Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001

Tolima


by Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001


by Jaume Ollé, 27 October 2001


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