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Cundinamarca Independent State (1813-1814) (Colombia)

Last modified: 2003-09-06 by
Keywords: cundinamarca | colombia | bogota | santafe de bogota |
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by Jaume Olle'



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Overview

On 21 July 1810 appeared, in Santa Fe, cockardes, banners, bands and flags with the colors yellow and red. They must means that spanish colors were recognized since the Junta in Santa Fe, established day before, recognized the spanish king Fernando VII and the regency government of Cadiz. The colors were the orign of the current Bogota flag (Santa Fe full name was Santa Fe de Bogota, now known only as Bogota). Those colors were used mainly by the so-called Junta de San Victorino, a popular leadership of the revolt, that on 26 July obtain decision that the Junta recognizes only the King Fernando VII but not the regency of Cadiz since Santa fe wanted to be autonomous, only under the same king as Spain. However, on 16 August 1810 a more moderate autonomist fraction took power. Those colors were used by the militias of the province of Santa Fe in 1811. On 27 February 1811 santa Fe was converted into the state of Cundinamarca (recognizing the spanih King) and constitution was issued on 30 March 1811.
On 7 August 1813 the State of Cundinamarca flag was adopted, adding a celest stripe to the flag. There is a mistake f of some vexillologist which attribued the meaning of sea to the blue the, even Philippe mentions that the flag with seal must have been the naval ensign. It is quite clear that no ensigns were created by Cundinamarca because is in inner land, very very far to the coast and without rivers or lakes. Flag must be only national, civil and state flag on land and with seal (and inscriptions) as the military flag. Since is not any exemple available of the military flag, reconstruction was made according to the text of the law.
Flags of Cundinamarca were plain triband  as   civil (and probably state) flag on land, triband with seal (very similar to the current provincial flag) is doubtefoul (perhaps state flag on land). Perhaps there is a confusion with the presidential flag which is certainly the triband with seal but with motto in the seal which is different from the motto in the national seal. Square triband with black inscriptions and seal is a reconstruction of the military flag from Restrepo (JHS and CUNDINAMARCA inscriptions were added because they are quoted in the law text but they are not drawn in Restrrepo). Square triband with gold inscriptions is my reconstruction (the l>aw don't mention seal neither chains and motto, but only eagle and cap, and it didn't gave the colour and position of the inscriptions that I placed in the most normal form and in the most frequent color for embrodoined inscriptions).
Jaume Olle', 15 September 2001


Santa Fe Colours


by Jaume Olle', 15 September 2001


by Jaume Olle', 15 September 2001


The 1813 Flag


by Jaume Olle', 15 September 2001

Adopted: 7 August 1813. Abolished: de facto December 1814. The independence from Spanish Kingdom was proclaimed 16 July 1813. In Decemebr 1814 it was annexed to the United Provinces of new Grenada.
Jaume Olle'


National Colors


by Jaume Olle', 15 September 2001

Adopted: 7 August 1813. Abolished: de facto December 1814. The colors were used as band and cockarde, and probably also asa flag, but it is uncertain.
Jaume Olle'


Army Flag


by Jaume Olle', 15 September 2001


by Jaume Olle', 15 September 2001

Reconstruction. Ratio ~4:5. Adopted: 7 August 1813 (According law rectification of 14 August 1813). Abolished: de facto December 1814.
Jaume Olle'


Presidential Flag


by Jaume Olle', 15 September 2001

Reconstruction. Adopted: 7 August 1813. Abolished: unknown.
Jaume Olle'


Coat of Arms


by Jaume Olle', 15 September 2001


by Jaume Olle', 15 September 2001


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