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Cuba - Historical Flags

Last modified: 2003-09-06 by
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Cuban Historical Flags - Overview

I found at <www.autentico.org> some 7 historical flags entitled:

1. Flag used by Juaquín Infante, 1810. (see: Joaquín Infante Flag (1810))
2. The flag flown during the conspiration of the "Rayos" and "Soles" of Bolívar, 1823. (see: Bolívar Flag (1823))
3. Club of the Havana flag, 1847. (see: "Club de la Habana" Flag (1847))
4. Flag created by Narciso López on June 24, 1848 for the conspiration of the Mina de la Rosa Cubana (Mine of the Cuban Rose . (see: Conspiracy of La Mina de la Rosa Cubana Flags (1848))
5. This flag was also used at the conspirtation of the Mina de la
Rosa Cubana on June 24, 1848. (see: Conspiracy of La Mina de la Rosa Cubana Flags (1848))
6. Another flag used during the conspiration. (see: Conspiracy of La Mina de la Rosa Cubana Flags (1848))
7.Carlos Manuel Céspedes flag, raised on October 10, 1868. (see: Céspedes Flag (1868))
Jarig Bakker
, 21 December 1999 (translated by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán)

I've seen those flags before, in a book called "Banderas oficiales y revolucionarias de Cuba" by Emilio Roig de Leuchsenring edited back in 1950, in Havana by the Municipio de la Habana.
Guillermo Aveledo, 21 December 1999


Joaquín Infante Flag - 1810


by Andy Weir, 11 January 2001


Bolívar Flag (1823)


by Jaume Ollé

Ratio 2:3. Design of Bolívar for the union of Cuba - 1823. Nickname: Sun's flag.
Jaume Ollé


by Guillermo Aveledo, 6 October 2000

Flag used by the conspiracy of the "Suns and Rays of Bolívar". Not led by the South American liberator, but inspired and supported by him, 1823. This image is based on <www.autentico.org> and the book "Banderas Oficiales y Revolucionarias de Cuba", written by Emilio Roig de Leuschering, and published in Havana, by the Municipio de la Habana publishing house, in 1950.
Guillermo Aveledo, 6 October 2000


by Blas Delgado Ortiz, 29 April 2002

Pablo Acosta Ríos sent to Venezimbol the following flag: It was the first flag of Cuban independence, a Freemason society called "Suns and Rays of Bolívar", in 1823. The Flag of Suns and Rays of Bolívar was the flag of a conspiracy, led by the Liberator (the foreign policy of the Republic was behind another thing in 1823, already being the Republic of Colombia, with greater goals; the Antillean foreign policy of Bolívar was active one decade previous). The conspiracy, nevertheless, had the support and the inspiration of Bolívar. It comes out very well described in the book "Official and Revolutionary Flags Cuba" written by Emilio Roig de Leuschering, and published by editions of the Municipality of Havana, in 1950. This book is in the Central Library of the UCV. A Venezuelan member of Venezimbol have the impression (perhaps wrong, as he says) of having seen it like the command flag, or personal standard, used by Bolívar during the independence war.
Blas Delgado Ortiz, 29 April 2002


"Club de la Habana" Flag (1847)


by Guillermo Aveledo, 6 October 2000


Conspiracy of La Mina de la Rosa Cubana Flags (1848)

1)
by Guillermo Aveledo, 6 October 2000

2)
by Guillermo Aveledo, 6 October 2000

3)
by Guillermo Aveledo, 6 October 2000

Flags of the Conspiracy of La Mina de la Rosa Cubana, June 24th
Guillermo Aveledo, 6 October 2000


Céspedes Flag (1868)

See: Cuba - Céspedes Flag (1868)


Autonomists Flag (1878)


by Jaume Ollé

Adopted: unnoficial use after 10 February 1878. Abolished: c. 1899.
Jaume Ollé

This image is based on a book of the editorial Agualarga called BANDERA, HIMNO Y ESCUDO and is simply the spanish flag ussed untill 1927 by the merchan marine crossed over.
J. C. Castillon, 3 May 2003


Flag of 4 September 1933


by Ivan Sache, 5 May 2000

'Das Grossen Flaggenbuch' [gfb39] describes the 'flag of the 4th September 1933'. It is a 2:1 flag made of five equal vertical bands: blue, white, red, yellow and green. It was hoisted along with the National flag by the Army, the Navy and the Police. The 4th September 1933 is the end of the dictatorship of Machado.

Some questions about that:

1. Is this flag still in used ? Comparing 'Das Grossen Flaggenbuch' with 'Album des Pavillons', I noticed that several Cuban flags were not changed by Castro (including the national flag. The presidential flag just received two additional stars.)

2. What is the origin of the 4th September flag ? I suppose it was inspired by the French tricolour, but the two additional colours are not 'Cuban'.
Ivan Sache, 3 July 1997

In answer to your question, the answer is no. It is not longuer ussed in Cuba since 1959. The "4 de septiembre mouvement" was the movement started by the sargeants and NCO's of the cuban army againts General Machado. This flag was ussed in a semioficial way during the time of General Batista influence.
Batista was a sargeant who toke command of the main garrison in Cuba on 4 September. He was named "coronel" and became head of the Army by the revolutionary center left government who took power, became the strong man of the island, with the help of the american Embassador and the army and againts both the traditional elittes and the leftist students and elected the "puppet" presidents before being elected himself president from 1940 to 1944. Contrary to popular belief, in his first times Batista was popular, made a series of structural reforms, kind to the American New Deal, legalized the Communist Party and allowed unions. In the 1940 elections, even Communist Party backed him. In 1944 a Social Democratic Party, the AUTENTICO party took power through elections and the 4 de septiembre flag did dissapear form public functions untill 1952, when Batista made a second "putsch" and get himself back into power from 1952 to 1959.
The flag in question is supossed to represent all teh branches of the Army, the police and, I think, la Guardia Rural, a sort of police for the countryside.
J. C. Castillon, 3 May 2003


Flags at Museum

From: <www.cubaweb.cu>: Museum of the City of Havana - The "Hall of Flags" contains the original Cuban flag and the one flown by Carlos Manuel de Cespedes when he began the first war for independence in 1868, as well as a number of flags used by the Spanish colonial government in Cuba.
Dov Gutterman, 18 June 2000


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