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Schutzstaffel / SS (NSDAP, Germany)

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Last modified: 2005-09-17 by
Keywords: germany | historical | nationalsocialist | nsdap | ss | schutzstaffel | vexillum | swastika | cross: swastika (black) | disc (white) | text: german | deutschland erwache | schreck: julius | garland (gold) | eagles: 4 (gold) | hitl |
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Introduction

The Schutzstaffel (SS) was founded as Adolf Hitler's bodyguard and was [initially] a part of the SturmAbteilung (SA). When Heinrich Himmler was made Reichsführer-SS in 1929 the SS began to grow in numbers and in power. The SS remained loyal and played an important part when [SA Chief] Ernst Röhm and other leaders of the SA were executed during the night of the long knives in 1934. As a reward for its loyalty the SS was made an independent organization and in 1936 [1937?] the SS was made responsible for all police activity in the Third Reich.

In some of the occupied territories local SS organizations were founded, so called Germanische SS [Germanic SS], these organizations were theoretically independent but was in reality controlled by the SS. One example of this was the Nederlandse SS in the Netherlands (renamed Germaanse SS in Nederland is 1942).

Marcus Wendel, 1999


SS Regimental Standard

SchutzStaffel-Standarte

[SS Regimental Standard (NSDAP, Germany)]
SS Regiment 1 / 1. SS-Standarte "Julius Schreck"
by Jaume Ollé

Like the SA Standard except the rectangle above the standard is black.

Norman Martin, February 1998

The tops of the Deutschland Erwache standards are incorrectly drawn. The eagle has spread wings and not closed. I have handled some ten different surviving ones in the process of making the book [England and Spronk 1997].

Otto Spronk, co-author of England and Spronk 1997, 18 May 1999


Adolf Hitler's SS Bodyguard Regimental Standard

Standarte der Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler

[Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler Standard (NSDAP, Germany)]
by Jaume Ollé

A vexillum-type flag with design like the Führer's Standard except that all 4 corner eagles are of the party type. It also has a gold fringe.

Norman Martin, February 1998

Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler was founded in 1933 as Standarte Adolf Hitler when Sonderkommando Berlin and Sonderkommando Zossen merged. There had been earlier bodyguards but they had been disbanded. Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler was expanded during the war and fought as a Waffen-SS Panzerdivision until the war ended.

Marcus Wendel, 13 June 1999


SS Battalion Colour

SS-Sturmbannfahne

[SS Battalion Colour (NSDAP, Germany)] 5:6
SS Battalion III of Regiment 1 / SS-Sturmbann III der 1. SS-Standarte
by Jaume Ollé


House Flag of the SS

Hausfahne SS

[SS House Flag (NSDAP, Germany)] 2:3
by Jaume Ollé

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