Last modified: 2005-04-29 by
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The entities referred to on this website as 'counties' are called Kreise in the communal constitutions [Kommunalverfassungen] of North Rhine-Westphalia and Schleswig-Holstein and Landkreise in the other states. This distinction does not in itself imply a difference in status, however, and the terms Kreise and Landkreise are in general used interchangeably. The Gemeindeordnungen and Kreisordnungen regulating municipalities' and counties' rights (to bear flags and arms, for instance) for all the States are available at this website.
Stefan Schwoon, 25 October 2001