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Duchy of Anhalt 1863-1918 (Germany)

Herzogtum Anhalt, Duchy of Anhalt-Dessau, Herzogtum Anhalt-Dessau

Last modified: 2004-12-29 by
Keywords: anhalt | herzogtum anhalt | anhalt-bernburg | bernburg | anhalt-dessau | dessau | anhalt-köthen | koethen | coat of arms: parted per pale (eagle: red) | coat of arms: parted per pale (barry: black-yellow) |
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[Civil Flag 1863-1935 (Anhalt, Germany)] 2:3
by Marcus Schmöger
Flag adopted 1863, readopted 1919, abolished 1935, used unofficially 1990



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Introduction

[Anhalt is a] small (pop. approx. 400,000) former German Duchy on [the River] Elbe southwest of Berlin. Founded 11th century, became principality 13th century, became duchies 1806-1807. After 500 years of varied divisions and borders, was united in 1570, then in the next generation [1603?] divided into 5 parts:

  1. Anhalt-Dessau (-1918),
  2. Anhalt-Bernburg (-1863),
  3. Anhalt-Köthen (-1665 and 1818-47),
  4. Anhalt-Zerbst (-1797), and
  5. Anhalt-Plötzkau (-1665) then Anhalt-Köthen-Plötzkau (1665-1818).
After 1818, was down to three duchies:
  1. Anhalt-Dessau (-1918),
  2. Anhalt-Bernburg (-1863), and
  3. Anhalt-Köthen (1818-47),
which combined in 1847 and 1863, into the Dessau branch which thereafter was simply called Anhalt. It became a republic after World War One.

Norman Martin, 7 February 2001

Duke Joachim Ernst abdicated on 12 November 1918, after which Anhalt became a republic.

Jarig Bakker, 9 February 2001

Anhalt was united in 1863 from the three former duchies Anhalt-Köthen, Anhalt-Bernburg and Anhalt-Dessau. Sometime after 1815 already the colours red-green-white became the colours of Anhalt-Dessau (first used as an ribbon of an order). These continued to be the colours of the united duchy Anhalt from 1863-1918. (...) The constitution of the Freistaat Anhalt of 18th July 1919 confirmed the colours red-green-white, that were used until 1935. Sources: Günther 1995/96, Arndt 1979, Znamierowski 1999.

Marcus Schmöger, 12 March 2001


Civil and State Flag 1863-1935

Landesflagge and Landesfarben

[Civil Flag 1863-1935 (Anhalt, Germany)] 2:3
by Marcus Schmöger
Flag adopted 1863, readopted 1919, abolished 1935, used unofficially 1990

Horizontal tricolor red-green-white. In use until 1935.

Norman Martin, March 1998


Ducal Standard 1863-1918

Herzogsstandarte

[Ducal Standard 1863-1918 (Germany)] 2:3
by Marcus Schmöger

Flag of the duke and the ducal house of Anhalt, in use until 1918, when the republic was procla[i]med in Anhalt.

Jaume Ollé, 6th June 1996

Landesfarben with crowned small arms at center. In use until 1918.

Norman Martin, March 1998

The flag of the duke and the ducal house was red-green-white with the crowned ducal arms.

Marcus Schmöger, 12 March 2001


Duchies of Anhalt-Bernburg 1830-1863, Anhalt-Dessau 1813-1863 and Anhalt-Köthen 1813-1847

[Anhalt-Bernburg 1830-1863, Anhalt-Dessau 1813-1863 and Anhalt-Köthen 1813-1847 (Germany)]
by Jaume Ollé

Info[rmation] provided by Lucien Philippe.

Jaume Ollé, 29 August 1998

I have a reference to the flag of the Anhalt Batallion (i.e. the joint force of the three Anhalt duchies) in the Rheinbund [Confederation of the Rhine, pre-1815] army. This consisted of a white flag with the crowned arms of Anhalt (left Brandenburg, right Saxony). I do not know if this was considered to be a national flag, I think it is merely the flag of the batallion.

Norman Martin, 8 February 2001

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