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Algeria: Abd-el-Kader's revolt (1835-1847) - Part 2

Last modified: 2004-02-28 by
Keywords: abd-el-kader | mascara |
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Supposed flag of the Emirate of Mascara

The Emirate, according to Neil Barbour, must have used the yellow and red striped flag (the number and arrangement uncertain) on land (c. 1831-1847).

[Flag at sea]by Jaume Ollé

At sea, a flag with four stripes was used (c. 1832-1847).

Jaume Ollé, translated by Joe McMillan, 24 January 2002

Standard of Emir Abd-el-Kader

The personal standard of the Emir is under discussion.

[Standard of the Emir]by Jaume Ollé

A flag found in the French Army Museum is believed to have signaled the presence of the Emir, but some experts think that it can be considered the flag of the Emperor Samory. The colors of the flag are rose (probably originally red), yellow, and green. These colors were later adopted by Guinea-Conakry and supposedly they were connected with Samory.

[Standard of the Emir]by Jaume Ollé

[Standard of the Emir]by Jaume Ollé

But the view is met with, and proofs are adduced on both sides. Those supporting the thesis that this flag or standard belonged to the Emir of Mascara present two paintings, one by Bellange in the Condé Museum in Chantilly, in which appear a flag of four horizontal stripes and a flag of three stripes containing the same colors;

[Standard of the Emir]by Jaume Ollé

and a painting by Horacio Vernet in the Versailles Museum that also shows a flag with the three colors.


[Pennant of the Emir]by Jaume Ollé

Charriere ( Vexillinfo [vxf] #93 ) also indicates that the Emir used often used a black pennant

Jaume Ollé, translated by Joe McMillan, 24 January 2002