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Military Flags until 1474 (Castile and Leon, Spain)

Last modified: 2005-02-26 by
Keywords: castile and leon | virgin mary | star: 6 points (white) | crescent: points to hoist (white) | cross (yellow) | pennants: crossed (2) | pennants: 8 (yellow) |
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Cavalry Flag 13th Century

[Cavalry Flag 13th Century (Spain)]
by Sergio Camero, exported to GIF by Santiago Dotor

Cavalry flags (estandartes) in the 13th century generally had religious images, something which also happened during the Hapsburg dinasty (1506-1700) and in many later flags up to nowadays.

During the Middle Ages there was an absolute lack of criteria for denominating flags as well as their shapes. Names such as seña, estandarte, pendón and confalón were used. In the 13th century, King Alphonse X tried to regulate the shapes and use of flags.

Sources:

Sergio Camero, 23 March 2002


Cavalry Flag of Don Gil Álvarez Carrillo de Albornoz 1338-1350

[Cavalry Colour of Don Gil Álvarez Carrillo de Albornoz 1338-1350 (Spain)]
by Sergio Camero

This cavalry flag belonged to the Huestes (followers) of Don Gil Álvarez Carrillo de Albornoz (1338-1350). The original one can be seen in a miniature in the book Registrum Recognitiorum. The most usual colour in Castilian flags was red. In Aragon the kings used more frequently blue.

Sources: Juan Espinazo García, Vexilología en la Edad Media y en las Órdenes Militares; Calvo and Grávalos 1983.

Sergio Camero, 15 March 2002


Moorish Guard of Henry IV of Castile 1454-1479

[Moorish Guard of Henry IV of Castile 1454-1479 (Castile and Leon, Spain)]
by Santiago Dotor

Some days ago I wrote on the use of six-pointed stars by Moors under Spanish rule. This is the flag/pennant of the Moorish Guard of Henry IV of Castile (1454-1479), as it appears in Calvo and Grávalos 1983.

Santiago Dotor, 25 September 1998

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