Last modified: 2011-07-16 by
Keywords: european movement | stars: 12 (yellow) | letter: e (green) | letter: e (red) | sandys (duncan) |
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European Union flag, used by the European Movement - Image by Željko Heimer, 1 May 2004
The European Movement is a Europe-wide organization promoting European co-operation leading to the peaceful and democratic unification of Europe. It has many mainstream politicians as members, even here in the United Kingdom.
Roy Stilling, 2 May 1996
According to W. Crampton [cra91], the European Movement now uses the European Union flag, since not long after the European Union adopted the Council of Europe flag making it in effect the undisputed pan-European flag.
Roy Stilling, 1 May 1996
Former flag of the European Movement - Image by Jan Oskar Engene, 1 May 2004
Sierksma [sie63a] says that the flag was designed by Duncan Sandys for the European Movement congress in The Hague, June 1948. It was in fact the private property of an organization and not meant to be "the" European flag. On the technical side, the "E" should cover exactly 2/3 of the field.
According to Peter Diem, the first "big E" was red! Duncan Sandys's design was to be "modified in August 1948 for a congress in Strasbourg to symbolize hope [and] first flown in London in 1949" at a European economic congress.
Jan Mertens, 15 April 2007
Rabbow, in DTV-Lexikon politischer Symbole, 1970 [rab70], devotes 1.5 page to this symbol, mostly full of praise for easy design, recognizability, acceptable even to anti-Europeans, etc, etc, of which nothing was heard anymore after someone nicknamed it "Churchill's underpants".
Jarig Bakker, 17 March 2005