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Paneuropa Union

Last modified: 2005-04-23 by
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[Flag of the Paneuropa Union]by Željko Heimer & António Martins


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Presentation of the Paneuropa Union

The Paneuropa Union is currently headed by Otto Habsburg and was founded in 1923 by Richard Nikolaus Count Coudenhove-Kalergi. It is credited with some influence over the creation of what is now the European Union. Paneuropa is, unsurprisingly, more active in Austria and the former Austro-Hungarian states. It is very anti-Communist and Christian Democratic in political orientation, with a strong Catholic influence. The famous 1989 'picnic' on the Austrian/Hungarian border was organized by Paneuropa.

Stuart A. Notholt, 3 May 1996 & Dieter Linder, 12 July 1998


Flag of the Paneuropa Union

The flag of the Paneuropa Movement was seen on the main square in Zagreb, in the house of Croatian Council of European Movement, an organization that is promoting the European idea. The flag is similar to the flag of the European Union witha yellow disc with a red cross on it placed inside the ring of stars.

Ž,eljko Heimer, 1 May 1996

Cross is the symbol of christianty and sun symbolizes the European civilization enlighting the world. After the Second World War, the flag was used by the European Parliamentary Union.

Source: Carole Lager Le drapeau européen, histoire et symbolisme, pp. 126-129 [lag99], in Fahnen, Flags, Drapeaux, Proceedings of the XVth International Congress of Vexillology, Zurich, 23-27 August 1993 ([icv93])

Ivan Sache, 6 January 2000


Variant of the flag of Paneuropa Movement

Variantby Ivan Sache

Source: A colour plate originally published by P.M.G. Lévy and P. Martin, as Un drapeau pour l'Europe in Saisons d'Alsace, 1950, #3, showing proposals for the European flag. Reproduced in Fahnen, Flags, Drapeaux (op. cit.).

Ivan Sache, 6 January 2000


Former flag of Paneuropa Union

Old flagby Dieter Linder & António Martins

The flag shows in the center of a light blue field a yellow disk with a narrow red cross throughout. Ratio 1:2.

Source: Volker Junge, Eine Flagge für Europa, Kleeblatt [klb] 3/1987.

Dieter Linder, 12 July 1998

According to Crampton, the Paneuropa Movement carried a flag with a blue field bearing a yellow disc with a red cross in the middle before the start of Second World War. When the Council of Europe formed in 1948, it adopted this flag for its own organization without changes, but it changed to the current design in 1953 to accommodate its newest member, Turkey.

Steve Kramer & Roy Stilling, 1 May 1996

This flag consists of "the red cross of humanitarian compassion against the golden sun of enlightenment in a field azure - the blue sky as a symbol of untroubled peace".

Peter Diem, 11 June 2002

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