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Brittany (France): Political movements (1900-1930)

Last modified: 2002-01-18 by
Keywords: ermine (black) | ermines: 7 (black) | saltire (green) | urb | frb | bleun-brug | heather | cross: celtic |
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Union Régionaliste Bretonne (Breton Regionalist Union)

[URB]by Ivan Sache

Association founded in 1898 in Morlaix by a group of intellectuals to promote the Breton language, administrative decentralization and constitution of a Breton region.

Its first flag was the plain ermine, but in 1907 a green saltire of unknown origin and meaning was added to avoid confusion with the so-called Bourbon flag (white field semé with golden fleur-de-lys) then used by the French legitimists.


Fédération Régionaliste de Bretagne (Regionalist Federation of Brittany)

[FRB first flag]by Ivan Sache

Seceding group from the URB, founded by J. Cholleau and Y. Le Diberder, who added economical demands to the program of URB.

Its first flag combined the black cross and the ermine. It was a white field charged with a black centered cross voided througout and seven ermine spots (4+3) placed in canton. The flag appeared in January 1913 in the review Brittia.

[FRB second flag]by Ivan Sache

To avoid confusion with the German Reichskriegsflagge, the cross was changed to a black centeredd voided cross.


Bleuñ-Brug (Flower of Heather)

[Bleun-Brug, first flag]by Ivan Sache

Association founded in 1905 by priest Y.-V. Perrot to defend Breton language and Roman Catholic religion.

Its first flag was a white field charged with a black centered cross and seven ermine spots (4 + 3) in all of the four quarters.

[Bleun-Brug second flag]by Ivan Sache

The association used a more specific flag made of a purple field charged with a white Celtic cross including an unusual geometrical ermine spot with a wide basis. Purple stood for heather, the Celtic cross for Christianism and Celtic culture, and the ermine spot for Brittany.


Source: P. Rault. Les drapeaux bretons de 1188 à nos jours [rau98]

Ivan Sache, 6 January 1999

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