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France: Honour jacks

Last modified: 2023-07-03 by
Keywords: jack: honour | cross of lorraine (red) | lanyard pennant | war cross | fourragere |
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FNFL jack

[FNFL jack]by Željko Heimer

Source: Album des Pavillons [pay00]

The flag was introduced in 1943 as a jack for the vessels serving in the FNFL (Forces Navales Françaises Libres). It continued to be used by those vessels after 1945, and is now flown as a jack, in place of the Tricolore, by ships bearing the same name.

[FNFL jack construction sheet]by Željko Heimer

Official specifications were issued by the Direction Centrale du Commissariat of the French Navy in April 1987 and approved 29 May 1987.
The flag is 100 x 150 units in size, the lozenge touches the medians of each edge. The cross of Lorraine is 80 unit high, centered on the flag, with a bars widt of 10 units. The lower crossbar is 50 unit long and its upper edge is aligned with the horizontal bisecting line, the upper crossbar is 35 unit long, set so that there are 14 units between the two crossbars.

Christopher Southworth, Armand du Payrat & Željko Heimer, 2 May 2004

Lanyard pennants

Lanyard is used here as David Prothero's translation of French fourragère, a twisted wool lanyard which crew of these ships wear on the shoulder as reconnaissance of the decoration which the ship (or the ancestor of same name) received.

Armand du Payrat, 24 September 2001

The fourragère has the colour of Légion d'Honneur (red), Médaille Militaire (yellow) or Croix de Guerre (War cross, green or sky blue), and is worn on the left shoulder. Since 1916, it has been a collective badge attributed to military units having received more than one mention in dispatches (citations à l'ordre de l'Armée).

The lanyard pennants have a semi-circular fly and an overall proportion of 2:5. They are charged near the hoist with a Croix de Guerre. The field colour-cross colour combination depends on the number of mentions and the operation category, as follows:

Number of citations

Theater of operations

1914 - 1918

1939 - 1945

Overseas operations

2-3 (Croix de Guerre)

[Lanyard pennant]

[Lanyard pennant]

[Lanyard pennant]

4-5 (Médaille Militaire)

[Lanyard pennant]

[Lanyard pennant]

[Lanyard pennant]

6 (Légion d'Honneur)

[Lanyard pennant]

[Lanyard pennant]

[Lanyard pennant]

All images by Željko Heimer. Click on each flag to see it in a larger size.

Source: Album des Pavillons [pay00]

Ivan Sache, 23 September 2001

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