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Scottish Clan Insignia

Last modified: 2005-03-19 by rob raeside
Keywords: scotland | clans |
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About Clan Insignia

While calling the images below the standards of the clans is a convenient shorthand, they are really one of several types of personal insignia of the chief. The leaflet published by Lyon Court says they are granted only to those who have "followings," including chiefs of clans. While the chief's banner (i.e., his arms in rectangular cloth form) indicates his personal presence, his standard marks the location of his headquarters or the clan's gathering point. So the mere fact that someone's name is Fraser does not mean he or she is entitled under Scottish law to fly the Fraser standard, any more than to display the chief's arms or banner.
Joe McMillan, 17 March 2004

From what I understood in the leaflet, the images below (e.g. Clan Fraser) seems to be rather a guidon (rounded end) instead of a standard. And it seems to be a "role" flag, assigned to a clan chief as someone who has a following and a headquarters.
Dirk Schoenberger, 17 March 2004

Dirk is correct, the illustration should have a double-rounded end to be the standard of a peer, as I suspect Lady Saltoun is. Joseph points out an error on the Fraser website, the Standard CAN be used without the personal presence of the Chief, it is a headquarters flag. The BANNER can only be used in the personal presence of the Chief. The design system for Standards is more of a guidance than hard and fast rules. There are variations, but the length is set in stone (it's even by metricated!) A Guidon is granted to someone below the rank of Chief who still has a following, or holds a lieutenancy in a Clan, for example The MacDonald of Castle Camus who is Lieutenant of Sleat in Clan MacDonald. The Pinsel is a more general flag yet, often for a lieutenant who does not have a title (in Scotland you can be a noble, have a title and yet not be a peer of the realm), but also used more widely. For example The Macneill of Barra flies his pinsel on Kismull Castle when he is not in residence.
Graham Bartram, 17 March 2004

All standards have rounded flies; they are split if the owner is of the rank of lord (lowest grade of the Scottish peerage, like the chief of Clan Fraser) or baron (holder of a Scottish feudal barony) or above, but unsplit otherwise. As noted in the leaflet, "The standards of non-baronial chiefs, or others who for special reasons  get standards, have round unsplit ends." There are many chiefs of clans (The Macmillan of Macmillan and Knap, for example) who are neither peers nor barons. (Before someone corrects me here, we're talking Scotland, not England. In Scotland, the lowest rank of the peerage is "Lord (or Lady) of Parliament." It is the equivalent of a baron in England or on the Continent. A Scottish baron is something else and of lower rank.)
Joe McMillan, 17 March 2004

The standards are so complicated that verbal descriptions don't work very well, but the usual composition of these things is:

Joe McMillan, 17 March 2004

I think it is quite common in Scotland for the standard to show the owner's arms rather than the saltire. Most of those I've seen follow this pattern.
Graham Bartram, 21 March 2004

I read somewhere recently that the system of putting the St. Andrew's cross in the hoist (or St. George's cross in England) generally pre-dates 1900 and that standards designed since then have normally had the owner's arms in the hoist. But, as with all matters heraldic, I'm sure there are exceptions.
Joe McMillan, 22 March 2004

In Scotland it is normal for a lieutenant to use his Chief's banner if he is representing him (this is why Scottish Lord Lieutenants fly the Scottish Royal Standard). The lieutenant can also use his chief's pinsel, a triangular flag which uses one of the livery colours as a background, has the clansman's badge in the hoist (the chief's crest surrounded by a belt (not a garter) on which is written the clan motto or slogan. The belt is itself surrounded by a band bearing the Chief's name or title and ensigned with the chief's coronet of rank (or a cap of maintenance for a feudal baron). In the fly is the plant badge of the clan over which is a ribbon (of the other livery colour) bearing the motto again. If a chief has a permanent lieutenant he can be granted his own guidon, a special short standard (2.4m long).

The chief himself has a banner (his arms on a square-ish flag) and a standard (a long tapering flag, 4.5m long for a baron). The standard normally has the chief's arms on the square nearest the host and narrows to a double rounded end. The rest of the standard usually shows the crest (the flaming mountain for Grant), the motto ("Stand Fast" for Grant) and the plant badge (a sprig of Scots Pine for Grant). It would have a fringe of the two livery colours (red and gold for Grant). The standard would normally be flown from his headquarters at the gathering, even if he is not personally present, whilst the banner would accompany his presence.
Graham Bartram, 11 October 2007


Definitions of Clan Insignia components

From "Scottish Clan & Family Encyclopedia":

THE BANNER: this is the personal flag of an armiger which shows the arms, as depicted on the shield, and nothing else. Conventionally, the design is placed on the flag as if the flagstaff were to the left of a drawing of the shield. Thus, a rampant animal is said to 'respect' the staff, an eagle displayed looks towards the staff and so on. The design should go through the fabric so that on the reverse side all the devices will be turned round but will still respect the staff. It is quite wrong to use a banner of a plain colour with the owner's arms on a shield in the middle. This implies that the arms are of that colour with a small inescutcheon in the centre. It is equally wrong to show the helmet, crest, motto and supporters on the banner. The purpose of a banner is to locate and identify its owner and it is the visual equivalent of his name. Flown over his house, it identifies his property; elsewhere, it indicates his presence. The size of a house banner will depend on the height of the building and the pole. It should be large enough to be identifiable from a reasonable distance. The best shape for a heraldic house flag is square, regardless of its size. A smaller banner may also be carried in processions, either by its owner or by his appointed bearer. Such a banner is usually made in fine fabric and may be fringed. Its proportions should be those of an upright rectangle about five wide by six deep.

THE PIPE BANNER: where an armiger has appointed a personal piper, he may provide him with a banner to be attached to the base drone of the pipes. The same applies to an armigerous corporation, and where such a body has a pipe band, the pipe major attaches the banner to his pipes. The pipe banner may take various forms but is always shaped with an angle at the top corresponding approximately to the angle of the drone on the piper's shoulder. It then hangs down behind him and may end in a swallow tail, a double rounded end or any other way suited to the arms. The arms themselves are shown in the same manner as on a personal banner but are commonly turned so that they are right way up when the pipes are being played. A certain amount of distortion is allowed to enable the artist to fit the arms into the odd shape. Pipe banners are also much used in the Highland regiments, where each company commanders' arms are borne on the pipes of the regimental band. Each regiment has its own tradition for the display of the arms and the regimental badge and these traditions are so well established as to  have become acceptable even when they do not conform to the strict rules of heraldry. A pipe banner may have a different design on either side and in this case it needs to be rendered opaque by including a layer of black fabric between the two sides. A fringe may be added to any pipe banner, either plain or of the appropriate tartan.

THE TRUMPET BANNER: rarely now called for, the trumpet banner consists of an approximately square banner of the arms, usually in very rich materials, fringed and tasselled according to taste and suspended from the trumpet by ribbons or straps. The arms are placed in such a way that the charges are right way up and facing away from the trumpeter when he is playing.

THE STREET BANNER: where the only available flagstaff is attached to the facade of a building, the usual house flag is sometimes unsuitable. The design is often obscured due to its being at an angle or the flag is partly furled when there is no wind or blown over the staff when the wind eddies round the building. The street banner can be adapted to overcome these difficulties. In shape, the street banner is very like a large pipe banner. The charges upon it however should look outwards away from the buildings. The heaviest fabric which is practical should be employed and stiffeners may be sewn into the hems or fringes attached to the staff. A smaller form of the street banner may also be used for internal decoration, as for example in the great hall of a castle.

THE GONFANNON: also known as a gonfalon, this is the form of banner often associated with the church where it is used in processions. Its essential feature is that it hangs from a horizontal bar which may in turn be suspended from a carrying staff. Not all church gonfannons are heraldic and may have highly decorated pictorial designs. Heraldic gonfannons are particularly suited to the internal decoration of historic buildings with arms appropriate to the people and events associated with them. The gonfannon is capable of a variety of interpretations, the simpler the better. A rectangular upright banner of the arms with long tails of the livery colours is recommended.

THE LIVERY PENNON: the livery pennon is a very simple flag consisting of the tinctures of the field and the principle charge in the arms arranged on a long streamer parted horizontally and tapering to a point. Such a pennon has a practical value as a storm flag when, in high winds and rain, an expensive heraldic flag might quickly deteriorate. The livery pennon spaced along an avenue or around a games ground in an economical means of heraldically based decoration.

SPECIAL HERALDIC FLAGS: all flags described so far may be used by any armiger. However, there are flags which are authorised specially by the Lord Lyon and are blazoned in the grant or matriculation of arms. These are the standard, guidon, pinsel and pennon, all of which are fully described in the glossary.

STANDARD (p. 490): a long, narrow, tapering flag, granted by the Lord Lyon only to those who have a following, such as clan chiefs. As a 'headquarters' flag, its principle use is to mark the gathering point or headquarters of the clan, family or following and does not necessarily denote the presence of the standard's owner as his personal banner does. The standards of peers and barons have their ends split and rounded; for others the end is unsplit and rounded. At the hoist, the standard usually shows the owner's arms, though some are still granted with the former practice of having the national saltire in the hoist. The remainder of the flag is horizontally divided into two tracts of the livery colours for chiefs of clans or families, three tracts for very major branch-chieftains and four for others. Upon this background are usually displayed the owner's crest and heraldic badges, separated by transverse bands bearing the owner's motto or slogan. The whole flag is fringed with alternating pieces of the livery colours. The length of the standard varies according to the rank of its owner, as follows:

On rare occasions, a uniform length of standard for a decorative display may be laid down by the Lord Lyon.

GUIDON (p. 486): a long flag similar in shape to the standard. The guidon is eight feet long and is assigned by the Lord Lyon to non-baronial lairds who have a following. It tapers to a round, unsplit end at the fly and has a background of the livery colours of its owner's arms. The owner's crest or badge is shown in the hoist and his motto or slogan is lettered horizontally in the fly.

PINSEL (p. 489): a small triangular flag granted by the Lord Lyon only to chiefs or very special chieftain-barons for practical use to denote a person to whom the chief has delegated authority to act in his absence on a particular occasion. The flag is 4 feet 6 inches long by 2 feet high, with a background of the main livery colour of the chief's arms. On it is depicted his crest within a strap and buckle bearing the motto and outside the strap and buckle a circlet inscribed with his title. On top of the circlet is set his coronet of rank or baronial chapeau if any. In the fly is shown the plant badge and a scroll with his slogan or motto. See also descriptions of clan pinsels.

PENNON (p. 489): strictly, a small guidon, four feet long, which, nowadays, is very rarely assigned. This term, however, is more commonly used to refer to a long triangular flag borne at the end of a lance or spear, or flown from the mast of a ship.

Randy Young, 18 March 2004


Description of Clan Standards

The following descriptions of Scottish clan standards are based on the book "Scottish Clan & Family Encyclopedia."  See also descriptions of clan pinsels.
Randy Young, 31 March 2004

Lest there be any confusion about terminology, the descriptions that  refer to crests and badges as if they were interchangeable are not wrong in this case. Scottish clans generally have two badges: a crest badge and a plant badge. The crest badge is the crest from the chief's coat of arms; it can be used by members of the clan when encircled by a strap and buckle inscribed with the clan slogan (war cry) or motto. The chief himself uses it surrounded by a circlet.

The plant badge also often appears on standards of the clan chiefs. In Highland regalia, a silver version of the crest badge is worn pinned to the bonnet (cap) with a sprig of the plant badge behind it. Chiefs, chieftains, etc., add eagle feathers behind the badge as well, depending on their rank.
Joe McMillan, 2 April 2004

AGNEW
see: Clan Agnew

ANSTRUTHER
Azure, a St. Andrew's Cross Argent in the hoist and of two tracts Sable and Argent, upon which is depicted the Crest [two arms in armour holding a pole-axe with both hands gauntleted Proper] issuant from a coronet Or in the first compartment, two daggers in saltire Argent handled Sable environed of a crest coronet Or in the second compartment, and a sprig of olive slipped and leaved Proper in the third compartment, along with the Slogan 'Castle Dreel' in letters Argent upon two transverse bands Gules.
Randy Young
, 17 March 2004

ARBUTHNOTT
The Arms of Arbuthnott of that Ilk [Azure, a crescent between three mullets Argent] in the hoist and of two tracts Azure and Argent, upon which is depicted the Badge [a peacock's head couped at the neck issuant from a chaplet of peacock's feathers all Proper banded at the base with a riband Azure doubled Argent, and ensigned of a Viscount's coronet] three times alongw ith the Motto 'Laus deo' in letters Argent upon two transverse bands Vert.
Randy Young
, 17 March 2004

BARCLAY
Azure, a St. Andrew's Cross Argent in the hoist and of two tracts Azure and Or, upon which is depicted the Crest [on a chapeau Azure doubled Ermine, a hand holding a dagger Proper] three times along with the Motto 'Aut agere aut mori' in letters Gules upon two transverse bands Argent.
Randy Young
, 17 March 2004

BORTHWICK
Azure, a St. Andrew's Cross Argent in the hoist and of two tracts Argent and Sable, upon which is depicted the Crest [a moor's head couped Proper wreathed Argent and Sable] upon a chapeau Gules furred Ermine in the first compartment and the Badge [an angel Proper winged Or holding in the dexter hand a cinquefoil Sable] in the second compartment, along with the Motto 'Qui conducit' in letters Sable upon a transverse band Or.
Randy Young
, 17 March 2004

BOYD
Azure, a fess chequy Argent and Gules in the hoist and of two tracts Azure and Argent, upon which is depicted the Badge [a fan of laurel leaves Proper set behind a dexter hand erect in pale having the two outer fingers bowed inwards] on a wreath Argent and Gules along with the Motto 'Confido' extended in the fly in letters Gules.
Randy Young
, 17 March 2004

BRUCE
The Arms of the Earl of Elgin and Kincardine [Or, a saltire and chief Gules, on a canton Argent a lion rampant Azure armed and langued of the Second] in the hoist and of two tracts Gules and Or, upon which is depicted the Crest [a lion statant Azure armed and langued Gules] twice along with the Motto 'Fuimus' in letters Or upon a transverse band Sable.
Randy Young
, 17 March 2004

BUCHAN
The Arms of Buchan of Auchmacoy [Argent, three lion's heads erased Sable langued Gules] in the hoist and of two tracts Argent and Sable, upon which is depicted the Badge [an eagle displayed Azure, on its head a chapeau Gules doubled Ermine, armed, beaked, and membered Or, holding in its claws an escutcheon of theArms of Buchan of Auchmacoy, and in each claw a sunflower slipped and leaved Proper] three times along with the Motto 'Non inferiora secutus' in letters Argent upon two transverse bands Gules.
Randy Young
, 17 March 2004

BURNETT
The Arms [Argent, three holly leaves in chief Vert, a hunting horn inbase Sable, garnished Or, stringed Gules] in the hoist and of two tracts Argent and Vert, upon which is depicted the Crest [on a chapeau Gules furred Ermine, a cubit arm, the hand naked, vested Vert doubled Argent, pruning a vine tree with a pruning knife Proper] three times along with the Motto 'Virescit vulnere virtus' in letters Argent upon two transverse bands Sable.
Randy Young
, 17 March 2004

CAMERON
See Clan Cameron page

CAMPBELL
The Arms of Campbell [gyronny of eight Or and Sable] in the hoist and of the Livery Sable semée of salmon naiant Argent, upon which is depicted the Crest [a boar's head fessways erased Or, armed Argent, langued Gules] upon a Wreath of Colours along with the Motto 'Cruachan' extended in the fly in letters Or and in the tail of the fly a sprig of bog myrtle Proper.
See also: Campell http://www.heraldry-scotland.co.uk/Westhighland.htm - Note that not only is the fly a solid color, but the tail is not split even though the chief of the Campbells is the Duke of Argyll, one of the highest ranking peers of the kingdom.
Randy Young
, 17 March 2004

CARMICHAEL
Azure, a St. Andrew's Cross Argent in the hoist and of two tracts Argent and Azure, upon which is depicted the Crest [upon a wreath of colours a dexter hand and arm in pale armed and holding a broken spear Proper] in the first and third compartments and the Badge [a horse of war Argent furnished Gules within a circular wreath Azure and Gules] in the centre compartment along with the Motto 'Tout jour prest' in letters Argent upon two transverse bands Gules.
Randy Young
, 17 March 2004

CHATTAN
The Arms [Quarterly, 1st, Or a lion rampant Gules (Macduff); 2nd, Argent, a dexter hand couped fessways holding a heart in pale, Gules, a label Azure in chief charged with three bulls' heads cabossed of the First for difference (Mackintosh); 3rd, Azure, a boar's head couped Or, armed Proper, langed Gules; 4th, Or, a lymphad, sails furled, oars in saltire Azure, flagged Gules (Clan Chattan); overall an inescutcheon en surtout charged as the Fourth (for Captain or Chief of Clan Chattan)] in the hoist and of two tracts Or and Azure, upon which is depicted the Badge [a demi-highlandman attired in a helmet Proper and jacket of the tartan of the Chief of Clan Chattan holding in his dexter hand a Lochaber axe Proper, and on his sinister arm a highland targe Proper, its boss emblazoned with the Arms as on the inescutcheon] in the first compartment, the Crest [a cat salient Proper] in the second compartment, and a sprig of red whortleberry in the third compartment, along with the Slughorn 'Clann Chattan' in letters Or upon two transverse bands Gules.
Randy Young
, 17 March 2004

CHISHOLM
Azure, a St. Andrew's Cross Argent in the hoist and of two tracts Gules and Or, upon which is depicted the Badge [a leaf of fern Proper set in a chapeau Gules furred Ermine] along with the Motto 'Feros ferio' extended in the fly in letters Azure.
Randy Young
, 17 March 2004

COLQUHOUN
The Arms [Argent, a saltire engrailed Sable, upon a canton of the First a dexter hand Gules] in the hoist and of two tracts Argent and Sable, upon which is depicted the Badge [a branch of hazel slipped Proper and fructed Or enfiled of a buckle Argent, jewelled Gules (in allusion to the office of hereditary Coroner of the County of Dumbarton)] in the first and third compartments and the Crest [a hart's head couped Gules, attired Argent, upon a Wreath of Colours] in the second compartment, along with the Slogan 'Cnoc Ealachain' in letters Argent upon two transverse bands Gules.
Randy Young
, 17 March 2004

CRANSTOUN
Azure, a St. Andrew's Cross Argent in the hoist and of two tracts Gules and Argent, upon which is depicted the Crest [upon a Wreath of Colours, a crane Proper dormant holding a stone in her claw] three times along with the Motto 'Thou shalt want ere I want' in letters Or upon two transverse bands Sable.
Randy Young
, 17 March 2004

DEWAR
The Arms of Dewar of that Ilk [Or, a chief Azure] in the hoist and of two tracts Or and Azure, upon which is depicted the Crest [issuant from a Crest-coronet Or of four (three visible) strawberry leaves, a dexter arm vambraced, brandishing a sword Proper, hilted and pommelled Or] in the first and third compartments and the Badge [within a mascle Azure an anchor in pale with a serpent twisted about the shank, his head reared above the top of the same, Proper] in the second compartment along with the Motto 'Quid non pro patria' in letters Or upon two transverse bands Sable. (p.118-119)
Randy Young
, 17 March 2004

DRUMMOND
Azure, a St. Andrew's Cross Argent in the hoist and of two tracts Or and Gules semée of caltrops Argent, upon which is depicted the Crest [on a crest coronet Or, a goshawk, wings displayed Proper, armed and belled Or, jessed Gules] in the first compartment, the sleuth-hound Badge [a sleuth-hound passant Argent, collard and leashed Gules (the leash shown reflexed over its back)] in the second compartment, and a holly leaf Proper in the third compartment, along with the Motto 'Gang warily' in letters Or upon two transverse bands wavy Sable. (p.120-121)
Randy Young
, 17 March 2004

DUNBAR
The Arms of Dunbar of Mochrum [Gules, a lion rampant Argent, armed and langued Azure, within a bordure of the Second charged with eight roses of the First, barbed and seeded Vert, in the canton the arms of Nova Scotia] in the hoist and of two tracts Argent and Gules, upon which is depicted the Badge [a lion sejant guardant Argent, armed and langued Azure, upon a mount Vert, grasping with his dexter paw the stem of a rosebush Vert displaying eight roses Gules] in the first and third compartments and the Crest [a horse's head Argent, bridled and reined Gules] in the second and fourth compartments, along with the Motto 'Candoris praemium honos' in letters Argent upon three transverse bands Vert. (p.122-123)
Randy Young
, 17 March 2004

ELIOTT
The Arms [Gules, on a bend Or a baton Azure] in the hoist and of two tracts Gules and Or, upon which is depicted the Crest [a hand couped at the wrist in armour holding a cutlass in bend Proper] three times along with the Motto 'Soyez sage' in letters Or upon two transverse bands Azure. (p.128-129)
Randy Young
, 17 March 2004

ERSKINE
Azure, a St. Andrew's Cross Argent in the hoist and of two tracts Argent and Sable, upon which is depicted the Crest for Kellie [on a chapeau Gules furred Ermine, a demi-lion rampant guardant Gules, langued Azure, armed Argent] in the first and third compartments and the Crest for Erskine [on a chapeau Gules furred Ermine, a hand holding up a skene in pale Argent, hilted and pommelled Or] the blade of the skene environed of the circlet of an Earl's cornoet Proper in the second compartment, along with the Motto 'Je pense plus' in letters Or upon two transverse bands Azure. (p.132-133)
Randy Young
, 17 March 2004

FARQUHARSON
The Arms of Farquharson of Invercauld [Quarterly, 1st & 4th, Or, a lion rampant Gules, armed and langued Azure (for Farquhar Shaw, descended from MacDuff, Earl of Fife); 2nd & 3rd, Argent, a fir tree growing out of a mount in base Vert, seeded Proper, on a chief Gules the Banner of Scotland displayed Or, and a canton of the First charged with a dexter hand couped at the wrist fessways holding a dagger point downwards of the Third] in the hoist and of two tracts Or and Gules, upon which is depicted a sprig of Scots fir Proper in the first and third compartments and the Crest [on a chapeau Gules furred Ermine, a demi-lion Gules holding in his dexter paw a sword Proper], badgeways, in the second compartment, along with the Slughorn 'Carn-na-cuimhne' in letters Vert upon two transverse bands Argent. (p.134-135).
Randy Young
, 17 March 2004

FERGUSSON
The Arms of Fergusson of Kilkerran [Azure, a buckle Argent between three boars' heads couped Or, in the canton the Arms of Nova Scotia] in the hoist and of two tracts Or and Azure, upon which is depicted the Badge [a thistle Proper and a poplar sprig, both slipped Proper, surmounted of an estoile of six rays waved Argent, and in chief thereof a bee volant, the wings expanded Proper] in the first and third compartments and the Crest [upon a chapeau Gules furred Ermine, a be on a thistle Proper] in the second compartment, along with the Motto 'Dulcius ex asperis' in letters Azure upon two transverse bands Argent. (p.136-137)
Randy Young
, 17 March 2004

FORSYTH
The Arms [Argent, a chevron engrailed Gules between three griffins segreant Azure, armed and membered Sable, crowned Or] in the hoist and of two tracts Gules and Argent, upon which is depicted the Crest [a griffin segreant Azure, armed and membered Sable, crowned Or] three times along with the Motto 'Instaurator ruinae' in letters Or upon two transverse bands Sable. (p.140-141)
Randy Young
, 17 March 2004

FRASER
see: Clan Fraser

GORDON (pp.146-147)
"Azure, a St. Andrew's Cross Argent in the hoist and of two tracts Azure and Or, upon which is depicted the Badge [a stag's head (affrontée) issuant from a crest coronet Or as in the Crest, all within a chaplet of rock ivy Proper ensigned with the coronet of a Marquess] in the first compartment and five leaves of rock ivy Proper, one in the (bottom right corner of the) first compartment and two each in the second and third compartments along with the Mottoes 'An Gordonach' and 'Bydand' in letters Or upon two transverse bands Gules."
Randy Young
, 3 September 2004

GRANT (pp.150-151)
"The Arms of Grant of that Ilk [Gules, three antique crowns Or] in the hoist and of two tracts Gules and Or, upon which is depicted the Crest [a burning hill Proper] in the first compartment, and the Badge [a sprig of Scots pine fructed Proper environed of the circlet of a Baron's coronet] in the second and third compartments, along with the Slughorn 'Craig Elachie' in letters Or upon two transverse bands Vert."
Randy Young
, 3 September 2004

GRIERSON (pp.152-153)
"Azure, a St. Andrew's Cross Argent in the hoist and of two tracts Or and Gules, upon which is depicted three times the Crest [a fetterlock Argent] upon a chapeau Azure furred Ermine, along with the Motto 'Hoc securior' in letters Argent upon two transverse bands Azure."
Randy Young
, 3 September 2004

HANNAY (pp.162-163)
"Azure, a St. Andrew's Cross Argent in the hoist and of two tracts Argent and Azure, upon which is depicted the Badge [a roebuck's head couped Azure, collared Or with bell thereto pendent Gules] in the first and third compartments, and the Crest [a cross crosslet fitchée issuing out of a crescent Sable] in the second compartment, along with the Motto 'Per ardua ad alta' in letters Or upon two transverse bands Gules."
Randy Young
, 3 September 2004

HAY (pp.164-165)
"Azure, a St. Andrew's Cross Argent in the hoist and of two tracts Gules and Or semée of mistletoe Proper, which is depicted the Badge of the Lord High Constable of Scotland [two arms vambraced issuing out of clouds and gauntleted Proper, each holding a sword erect in pale Argent, hilted and pommelled Or], ensigned of an Earl's coronet Proper, in the first compartment, the Crest [issuing out of a Crest Coronet a falcon volant Proper, armed, jessed and belled Or] in the second compartment, and the Badge [an ox yoke Proper, bows Gules ensigned of an Earl's coronet Proper] in the third compartment, along with the Motto 'Serva jugum' in letters Gules upon two transverse bands Or.
Randy Young
, 3 September 2004

HENDERSON (pp.166-167)
"Azure, a St. Andrew's Cross Argent in the hoist and of two tracts Or and Sable, upon which is depicted the Crest [a cubit arm Proper the hand holding an estoile Or surmounted by a crescent Azure] three times along with the Motto 'Sola virtus nobilitat' in letters Argent upon two transverse bands Azure."
Randy Young
, 3 September 2004

HUNTER (pp.172-173)
"The Arms of Hunter of Hunterston [Or, three hunting horns Vert, garnish and stringed Gules] in the hoist and of two tracts Or and Vert, upon which is depicted the Crest [a greyhound sejant Proper, gorged with an antique crown Or] three times along with the Motto 'Cursum perficio' in letters Or upon two transverse bands Gules."
Randy Young
, 3 September 2004

JARDINE (pp.176-177)
"The Arms [Argent, a saltire Gules, on a chief of the Last three mullets of the First pierced of the Second] in the hoist and of two tracts Argent and Gules, upon which is depicted a sprig of apple-blossom in the first and third compartments, and the Crest [a spur rowel of six points Proper] in the centre compartment, along with the Motto 'Cave adsum' in letters Or upon two transverse bands Sable."
Randy Young
, 3 September 2004

JOHNSTONE (pp.178-179)
"Azure, a St. Andrew's Cross Argent in the hoist and of the Livery Sable, upon which is depicted a winged spur Or along with the Slogan 'Lochwood' extended in the fly in letters Argent, and in the tail of the fly a sprig of red hawthorn."
Randy Young
, 3 September 2004

KEITH (pp.180-181)
"Azure, a St. Andrew's Cross Argent in the hoist and of two tracts Argent and Gules, upon which is depicted the dexter Crest [on a Wreath Or and Gules, a noble lady from the middle richly attired holding in her right hand a garland of laurel Proper (Earldom of Kintore)], ensigned of an Earl's coronet Proper, in the first and third compartments, and the sinister Crest [out of a Crest Coronet Or, a roebuck's head Proper, attired Or (Keith)], ensigned of an Earl's coronet Proper, in the second compartment, along with the Motto 'Veritas vincit' in letters Gules upon two transverse bands Or."
Randy Young
, 3 September 2004

KERR (pp.184-185)
"The Arms [Quarterly, 1st & 4th, Azure, the sun in his splendour Or (for the Peerage of Lothian); 2nd & 3rd, Gules, on a chevron Argent, three mullets of the Field (Kerr)] in the hoist and of two tracts Argent and Gules, upon which is depicted three times the Badge [a Kerr knot Or] ensigned of a Marquess' coronet Proper, along with the Motto 'Forward in the name of God' in letters Argent upon two transverse bands Azure."
Randy Young
, 3 September 2004

KINCAID (pp.186-187)
"Azure, a St. Andrew's Cross Argent in the hoist and of two tracts Argent and Gules, upon which is depicted three times the Crest [a triple towered castle Argent, masoned Sable, and issuing from the centre towera dexter arm from the shoulder embowed, vested in the proper tartan of Kincaid and grasping a drawn sword all Proper] upon a chapeau Azure furred Ermine along with the Motto 'This I'll defend' in letters Argent upon two transverse bands Azure."
Randy Young
, 3 September 2004

LAMONT (pp.188-189)
"The Arms [Azure, a lion rampant Argent, armed and langued Gules] in the hoist and of two tracts Azure and Argent, upon which is depicted the Crest [upon a wreath of colours, a dexter hand couped at the wrist Proper] in the first compartment and the Badge [a sprig of crab-apple slipped Proper] in the second compartment, with the Slogan 'Ardlamont' in letters Argent upon a transverse band Gules."
Randy Young
, 3 September 2004

LENNOX (pp.192-193)
"Azure, a St. Andrew's Cross Argent in the hoist and of two tracts Argent and Gules, upon which is depicted the Crest [two broadswords in saltire behind a swan's head and neck all Proper], upon a chapeau Azure furred Ermine, in the first compartment, and a rose Gules in the second compartment, along with the Motto 'I'll defend' in letters Argent upon a transverse band Azure."
Randy Young
, 3 September 2004

LESLIE (pp.194-195)
"The Arms of Leslie [Argent, on a bend Azure three buckles Or] in the hoist and of two tracts Azure and Argent, upon which is depicted the Badge [a buckle Or surmounting two sprigs of rue saltireways Proper] in the first and third compartments and the Crest [a demi griffin Proper, beaked, armed and winged Or] in the second compartment, along with the Motto 'Grip fast' in the letters Azure upon two transverse bands Or."
Randy Young
, 3 September 2004

LOCKHART (pp.198-199)
"The Arms of Lockhart of the Lee [Argent, a heart Gules within a fetterlock Sable, on a Chief Azure three boar's heads erased of the First] in the hoist and of two tracts Argent and Gules, upon which is depicted the Badge [a heart Gules within a fetterlock Sable, in front of three feathers Gules, Argent and Sable] in the first and third compartments and the Crest [on a chapeau Gules furred Ermine a boar's head erased Argent, langued Gules] in the second compartment, along with the Motto 'Corda serrata pando' in letters Argent upon two transverse bands Sable."
Randy Young
, 3 September 2004

LUMSDEN (pp.200-201)
"The Arms [Azure, on a chevron between three mullets Or, a buckle of the First] in the hoist and of two tracts Or and Azure, upon which is depicted the Crest of Lumsden of that Ilk [issuant from a crest coronet Or a naked arm grasping a sword Proper] in the first and third compartments and the Crest of Lumsden of Blanerne [an earne devouring a salmon Proper] in the second compartment, along with the Motto 'Amor patitur moras' in letters Or upon two transverse bands Gules."
Randy Young
, 3 September 2004

LYON (pp.202-203)
"Azure, a St. Andrew's Cross Argent in the hoist and of two tracts Argent and Azure, upon which is depicted the Crest [within a garland of bay leaves, a lady from the middle richly attired holding in her dexter hand a thistle all Proper (in allusion to the alliance of Sir John Lyon with Princess Jean, daughter of King Robert II)] in the first compartment, the 1st Badge [a lady's head and shoulders affrontée within a chaplet from which issues trefoils, all Proper] in the second compartment, and the 2nd Badge [within a chaplet a square tower Proper, masoned Sable, windows and port Azure] in the third compartment, along with the Motto 'In te domine speravi' in letters Or upon two transverse bands Gules."
Randy Young
, 3 September 2004

MACBAIN
The Arms [Quarterly, 1st, Or, a lion rampant Gules; 2nd, Argent, a dexter hand couped in pale Gules; 3rd, Argent, a sword in pale Proper; 4th, Or, a lymphad Azure sails furled Proper, oars in saltire Gules flagged of the last] in the hoist, of this livery Azure upon which is depicted the Badge [A grey demi-cat-a-mountain salient, on his sinister foreleg a Highland targe Gules, within a chaplet of boxwood Proper] along with the word 'Kinchyle' expanded in the fly in letters Or. (pp.206-207)
Randy Young
, 17 January 2004

MACDONALD OF MACDONALD
The Arms [Quarterly, 1st, Argent, a lion rampant Gules, armoed and langued Azure; 2nd, Or, a hand in armour fessways holding a cross crosslet fitchée Gules; 3rd, Or, a lymphad sails furled and oars in action Sable, flagged Gules; 4th, Vert, a salmon naiant in fess Proper; overall on an inescutcheon en surtout Or, an eagle displayed Gules surmounted of a lymphad, sails furled, oars in action Sable] in the hoist and of two tracts Or and Gules, upon which is depicted the Badge [An eagle displayed Gules, armed and beaked Sable, having a Chapeau Gules furred Ermine, holding in its talons an escutcheon Or charged with an eagle displayed Gules, surmounted of a lymphad, sails furled, oars in action Sable] in the first compartment, the Crest [On a crest coronet Or, a hand in armor fessways couped at the elbow Proper holding a cross crosslet fitchée Gules] in the second compartment, and a sprig of heather Proper in the third compartment, along with the Slogan 'Fraoch Eilean' (Heathery island) in letters Or upon two transverse bands Sable. (pp. 208-209)
Randy Young
, 17 January 2004

MACDONALD OF CLANRANALD
The Arms of Macdonald of Clanranald [Quarterly, 1st, Argent, a lion rampant Gules, armed Or; 2nd, Or, a dexter hand couped in fess holding a cross crosslet fitchée in pale all Gules; 3rd, Or, a lymphad her oars saltireways Sable, and the base undy Vert a salmon naiant Argent; 4th, Argent, an oak tree Vert surmounted of an eagle displayed Or] in the hoist and of two tracts Argent and Gules, upon which is depicted the Crest [A triple-towered castle Argent masoned Sable, and issuing from the centre tower a dexter arm in armour embowed grasping a sword all Proper] in the first and second compartments, and two sprigs of common heather in the third compartment, along with the motto 'Dh' aindeòin cò theireadh e' (Gainsay who dare) in letters Gules upon two transverse bands Argent. (pp.210-211)
Randy Young
, 17 January 2004

MACDOUGALL
The Arms [Quarterly, 1st & 4th, Azure, a lion rampant Argent, armed and langued Gules; 2nd & 3rd, Or, a lymphad Sable, sails furled and a beacon on the topmast Proper] in the hoist and of two tracts Azure and Argent, upon which is depicted the Badge [A demi-lion rampant Azure, langued Gules and imperially crowned Or issuant from a chaplet of bell heather] in the first and third compartments and the Crest [A dexter arm in armour embowed fessways couped Proper, holding a cross crosslet fitchée erect Gules] in the second compartment, along with the Motto 'Buaidh no bas' (To conquer or die) in letters Azure upon two transverse bands Or. (pp.216-217)
Randy Young
, 17 January 2004

MACDOWALL
Azure, a St. Andrew's Cross Argent in the hoist and of two tracts Azure and Argent, upon which is depicted the Badge [A lion's paw erased and erect Proper holding a dagger point upwards Proper, hilted and pommelled Or] three times along with the Motto 'Vincere vel mori' (To conquer or die) in letters Azure upon two transverse bands Or. (pp.218-219)
Randy Young
, 17 January 2004

MACGREGOR
Azure, a St. Andrew's Cross Argent in the hoist and of two tracts Argent and Azure, upon which is depicted the Crest [A lion's head erased Proper, crowned with an antique crown Or] three times along with the Motto ''S rioghal mo dhream' (My race is royal) in letters Or upon two transverse bands Gules. (pp.220-221)
Randy Young
, 17 January 2004

MACINTYRE
Azure, a St. Andrew's Cross Argent in the hoist and of two tracts Gules and Or, upon which is depicted Crest [A dexter hand holding a dagger in pale Proper] along with the Motto 'Per ardua' (Through difficulties) extended in the fly in letters Sable. (pp.222-223)
Randy Young
, 17 January 2004

MACKAY
The Arms [Azure, on a chevron Argent, between three boars' heads couped of the Second, muzzled Gules, a roebuck's head erased between two hands grasping daggers, the points turned toward the buck's head all Proper] in the hoist and of two tracts Azure and Argent, upon which is depicted the Crest [A dexter arm erect couped at the elbow the hand grasping a dagger also erect all Proper] in the first compartment, and the Badge [A great bullrush Proper] in the second and third compartments, along with the Slogan 'Bratach ban Mhic Aoidh' in letters Argent upon two transverse bands Gules. (pp.224-225)
Randy Young
, 17 January 2004

MACKENZIE
Azure, a St. Andrew's Cross Argent in the hoist and of the Livery Azure, upon which is depicted the Badge [A stag's head cabossed Or] along with the words 'Cuidich 'n righ' extended in the fly in letters Argent. (pp.226-227)
Randy Young
, 17 January 2004

MACKINTOSH
The Arms [Quarterly, 1st, Or, a lion rampant Gules, armed and langued Azure; 2nd, Argent, a dexter hand couped fessways grasping a man's heart paleways Gules; 3rd, Azure, a boar's head couped Or, armed Proper and langued Gules; 4th, Or, a lymphad sails furled Azure, flagged and surmounted of her oars in saltire Gules] in the hoist and of two tracts Or and Gules, upon which is depicted the Crest [A cat-a-mountain salient guardant Proper] in the first compartment, and a sprig of red whortleberry in the second and third compartments, along with the Slughorn 'Loch Moigh' in letters Or upon two transverse bands Azure. (pp.230-231)
Randy Young
, 17 January 2004

MACLAREN
In the hoist, Azure, a saltire Argent, impaled with the Arms of MacLaren [Or, two chevronels Gules, accompanied by a lymphad sails furled and oars in action Sable in base], of this Livery Gules upon which is depicted the Badge [A mermaid Proper, her tail part upended Argent, holding in her dexter hand a spray of laurel paleways Vert, and in her sinister hand a looking-glass Proper, mounted Gules] along with the Slughorn 'Creag an Tuirc' (The boar's rock) extended in the fly in letters Or. (pp.236-237)
Randy Young
, 17 January 2004

MACLENNAN
The Arms [Or, a heart Gules between two passion nails conjoined in base Sable, on a chief Azure a stag's head cabossed between two antique crowns, all of the First] in the hoist and of two tracts Sable and Or, upon which is depicted the Crest [A demi-piper all Proper, garbed in the proper tartan of the Clan MacLennan] in the first and third compartments and a sprig of furze in the second compartment, along with the Morro 'Dum spiro spero' (While I breathe I hope) in letters Argent upon two transverse bands Vert. (pp.240-241)
Randy Young
, 17 January 2004

MACLEOD
The Arms [Quarterly, 1st & 4th, Azure, a castle triple-towered and embattled Argent, masoned Sable, windows and porch Gules (MacLeod of that Ilk); 2nd & 3rd, Gules, three legs in armour Proper, garnished and spurred Or, flexed and conjoined in triangle at the upper part of the thigh (Royal House of Man)] in the hoist and of two tracts Azure and Argent, upon which is depicted the Badge [A bull's head Sable, horned Or, between two flags Gules, staved of the First, within a chaplet of juniper Proper, ensigned of a chapeau Gules furred Ermine] in the first and third compartments, and the Crest [A bull's head cabossed Sable, horned Or, between two flags Gules, staved of the First] in the second compartment, along with the Motto 'Hold fast' in letters Argent upon two transverse bands Gules. (pp.242-245)
Randy Young
, 17 January 2004

MACMILLAN
Azure, a St. Andrew's Cross Argent in the hoist and of the Livery Or, upon which is depicted the Badge [A lion's head erased Sable gorged with a collar Or charged with three mullets Azure] along with the Slogan 'Chnap' extended in the fly in letters Sable. (pp.246-247)
Randy Young
, 17 January 2004

MACNAB
The Arms [Sable, on a chevron Argent three crescents Vert, in base an open boat with oars in action on a sea in base undy, Argent and Azure] in the hoist and of two tracts Sable and Argent, upon which is depicted the Crest [Upon a wreath of colours, the head of a savage affrontée Proper] in the first compartment and a spray of stone-bramble in the second compartment, along with the Slogan 'Bovain' in letters Argent upon a transverse band Vert. (pp.248-249)
Randy Young
, 17 January 2004

MACNAGHTEN
The Arms [Quarterly, 1st & 4th, Argent, a dexter hand fessways Proper holding a cross crosslet fitchée Azure; 2nd & 3rd, Argent, a tower embattled Gules] in the hoist and of two tracts Argent and Azure, upon which is depicted the Crest [Upon a wreath of colours, a tower embattled Gules] in the first compartment and the Badge [A sprig of trailing azalea Proper] in the second and third compartments, along with the Motto 'I hoip in God' in letters Argent upon two transverse bands Gules. (pp.250-251)
Randy Young
, 17 January 2004

MACNEACAIL
The Arms [Or, a chevron between three hawk's heads erased Gules] in the hoist and of two tracts Or and Gules, upon which is depicted the Badge [A hawk's leg Gules belled and jessed Or] in the first compartment, the Crest [A hawk's head erased Gules] in the second compartment and the Plant Badge (a slip of bramble in flower Proper) in the third compartment along with the motto 'Scorrybreac' in letters Or upon two transverse bands Sable. (pp.252-253)
Randy Young
, 17 January 2004

MACNEIL
The Arms [Quarterly, 1st, Vert, a lion rampant Or; 2nd, Argent, issuing from a sea in base, a triple-towered castle Proper; 3rd, Or, a lymphad sail furled oars in action Sable, flagged Gules; 4th, Or, a dexter hand erect couped within an orle of nine fetterlocks Gules] in the hoist and of two tracts Vert and Or, upon which is depicted the Crest [On a chapeau Gules furred Ermine, a rock Proper] in the first compartment, and in the second and third compartments a sprig of dryas, slipped and leaved Proper, showing two dryas flowers of eight petals, along with the Motto 'Buaidh no bas' (To conquer or die) in letters Or upon two transverse bands Gules. (pp.254-255)
Randy Young
, 17 January 2004

MACPHERSON
The Arms [Parted per fess Or and Azure, a lymphad of the First, sails furled, oars in action and tackling all Proper, flag and pennon flying Gules, in dexter canton a dexter hand fessways couped holding a dagger erect, in sinister canton a cross crosslet fitchée all of the Third] in the hoist and of two tracts Or and Azure, upon which is depicted the Crest [A cat sejant Proper] three times along with the Slughorn 'Creag Dhu' in letters Or upon two transverse bands Gules, accompanied by two sprigs of heather Proper in the fly. (pp.256-257)
Randy Young
, 17 January 2004

MACTHOMAS
Azure, a St. Andrew's Cross Argent in hoist and of two tracts Gules and Or, upon which is depicted a sprig of snowberry Proper in the first and third compartments and the Crest [A demi-cat-a-mountain rampant guardant Proper, grasping in his dexter paw a serpent Vert, langued Gules, its tail environing the sinister paw] in the second compartment, along with the Motto 'Clach na coileach' (The stone of the cock) in letters Or upon two transverse bands Sable. (pp.258-259)
Randy Young
, 17 January 2004

MAITLAND
The Arms [Or, a lion rampant Gules couped at all his joints of the Field, within a double tressure flory counterflory Azure] in the hoist and of two tracts Gules and Or, upon which is depicted the Crest [A lion sejant affrontée Gules, ducally crowned Proper, in his dexter paw a sword Proper hilted and pommelled Or, in his sinister a fleur de lis Azure] in the first and third compartments, and a sprig of honeysuckle Proper in the second compartment, along with the Motto 'Consilio et animis' [By wisdom and courage] in letters Or, upon two transverse bands Sable. (pp.260-261)
Randy Young
, 1 February 2004

MAR
Azure, a St. Andrew's Cross Argent in the hoist and of two tracts Or and Azure, upon which is depicted the Badge [A demi-nobleman, bearded Proper, in robes Gules furred Ermine, with a conical hat Gules furred Ermine, embellished with a tall feather Or, quilled Azure, within an oval chaplet of Scots fir banded of ribbands Azure and Or, and ensigned with the comital coronet of Mar] in the first compartment, and the Crest [On a chapeau Gules furred Ermine, two wings, each of ten pen feathers, erected and addorsed, both blazoned as in the Arms (Azure, a bend between six cross crosslets fitchée Or)] in the second and third compartments, along with the Motto 'Pans plus' [Think more] in letters Azure upon two transverse bands Argent. (pp.266-267)
Randy Young
, 1 February 2004

MATHESON
The Arms [Gyronny of eight Sable and Gules, a lion rampant Or, armed and langued Azure] in the hoist and of two tracts Gules and Sable, upon which is depicted the Crest [Issuant from an antique crown Or, a hand brandishing a scimitar fessways all Proper] in the first compartment and in the second compartment a rose of four petals Or, barbed Vert and seeded Gules, along with the word 'O'Chian' in letters Sable upon a transverse band Or. (pp.270-271)
Randy Young
, 1 February 2004

MENZIES
The Arms [Argent, a chief Gules] in the hoist and of two tracts Argent and Gules, upon which is depicted the Crest [A savage head erased Proper] three times and with two sprigs of Menzies heath in the fly, along with the Motto 'Vil God I zal' in letters Argent upon two transverse bands Vert. (pp.272-273)
Randy Young
, 1 February 2004

MONCREIFFE
Azure, a St. Andrew's Cross Argent in the hoist and of two tracts Argent and Gules semée of oak-leaves slipped Vert, upon which is depicted the 1st Badge [The head and shoulders of a bearded man Proper, in armour with conical Celtic helm Sable banded Or, including his dexter arm and hand sustaining paleways the upper shaft portion of a lance Gules with spearhead Argent] in the first compartment, the Crest [Issuing from a crest coronet Or, a demi-lion rampant Gules, armed and langued Azure] ensigned of a baronial chapeau Gules furred Ermine in the second compartment, and the 2nd Badge [(for the primaeval fort, the Moredun, otherwise Carnac, of Moncreiffe or Monadh Craoibhe) A chaplet of oak-leaves Proper, fructed of six acorns Or, and within it a shoot of mistletoe fructed Proper] in the third compartment, along with the Motto 'Sur esperance' [Upon hope] in letters Or upon two transverse bands Sable. (pp.276-277)
Randy Young
, 1 February 2004

MORRISON
The Arms [Per bend sinister Gules and Argent, a demi-lion rampant issuant Or, armed and langued Azure, holding in his paws a battleaxe, the shaft curved, of the Third, axehead of the Fourth in chief, in base, issuing from the sea undy Vert and Or, a tower Sable, windows and port Or, over all a bend sinister embattled Azure, charged with an open crown Or, jewelled Gules, between two fleur de lis Argent] in the hoist and of two tracts Gules and Argent, upon which is depicted the Crest [Issuant from waves of the sea Azure crested Argent, a mount Vert, thereon an embattled wall Azure masoned Argent, and issuing therefrom a cubit arm naked Proper, the hand grasping a dagger hilted Or] in the first and third compartments, and the Badge [A tower embattled Sable, port and windows Or, issuant from the sea wavy Azure crested Argent, upon the battlements two hands couped Proper grasping a broadsword in pale Or] in the second compartment, along with the Motto 'Dun Eistein' in letters Or upon two transverse bands Azure. (pp.280-281)
Randy Young
, 1 February 2004

MUNRO
The Arms [Or, an eagle's head erased Gules] in the hoist and of two tracts Gules and Or, upon which is depicted the Badge [A sprig of Common Club Moss  slipped Proper] in the first and third compartments and the Crest [An eagle perching Proper] in the centre compartment along with the Slughorn 'Caisteal Folais 'n a theine' [Foulis Castle in flames] in letters Or upon two transverse bands Azure. (pp.282-283)
Randy Young
, 1 February 2004

MURRAY
Azure, a St. Andrew's Cross Argent in the hoist and of two tracts Or and Sable, upon which is depicted the Badge of Atholl [A hand paleways grasping a key Proper, issuant from and within a chaplet of juniper Proper and ensigned with the coronet of a Duke] in the first compartment, the centre Crest [On a Wreath Or and Sable a demi-savage Proper wreathed about the temples and waist with laurel, his arms extended and holding in the right hand a dagger, in the left a key all Proper (Atholl)] in the second compartment, the dexter Crest [On a Wreath Argent and Azure a mermaid holding in her dexter hand a mirror and in her sinister a comb all Proper (Murray)] in the third compartment, and the sinister Crest [On a Wreath Argent and Azure, a peacock's head and neck Proper, accompanied (one on either side) by two arms from the elbows Proper, vested in maunches Azure doubled Argent] in the fourth compartment, along with the words 'Furth fortune and fill the fetters' in letters Argent upon three transverse bands Azure, the words separated mullets Argent. (pp.284-287)
Randy Young
, 1 February 2004

NESBITT
Azure, a St. Andrew's Cross Argent in the hoist and of the livery Argent upon which is depicted the Badge [A boar passant Sable, armed Argent and langued Gules] along with the Motto 'I byd it' extended in the fly in letters Sable. (pp.290-291)
Randy Young
, 1 February 2004

NICHOLSON
Azure, a St. Andrew's Cross Argent in the hoist and of the Livery Gules, upon which is depicted the Crest [A lion issuant Or armed and langued Gules] along with the Motto 'Generositate' [By generosity] extended in the fly in letters Or. (pp.292-293)
Randy Young
, 1 February 2004

RATTRAY
The Arms [Azure, three cross crosslets fitchée Or] in the hoist and of two tracts Or and Azure, upon which is depicted the Crest [Issuant from a crest coronet Or, a star (of five points) Or and thereon a flaming heart Proper] in the first compartment and a serpent nowed Proper extended upon the remainder of the Standard along with the Motto 'Super sidera votum' [My wishes are above the stars] in letters Azure upon three transverse bands Or. (pp.300-301)
Randy Young
, 1 February 2004

ROBERTSON
The Arms [Gules, three wolves' heads erased two and one Argent, armed and langued Azure] in the hoist and of two tracts Gules and Argent, upon which is depicted the Badge [A sprig of bracken Proper] in the first and third compartments, and the Crest [A dexter hand holding up an imperial crown Proper] in the second compartment, along with the Slogan 'Garg 'n uair dhuisgear' [Fierce when roused] in letters Argent upon two transverse bands Azure. (pp.302-303)
Randy Young
, 1 February 2004

ROLLO
Azure, a St. Andrew's Cross Argent in the hoist and of two tracts Or and Azure, upon which is depicted the Badge [A hind Argent unguled Or langued Gules] three times, along with the Motto 'La fortune passe partout' [Fortune passes over everywhere] in letters Azure upon two transverse bands Argent. (pp.304-305)
Randy Young
, 1 February 2004

ROSE
The Arms of Rose of Kilravock [Or, a boar's head couped Gules, between three water bougets Sable] in the hoist and of two tracts Or and Sable, upon which is depicted the Crest [On a chapeau Gules furred Ermine, a harp Azure] in the first compartment, and the Badge [A falcon's head couped Proper upon a chapeau Gules furred Ermine, within a chaplet of wild rosemary banded with a ribbon of the Dress Rose tartan] in the second and third compartments, along with the Motto 'Constant and true' in letters Or upon two transverse bands Gules. (pp.306-307)
Randy Young
, 1 February 2004

ROSS
The Arms of Ross of Ross [Gules, three lions rampant Argent, armed and langued Azure] in the hoist and of two tracts Argent and Gules, upon which is depicted the Crest [A hand holding a garland of juniper Proper] in the first and third compartments, and the Badge [A sprig of juniper fructed Proper] in the second and fourth compartments, along with the Motto 'Spem successus alit' [Success nourishes hope] in letters Argent upon three transverse bands Azure. (pp.308-309)
Randy Young
, 1 February 2004

RUTHVEN
Azure, a St. Andrew's Cross Argent in the hoist and of two tracts Argent and Gules, upon which is depicted Badge [A man in armour Proper, on his head a morion plumed Argent and Gules, having basses paly Argent and Gules, and over his left shoulder a scarf Argent and Sable nowed upon the right hip, his dexter arm elevated and his sinister hand grasping the hilt of his sword Or] in the first compartment, and in the second and third compartments the Crest [A ram's head couped Sable armed Or], that in the second compartment being ensigned of an Earl's coronet, along with the Motto 'Deid schaw' in letters Argent upon two transverse bands Azure. (pp.310-311)
Randy Young
, 1 February 2004

SCRYMGEOUR
Azure, a St. Andrew's Cross Argent in the hoist and of the Livery Gules semée of flaming fires Or, upon which is depicted the Crest [A lion's paw erased in bend holding a crooked sword or scymitar Argent] ensigned of an Earl's coronet, along with the Motto 'Dissipate' extended in the fly in letters Or. (pp.316-317)
Randy Young
, 1 February 2004

SEMPILL
The Arms [Argent, a chevron chequy Gules and of the First between three hunting horns Sable garnished and stringed of the Second] in the hoist and of two tracts Gules and Argent, upon which is depicted three times the Crest [A stag's head Argent attired with ten tynes Azure and collared with a prince's crown Or], ensigned of a Baron's coronet along with the Motto 'Keep tryst' in letters Gules upon two transverse bands Or. (pp.318-319)
Randy Young
, 1 February 2004

SHAW OF TORDARROCH
The Arms [Quarterly, 1st, Or a lion rampant Gules, armed and langued Azure; 2nd, Argent, a fir-tree growing out of a mound in base seeded Proper, in the dexter canton a dexter hand couped at the wrist and holding a dagger point downwards Gules; 3rd, chequy Argent and Azure, and on a chief of the Second three mullets of the First; 4th, Or, a galley sails furled Azure, flagged Gules, oars in saltire of the Last] in the hoist and of two tracts Or and Gules, upon which is depicted the Badge [A dexter cubit arm couped and holding a dagger erect all Proper, within and issuant from a chaplet of fir, oak and red whortleberry also Proper, banded Or and Gules] three times along with the Motto 'Fide et fortitudine' [By faith and fortitude] in letters Vert upon two transverse bands Argent. (pp.320-321)
Randy Young
, 1 February 2004

SINCLAIR
Azure, a St. Andrew's Cross Argent in the hoist and of four tracts Or, Azure, Argent and Gules, upon which is depicted the Crest [A cock Proper, armed and beaked Or] in the first compartment, the 1st Badge [A unicorn sejant Proper, armed, maned and tufted Or] in the second compartment, the 2nd Badge [A demi- ear Proper, muzzled Or, issuing from the circlet of an Earl's coronet Proper] in the third compartment, and the 3rd Badge [A mermaid Proper, crined Or, holding in her dexter hand a looking glass Proper framed Or, and in her sinister a comb also Or] in the fourth compartment, along with the Motto 'Commit they work to God' in letters Gules upon three transverse bands Argent. (pp.322-323)
Randy Young
, 1 February 2004

SKENE
Azure, a St. Andrew's Cross Argent in the hoist and of two tracts Gules and Argent, upon which is depicted the Crest [A dexter arm issuing from the shoulder out of a cloud, holding forth in the hand a triumphal crown, Proper] three times along with the Motto 'Virtutis regia merces' [A palace the reward of bravery] in letters Sable upon two transverse bands Or. (pp.324-325)
Randy Young
, 1 February 2004

STUART OF BUTE
Azure, a St. Andrew's Cross Argent in the hoist and of two tracts Or and Azure, upon which his Crests [Dexter, a dragon Vert spouting out fire Or, crowned with an open crown of four strawberry leaves of the Last (Crichton); centre, a demi-lion rampant Gules, armed and langued Azure (Stuart); sinister, a wyvern Proper holding in the mouth a sinister hand couped Gules (Lordship of Cardiff)] are depicted once each along with the Motto 'Nobilis est ira leonis' [The lion's anger is noble] in letters Or upon two transverse bands Gules. (pp.330-331)
Randy Young
, 1 February 2004

URQUHART
The Arms [Or, three boars' heads erased Gules, armed Proper and langued Azure] in the hoist and of two tracts Gules and Or, upon which is depicted the Crest [Issuant from a crest coronet Or, a naked woman from the waist upwards Proper, brandishing in her dexter hand a sword Azure, hilted and pommelled Gules, and holding in her sinister hand a palm sapling Vert] in the first compartment, the Badge [A mermaid Proper, tailpart Gules, crined Or, and holding a harp Or] in the second and third compartments, and in the fourth compartment a spray of wallflower Proper, flowered Or of four petals, along with the Motto 'Meane weil speak weil and doe weil' in letters Or upon three transverse bands Azure. (pp.336-337)
Randy Young
, 1 February 2004

WALLACE
The Arms of Wallace of that Ilk [Gules, a lion rampant Argent within a bordure countercompony of the Last and Azure] in the hoist and of two tracts Argent and Gules, upon which is depicted the Crest [Issuant from a crest coronet of four (three visible) strawberry leaves Or, a dexter arm vambraced, the hand brandishing a sword all Proper] three times along with the Motto 'Pro libertate' [For liberty] in letters Vert upon two transverse bands Or. (pp.338-339)
Randy Young
, 1 February 2004

WEDDERBURN
Azure, a St. Andrew's Cross Argent in the hoist and of two tracts Argent and Gules, upon which is depicted the Crest [An eagle's head erased Proper] three times along with the Motto 'Non degener' [Not degenerate] in letters Or upon two transverse bands Sable. (pp.340-341)
Randy Young
, 1 February 2004
 

Other Clans on the Web

Good article on Scottish heraldic flags at the Heraldry Society of Scotland site, http://www.heraldry-scotland.co.uk/Flyingheraldry.htm with illustrations.

Joe McMillan, 17 March 2004

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