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Georgia: Flags used during the Rose Revolution (November 2003)

Last modified: 2023-07-03 by
Keywords: rose revolution | national movement | kmara | otpor | crosses: 5 (red) | cross (black) | cross (white) | fist |
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Historical outline

The so-called 'rose revolution' led to the ousting of former President Shevernadze. The revolution started in the beginning of November following elections considered as rigged by the opposition and ended on 22 November with taking over of the Parliament by the opposition and Shevarnadze's resignation. His main opponent, Mikhail Saakashvili, was elected President of Georgia on 4 January 2004.

Ivan Sache, 24 January 2004

National Movement

[National Movement flag]by Željko Heimer

The flag with the five crosses has been used for about three years by the opposition coalition led by Mikhail Saakashvili, called National Movement.

Jaume Ollé, 23 November 2003

This flag became the national flag on Georgia on 14 January 2004. More details on its disputed origin can be read on the Georgia main page.

Ivan Sache, 24 January 2004


[Kmara! flag]by Victor Lomantsov

The flag of the youth movement Kmara! (That's enough!), here reconstructed from a photography, is a white flag with a white fist on black disc above the name of the movement, კმარა! set in black lowercase Georgian serif letters.

Victor Lomantsov & António Martins, 1 December 2003

The flag of Kmara! is strikingly similar to the Otpor flag. Otpor (Resistance) is the students' movement which significantly contributed to the fall of Milošević, in Serbia.

According to Courrier International #682 (27 November 2003), a member of Otpor said to the Serbian radio B92 that the Georgian students have been trained by Otpor. The Hungarian daily Nepszabadsag stated that the students of Otpor had themselves been trained by American experts in Hungary.

Ivan Sache, 30 November 2003

Unidentified flags

[Unidentified flag]by Jaume Ollé

This flag was seen on the Catalan TV channel 3/24, showing live images from the Parliament square in Tiflis, on 22 November 2003, 3 A.M.

Jaume Ollé, 22 November 2003

[Unidentified flag]by Ilya Kartashov

[Unidentified flag]by Ilya Kartashov

[Unidentified flag]by Ivan Sache

These flags, which use the colours of the (then) Georgian national flag, were seen in news reports on Russian channels ORT, RTR and NTV I on 22 and 23 November 2003.

Mikhail Revnivtsev, 24 November 2003

On The World on BBC4 TV on 11 June 2004 there was a long interview with Nino Burjanadze, Speaker of the Georgian Parliament, who was visiting London.
Ms Burjanadze came to notice outside Georgia during the "Rose Revolution" when she acted as President after the resignation of President Shevardnadze. The interview was illustrated with clips from that time. An image shows a yellow flag with a symbol. There was also a white flag being waved vigorously which I'm sure was that of Kmara!, though the logo was on a white background in the centre circle, and not, as we have it, on a black background.

André Coutanche, 15 June 2004

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