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Georgia: First Republic, 1918-1921

Last modified: 2023-07-03 by
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[Georgia, 1918]by Ivan Sache

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The 1918 flag

According to Trembicky's monograph Flags of Non-Russian Peoples under Soviet Rule published as the Flag Bulletin [tfb], #8 (3) in summer 1969, the flag of Georgia was the same as the present flag except for having dimensions 1:2 instead of the present 3:5 and having a slightly larger canton. Trembicky states that it was flown as the flag of the constituent republic of the Transcaucasian Federation 22 April 1918 when the Federation was formed, and as the flag of independent Georgia from 26 May 1918 until the Red Army finally completed the conquest of Georgia 18 March 1921.

Norman Martin, 24 November 1998

The Georgian flag was designed by Jakob Nikoladze who won a contest, and was accepted by the Georgian de facto authorities on 25 March 1917.
On 22 May 1918, Georgia proclaimed independence under the flag created in 1917 but only de facto because the flag laws were not changed and the former Transcaucasian Federation flags were still officially in use. The national flag was officially adopted only on 22 April 1921 and the former Federal flag was officially abolished.

Jaume Ollé, 29 November 1998

Reported variant of the 1918 flag

[Georgia 1918 variant]by Ivan Sache

Some variations of the Georgian flag were reported for the period 1918-1921. One of them is a horizontal black-white-red (1:1:2) flag.

Jaume Ollé, 29 November 1998

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