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Polaca (Zadar County, Croatia)


Last modified: 2001-08-11 by
Keywords: polaca | croatia | zadarska | dalmatia | ravni kotari | benkovac | kotar knin | tower |
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by Zeljko Heimer

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Flag of a small municipality in Croatia - as seen on a TV reportage on the region (23-NOV-1999, HRT 1). Polača - a municipality in hinterland of northern Dalmatia, behind coastal city of Zadar, in region known as Ravni Kotari. It main place is one of several places in Croatia bearing that name, and is therefore often written as Polača (Benkovac), accoriding to a bigger city some 10 km more from the coast. However, it is the only community with this name. Polaca was right on the frontline in the latest war (actually forming the border of Republic of Srpska Krajina) and sufered much devastation. The community is today part of Zadarska zupanija. When it was formed in 1992 by the general adminsitrative reform the county was called Zadarsko-kninska and at that time the Community of Polaca was included in theory in Kotar Knin (semi-authonomous subdivision created as possible compromise which Croatian Serbs, but which never lived up due to the virtual occupation). With 1997 reform the two kotars were de jure abolished from Croatian subdivision system, and the previous Zadarsko-kninska zupanija was divided more naturally (and lost Knin region to Sibenska zupanija).
The coat of arms is Or, Walls with a Tower embattled Azure. Shield is of the clasical early heraldical "nordic" shape . The walls are slanted on each side of the
massive tower, this probably refering to a remains of an ancient fortification (against Turks?) in the area.
The flag is dark blue, with the coat of arms in the middle. Ratio 1:2. The CoA are about (and probably indeed) 1/2 of the flag hoist wide.
From the same soure it has been noted that there is another flag in use - one looking like a gonfanon, hoisted vertically from a crossbar, three-tailed, blue, richly golden embroideried, which coat of arms differing in that that the block formin the walls were clearly visible (massoned). This is probably the coeremonial flag of the community, and as such unique, while the official flag (seen on many places and in several ocassions) is probably the one already mentioned. Such doublettes are not unknown, nor unusual in many places along the coast, and even further in the hinterland (e.g. Karlovacka zupanija have them, too).
I would guess that the coat of arms and the flag were adopted recently, certainly after 1997, and probably there were no earlier flags and CoAs for Polaca recorded in history.
Zeljko Heimer, 27 November 1999

Coat of Arms

by Zeljko Heimer

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