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Keywords: pozega | slavonia | croatia | pozesko-slavonska | zupanija | austria | eagle |
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by Zeljko Heimer, 3 November 2000
I have bought a book: Csáki, Imre: A magyar kira'lysa'g va'rmegyéinek ci'merei a XVIII-XIX. században, Corvina, Budapest, 1995 , in which are shown (one big coat of arms in each page!) all the coats of arms of the counties of the Hungarian part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in the XVIII. and XIX. centuries.
The coat of arms of the Hungarian "Pozsega vármegye" [Pozega county] was: a cartouche shield, divided per fess: 1- azure two lions or affrontés fighting each other with swords, the dexter one holding an argent and or sword with a royal crown or at the top, the sinister one holding a sword or with a ribbon gules along the sword and a royal crown or at the top; 2- tierced per fess [divided in three per fess]: a- divided per fess, A-azure; B- sable a wavy fess argent; b- vert a running marten natural; c- divided per fess, A-sable a wawy fess argent; B- azure. The shield is surmounted by a royal crown or. The coat of arms was adopted first in 1748.
If it seems rather complicated, it isn't when one sees the picture. The upper part of the shield shows on blue two lions fighting with swords, then the lower part whows fives stripes (1:1:2:1:1), alternatively, blue, black with a wavy line in white, green with a marten, black with a wavy line in white and blue.
Pascal Vagnat, 28 June 1998
Rather like what I saw - even if I was not sure then, with this description ,now I can tell it is the same blazon.
Zeljko Heimer, 2 July 1998
Several days ago I had chance to get a quick glance of the flag of Pozega-Slavonia . You must bear in mind that the image above is a reconstruction from that quick glance, and is therefore only a draft.
The flag of the County of Pozega-Slavonia (Poz<es<ko-slavonska z<upanija) yellow with green base and chief (a la Spain), with the coat of arms in the middle.
The coat of arms is the shield from the coat of arms of the former Pozega County granted in 1745. The shield is divided per fess. 1 azure, two lions rampant facing each other, dexter holding a scmitar argent with hit or crowned at the end with a crown or, sinister holding a sword argent with hilt or and sable, at the end crowned with crown or into which enters a snake gules curling around the sword. 2 vert among two wavy bars argent a marten passant proper. The lower part is obviously a variation of the coat of arms of Slavonia, while I do not know what the upper part is referencing to.
Zeljko Heimer , 29 March 1999
The information about this County smybols are rather wague and insufuicient. Apart from reports by Janko Ehrlich, and sseveral of my spottings of that flag on TV, I have hardly a clue to start from. However, I found one image that proves that there is a flag to report, indeed. See at <www.pozega.hr> image of the magistrate of Pozega, hoisting the flags of Croatia, the County and the City (properly ordered!).
Zeljko Heimer, 3 November 2000
by Zeljko Heimer, 3 November 2000
Flag of the Pozega riflemen - beginning of the 19th century
White silk, painting, wooden flagstaff, gilt bronze finial
126 x 182 cm, length of flagstaff 302 cm
Rectangular flag sewn of four pieces of silk, the edges decorated with alternating gold, blue, silver and brown flames. Obverse: in the centre of the flag field an Austrian Imperial double-headed eagle bears a square shield with the elements of the coat of arms of the Kingdom of Slavonia and the initials of the ruler F II (Francis II). Reverse: in the centre of the flag field a depiction of the Mother of God with the Infant Christ. Above the image the motto reads: PRO DEO REGE ET LEGE ('For God, king and law'). The flagstaff is spirally coloured in white, blue, yellow and brown, ending with a foliate filial with the carved initials: F II (Francis II). The flag was the so-called Leibfahne of the Pozega Jaeger battalion.
The flag was donated to the Museum by Teodor Kraljevic, the parish priest in Pozega in 1906. The flag was restored by Iva Cukman (textile) and Alma Orlic (painting) in 1990.
Yellow silk atlas, while silk, silver acupiction embroidery, sequins length of streamer 258 cm, width 14 cm
A simple streamer decorated with a simple silver border along the edge and an embroidered inscription along the ends of the streamer edged with stylised branches. The inscriptions on the ends read: MARIA.THERESIA / AVG / VEXILUM.HOC.ET / FASCIAM.ADNEXAM / ACV.PHRYGIA.A.SE / PICTAM. and PROVINCIAE.POSE / GANAE.MILIT.VE / NATORIBVS BENIG / NITATIS.SVAE.DO / CVMENTVM.DONAT / MDCCCI.
J. Borosak-Marijanovic, Zastave kroz stoljeca, Zagreb, 1996, catalogue number 53, page 121.
From Croatian History Museum site by courtesy of Jelena Borosak Marijanovic
Bigger images at <agor.srce.hr/m012900v.jpg> and <m012901v.jpg>.
Quoted from <www.hr/hrvatska/HRgradovi/Slavonija/Slavonija.html>:
"Slavonia and Baranya occupies the eastern part of the Croatia, being covered by the territories of five counties. The Slavonski Brod and Sava Basin County, the Osijek and Baranya County, the Pozega and Slavonia County, the Vukovar and Srijem County and the Virovitica and Drava Basin County. "
I.e. Slavonia is region of Croatia between rivers Sava and Drava (and Baranya is on "other" side of Drava). Historically, Croatia was known as kingdom of Croatia and Slavonia within the Hungarian kingdom and Dalmatia within Austrian part of Habsburg empire.
However, the Coat of Arms shown there is wrong. The three martens Coat of Arms is shown on some old maps, including one map made in 17th century which was rather popularized here due to a high quality reprint made some 15 years ago (I happened to have a copy of it above my desk). I'm almost sure that the image on the site is scanned from that reprint. The Coat of Arms that should have been used is the Slavonian Coat of Arms representing a marten running on red (or earlier also green) field between two wavy lines of white all on blue background and with a mullet Or in chief. Something like the sinistermost Coat of Arms in the crest over the Coat of Arms on Croatian flag.
Zeljko Heimer and Dov Gutterman , 4 March 2000
See also: Croatia - Historical Flags (1848-1918)