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Lepoglava (Varazdin, Croatia)

Grad Lepoglava

Last modified: 2005-04-23 by dov gutterman
Keywords: varazdin | lepoglava | raven |
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by Željko Heimer, 10 April 2005



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Overview

Lepoglava is a city in the Vara~din County some 20 km southwest of Vara~din. 9,000 inhabitanits, half of that number in the city itself. Lepoglava is probably most well known as a site of a prison (where a number of important persons were held by regimes of both Yugoslavia in 20th century), but Lepoglava is also a cultural canter with a Pauline order monastery and is especially famous for the intricate lacework school.   Anyway, a local news magazine printed a story "Lepoglava dobila slu~beno heraldicko znakovlje", Vara~dinske vijesti, br. 127, 15.12.2005, str. 43. describing how on 8 December 2004 the mayor of Lepoglava ceremoniously presented for the frist time the symbols of the city.   The coat of arms of Lepoglava vert a raven sable holding a bread in its beak. The raven is symbol of St. Paul the Hermit who was fed by a raven with bread. St. Paul establsihed the Pauline order. A raven is also a symbol of royal family of king Ivania Korvin (1495 - 1497), who is remembered in Lepoglava for rebuilding of the monastery.   The flag is blue with the golden bordered coat of arms.
}eljko Heimer, 27 Febuary 2005

In the mean time I received some answer from the city, so I may correct previous and add some further info: The symbols were adopted on 8th December 2004. Source: "Lepoglava dobila slu~beno heraldicko znakovlje", Vara~dinske vijesti, br. 127, 15.12.2005, str. 43. Info Marija Varovic, Grad Lepoglava, 9.03.2005.  
The coat of arms of Lepoglava vert a raven sable holding a piece of bread in its beak standing on a lace clapper or with a sting argent. The raven is symbol of St. Paul the Hermit who was fed by a raven with bread. St. Paul established the Pauline order whose important centre Lepoglava is. A raven is also a symbol of royal family of king Ivania Korvin (1495 - 1497), who is remembered in Lepoglava for rebuilding of the monastery. The clapper is a tool for the lacework after which Lepoglava is famous.  
The flag is green with the golden bordered coat of arms. (it is not blue as I first guessed from a rather bad photo I had).  
The ceremonial flag is green gonfalon ending triangulary, with the coat of arms bordered golden with the name of the city aboe and an valnut and a fir branch below.
}eljko Heimer, 10 April 2005

In Latin, a raven is a "corvus" (French, "corbeau"; Spanish "cuervo"); therefore, the association of the raven and the Korvin family might not be coincidental.
Was the famous Matthias I Korvin, King of Hungary from 1458 to 1490, a relative of Ivanis Korvin?
Ivan Sache, 12 April 2005

Of course, here is my translation from Enciklopedija leksikografskog zavoda, Zagreb, 1968:
"Ivania Korvin (Lat. Johannes Corvinus; Wroclav, Silesia, 1473 - Krapina, 1504), Hereditary Duke of Slavonia, Ban of Dalmatia and Croatia. Bastard son of king Matijaa Korvin, grandson of JŠnos Hunyadi. Since Matijaa had no sons in his marriage, he wanted Ivania to inherit his throne, so he was granting him possessions in Croatia. However, after the death of Matijaa, it was Vladislav Jagelo (Ladislas Jegielo) who was elected for the Croatian-Hungarian king. Before the election the large feudal lords promised to Ivania to become the king of Bosnia, a hereditary duke (vojvoda - dux) of Slavonia, ban of Croatia and Dalmatia and to keep his possessions. After the election, Ivania was granted only the hereditary dukedom of Slavonia, but still he was helping to Vladislav in his struggle against king Maximilian, pretender to the Croato-Hungarian throen. Ivania lead constant struggle against the Turks, and he was in a feud with Frankapanes who requested from him possessions taken from them by king Matijaa. Disapointed, Ivania denounced the dukedom. In the heavy times after the defeat on the Krbava field (1493) he took the dukedom again and maintained his rule from Bihac and Krapina, fighting the Turks. Defeated in fights near Knin retreated to Krapina where he soon died."
The attribute "king Ivania" given to him in Lepoglava connection is, no doubt according to the local legend. It may well been that the exact title was not quite clear anyway.
}eljko Heimer, 12 April 2005


Ceremonial Flag


by Željko Heimer, 10 April 2005


Coat of Arms


by Željko Heimer, 10 April 2005


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