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Croatia - Houseflags of Shipping Companies (1918-1945)

Last modified: 2005-03-26 by dov gutterman
Keywords: croatia | houseflags | house flag |
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Shipping Companies 1918 - 1945:

Dubrovaeka parobrodska plovidba - Dubrovnik


by Zeljko Heimer, 18 October 2004

Dubrovaeka parobrodska plovidba, Dubrovnik/Dubrovaeka Parobrodska Plovidba d.d. Dubrovnik - The flag is horizontally divided in red over blue with an anchor in the middle between letters DP.   The company is established in 1880. Also known as Ragusea, operating in 1939 a 14 coastal and 11 intercontinental ships. After the World War it was joined by both Napried and Unione, was the base of the Yugoslav merchant fleet. In the World War II its ships were joined into allied convoies, while the coastal lines were confiscated by Italians and most were destroyed in fighting. After the war remaining ships were nationalized and mostly granted to newly formed companies in Rijeka. Today its sucessor established in 1955 is Atlantska plovidba using a similar flag.
Source: Vladimir Isaia: Pomorski obieaji i tradicije, Adamia, Rijeka, 2001. Hrvatska Enciklopedija, Leksikografski zavod "Miroslav Krle~a", 1999
}eljko Heimer, 18 October 2004


Slobodna plovidba Dubrovnik


by Zeljko Heimer, 18 October 2004

Slobodna plovidba Dubrovnik (Brodarska zajednica Slobodna plovidba Dubrovnik) - The flag is vertically divided blue and red with white anchor flanked with initials SP. The company operated since 1929 to 1941 with ships Koloeep (sold in 1932) and Duba (sold in 1941).
Source: Vladimir Isaia: Pomorski obieaji i tradicije, Adamia, Rijeka, 2001. Pomorski leksikon, Jugoslavenski leksikografski zavod "Miroslav Krle~a", Zagreb, 1990.
}eljko Heimer, 18 October 2004


Dubokovic - Jelsa


by Zeljko Heimer, 8 October 2004

A company from Jelsa (on the island of Hvar) named Niko i Ante Dubokovic (often shortened simply to NAD or otherwise fknow as Dubokovic). The flag above is based on the image from Isaic's 2001 book [isa01]. However, I was contacted recently by the Dubokovic family member who keeps the family tradition. She does not rememebr ever seing such flag, and have documentation that the Dubokovic ships always used the Croatian tricolour as their house flag. The Dubokovic company was among the largest in the Adriatic, the largest in easter Adriatic for sure, maintaining a large merchant fleet (they also preformed the training of cadets for the Trieste naval Academy). There were also a number of tranatlantic ships, so the houseflag of the company could have been shown in a number of flagcharts. The company was established in 1851 and was operative until it was nationalized in after 1945.   Apart from the usual house flag, the company also had a beautiful ceremonial flag that was used for festivities and when important guests were on board, that included the family Coat of Arms in the canton of the tricolour. The flag is preserved and is in the family archives in Jelsa.
}eljko Heimer, 8 October 2004

Dubokovia, Jelsa (Parobrodarsko preduzeae N. A. Dubokovia Jelsa - The flag is blue over red bicolour with white interwinved initials NAD. This flag is shown by Isaia for the interwar period - the Dubokovia's with whom I contacted do not remember of such flag, but they do remember of a similar emblem (the cyphers) being used as metal ornament on the steamship chimneys. According to the family tradition the Croatian tricolour was used as the house flag. A ceremonial version of such flag with the family coat of arms added in the canton is now preserved in the family archives in Jelsa. This flag was used as the house flag in special ceremonious occasions. I suspect that the flag shown by Isaia may be a the flag used after the World War, in Yugoslavia, when showing of the Croatian tricolour was, well, not enchouraged if not explicitly forbidden. But, it may be a fancy product never used - this should be further investigated.   The Dubokovia Nadalini family, Ivan and his son Niko, was an influential family in Jelsa on the island of Hvar, establishing the company in 1851, they built the port of Jelsa and its merchant fleet. The company performed training for the maritime authorities in Trieste and maintained the largest sailship merchant fleet in Dalmatia, some of their ships navigated also over Atlantic. Both father and son were also politically active and both were mayors in their time. Niko established the Croatian reading-club in Jelsa.
Source: Vladimir Isaia: Pomorski obieaji i tradicije, Adamia, Rijeka, 2001. Pomorski leksikon, Jugoslavenski leksikografski zavod "Miroslav Krle~a", Zagreb, 1990. Correspondence with heirs of Dubokovia famliy, 2004.
}eljko Heimer, 18 October 2004


Hum - Koreula


by Zeljko Heimer, 18 October 2004

Hum, Koreula (Obalna plovidba "Hum" Koreula) -   The flag is light blue with white steamship emblem in the middle.   The company operated between 1915 and 1925, during the World War operated lines between Koreula, Split and Dubrovnik. Steamship Petar Zrinski.
Source: Vladimir Isaia: Pomorski obieaji i tradicije, Adamia, Rijeka, 2001. Pomorski leksikon, Jugoslavenski leksikografski zavod "Miroslav Krle~a", Zagreb, 1990.
}eljko Heimer, 18 October 2004


Adria - Rijeka


by Zeljko Heimer, 19 October 2004

Adria, Rijeka (S.A. di Navigazione Maritima "Adria" - Fiume) - The flag is blue with a red saltire and overall a yellow anchor, the initial A and a five-pointed star at the top.   The leading steamship company of the Hungarian part of the Empire established in 1882 in Rijeka was given to Italy and by 1937 it was fussioned with the Tirrenia company.  
Source: E. Clémentel e.a.: Larousse Commercial Illustré. Larousse, Paris, 1930 (Thanks to Jan Mertens). "All about Ships and Shipping", 1938 (Thanks to Jarig Bakker).
}eljko Heimer, 19 October 2004


Costiera - Rijeka


by Zeljko Heimer, 10 November 2004

Costiera, Rijeka (S.A. di Navegazione Marittima Costiera - Fiume) - The flag is red over blue bicolour with yellow five-pointed star in the middle. I have no info on the company.
Source: F.J.N. Wedge Brown's Flags and Funnels, revised edition, Glasgow, Brown, Son & Ferguson, 1929 (Thanks to Ian Sumner).
}eljko Heimer, 19 October 2004

The star should is yellow and is so shown by Brown 1929 as well as the 1926 edition. The Lloyds Reedereiflaggen 1933 collection of cigarette cards shows it under Adria  Societa di Navigazione Maritimma in error and the company itself, according to Talbot-Booth, merged in 1932 into Compagnia di Navigiazione Adriatica which later became Adriatica di Navigazione S.p.A.
Vesna. Lloyds 1937-8 telegraphic addresses domicile the company as Zvonimirova Utica 101, Suaak.
Neale Rosanoski, 10 November 2004

I had a look at Talbot-Booth for 1937, which I just happened to have here at home, and the yellow is printed off-register, so at a quick glance, the star does appear white. It's only when you look hard, that you can see the yellow in one corner of the star (and the green blob across the blue as well).
Ian Sumner, 7 January 2005


Duba - Split


by Zeljko Heimer, 19 October 2004

Duba, Split (Paroplovidba Duba Split) - The flag is a light blue triangular pennant with a white anchor with initials ZPO. I have no info on the copmany nor have I figured out what the initials stand for.
Source: Vladimir Isaia: Pomorski obieaji i tradicije, Adamia, Rijeka, 2001.
}eljko Heimer, 19 October 2004


Jugoamerikanska - Split


by Zeljko Heimer, 19 October 2004

Jugoamerikanska, Split (Jugoslavensko-Amerkianska plovidba d.d. Split) - The flag is divided by diagonal cross in four, up blue, down red, and two side triangles white each carrying black initials JA. The steamship company was established in 1924 by B. Banac, P. Baburica, Mihanovia brothers and F. Petrinovia. Operated 9 steamships in 1927 totalling over 48000 brt. The same flag was also shown on a beautifully made stock bond certificate of the company of the period, that Jan refered to: Description: <www.booneshares.com> Image: <www.booneshares.com/0346.jpg>.
Source: Vladimir Isaia: Pomorski obieaji i tradicije, Adamia, Rijeka, 2001.
}eljko Heimer, 19 October 2004


Jadranska plovidba - Suaak


by Zeljko Heimer, 19 October 2004

Jadranska plovidba, Suaak (Jadranska plovidba d.d. Suaak) - The company is established in 1922 as an action society by combining of all shipping societies of coastal navigation of Rijeka and surroundings. It performed coastal shipping along the adriatic coast operating 67 steamships. It began with tourist cruises in 1934. After the World War II it was nationalized and sucseeded by Jadrolinija (using remotely related flag, subsequently in 1990's privatized and changed flag again to the current patern, still being the most important coastal shiping company).
Source: Vladimir Isaia: Pomorski obieaji i tradicije, Adamia, Rijeka, 2001.
}eljko Heimer, 19 October 2004


Prekomorska plovidba - Suaak


by Zeljko Heimer, 19 October 2004

Prekomorska plovidba, Suaak (Prekomorska plovidba d.d. Suaak) - The flag is red with blue six-pointed star in the middle. The pre-WWI Ungaro-Croatian Free Navigation Company of Rijeka changed the name after the World War, but not the flag, virtually.
Source: Vladimir Isaia: Pomorski obieaji i tradicije, Adamia, Rijeka, 2001.
}eljko Heimer, 19 October 2004


Progres - Suaak


by Zeljko Heimer, 20 October 2004

Progres, Suaak (Parobrodarsko akcionarsko druatvo "Progres" Suaak) - The flag is light blue with red letter P on a white disk. I found no data on the company.
Source: Vladimir Isaia: Pomorski obieaji i tradicije, Adamia, Rijeka, 2001.
}eljko Heimer, 20 October 2004


Vesna - Suaak


by Zeljko Heimer, 20 October 2004

Vesna, Suaak (Vesna d.d. za plovidbu Suaak) - The flag is blue with white oval containing the red letter V in Latin and Cyrillic script. The steamship company established in 1921 in Dubrovnik by the Maritime Bank with intention to maintain transatlantic tourist lines. First they rented ship Garibaldi and in 1927 obtained the first Yugoslav transatlantic ship Beograd folowed soon by similar ship Zagreb. However the two ships were never used and the company was dissolved. Oddly - the lexicon gives the home port Dubrovnik, while Isaia quotes Suaak... I tend to believe to the lexicon a bit more, but on the other hand, it is only Isaia that gives the full name...
Source: Vladimir Isaia: Pomorski obieaji i tradicije, Adamia, Rijeka, 2001. Pomorski leksikon, Jugoslavenski leksikografski zavod "Miroslav Krle~a", Zagreb, 1990.
}eljko Heimer, 20 October 2004


Oceania - Suaak


by }eljko Heimer, 21 November 2004

Oceania, Suaak (Brodarsko Akcionarsko Druatvo "Oceania" Suaak) - The flag is red with white letter O in the middle. The company with headquarters in Trieste and Suaak was established in 1917 by joining of numerous small shipping societies along the eastern Adriatic coast. After the World War was granted entirely to Yugoslavia. In World War II lost most of its 12 ships. Liquidated in 1947.
Sources:
Brown's Flags and Funnels? comp. F.J.N. Wedge, 5th edition, Glasgow, Brown, Son & Ferguson, 195x (Thanks to Ian Sumner) Pomorski leksikon, Jugoslavenski leksikografski zavod "Miroslav Krle~a", Zagreb, 1990.  
}eljko Heimer, 21 November 2004


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