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Hungary - Historical Flags (1867-1918)

Last modified: 2004-07-31 by
Keywords: hungary | horthy | habsburg |
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Kingdom of Hungary (1867 - 1945)


1867-1918, 1920-1946
by Jaume Olle', 24 June 2001


1915-1918
by Jaume Olle', 10 March 2001

According to an old source - European flag book published in 1918, the flag of the Hungarian kingdom(?)  in 1918 was red,white,green holozontal tricolour with Kossuth Arm/St.Stephen crown supported by two Angeles which extended into the red and green stripes. Proportion7:10. What is this flag used for and when ?
Nozomi Kariyasu, 21 January 2001

This flag is a Hungarian flag with the small CoA, which was the only official CoA between 1920-1938. This flag could be used 1882-1918 and 1920-1946. The angels show that this flag is a Roman Catholic version.
Istvan Molnar, 18 Febuary 2001

Does that means that there were several variations of the CoA used at the same time differing in small elements regarding the religious preferences (of those who use the arms?).
Zeljko Heimer, 20 Febuary 2001

The upper flag is the Hungarian kingdom flag according to an U.K.Admilalty book published in 1918. According to Wappenlexikon by Christian Siemer, this CoA of hu was used 1848 - 8 November 1868 and July 1919 - 1947 while CoA of the second flag was used 15 October 1915 - March 1919
Nozomi Kariyasu, 10 March 2001 and 24 June 2001

What was the use of this flag during the Second World War?
Flaggenbuch shows as national flag the Hungarian tricolor with lesser arms (the shield with the St. Stephen's crown), as 'national ensign, also used as service ensign. The tricolor ensign without any arms is also shown, as 'national ensign without arms'. Flaggenbuch shows also the 'middle' arms ('Mittleres' Staatswappen), similar to Nozmoi's design but with slightly different angels (especially "facing" the flag viewer) in the middle of a white field with the wolftooth border as 'Standard des Reichwefers'.
Ivan Sache, 11 March 2001

I don't know this flag. I think if somebody use this flag it never was official. The 'Middle CoA' was used on white flag with wolfteeth. This version of the Middle CoA - which contains the shield of Bosnia (bottom left yellow) was in use in 1915-1918 and 1938-1944 (only on war flags). The Middle CoA without the Bosnian shield was in use in 1882-1915. The Hungarian national flag 1882-1918 was the red-white-green without CoA. 1919-1944 with or without the Little CoA. This CoA is not the Kossuth CoA!!
Istvan Molnar, 11 March 2001

Last summer, when my family went to Budapest and London, they bought me a replica of this flag, with the fly end fringed...  Only difference between the design pictured here and my flag is that my flag has the entire CoA (shield, Holy Crown and angels) all contained inside the white stripe. 
If the RC version had angels, what other versions were there?  I'm assuming there was a "Református" version as well...
Georges G. Kovari, 21 March 2001

The CoA may be applied.  On the white field, or spread on the three fields?  I didn't find a rule.  The angelic variation is at present unofficial.
Somewhere I found some information about how from 1882 on two variations were acceptable for the CoAs (small and middle arms): The Catholic with angels, the Protestant with olive and oak sprigs. My comment concerns to the flag with the small CoA , not the flag with the middle CoA.
Istvan Molnar, 21 March 2001

In 1849-1867 Hungary was under direct Austrian controll. Didn't use Hungarian symbols. In 1867-1882 used the small CoA (on flag) and a middle CoA (small CoA in the heart of the shield around the Dalmatian, Croatian, Sclavonian and Transylvanian CoAs). 1882-1915 used the small CoA (on flag) and a middle CoA (small CoA in the heart of the shield around the Dalmatian, Croatian, Sclavonian and Transylvanian CoAs and Fiume's CoA too!!!). In 1915-1918 used the small CoA (on flag), and the Middle CoA (small CoA in the heart of the shield around the Dalmatian, Croatian, Sclavonian and Transylvanian Fiume's CoAs and Bosnian CoA too - on flag. Between November 1918 and March 1919 used only the small CoA without crown (Kossuth CoA). Between March1919 - August 1919 didn't used CoA, but red star. Between August 1919 and 1920 used the small CoA with or without crown. In 1920-1946 used the small CoA with angels or olive branches on flag. All flags were the red-white-green tricolour (Ratio of the Hungarian tricolour is 2:1 from 1848 not 3:2).
Countries on the used CoA:
1848-1849 small   Hungary
1848-1849 middle  Hungary, Dalmatia, Croatia, Slavonia, Transylvania
1849-1860 no CoA
1867-1882 small   Hungary
1867-1882 middle  Hungary, Dalmatia, Croatia, Slavonia, Transylvania
1882-1915 small   Hungary
1882-1915 middle  Hungary, Dalmatia, Croatia, Slavonia, Transylvania, Fiume
1915-1918 small   Hungary
1915-1918 middle  Hungary, Dalmatia, Croatia, Slavonia, Transylvania, Fiume, Bosnia
1918-1919 small   Hungary (without crown)
1919  red star
1919-1946 small   Hungary
1938-1944 middle  Hungary, Dalmatia, Croatia, Slavonia, Transylvania, Fiume, Bosnia (only on war flags)
Istvan Molnar, 25 June 2001

At http://www.trianon.hu/alapitvany/naplo/tria81/zszentel/magyar.htm there are photos from a ceremony that was held on 4th June 2001. This flag (close-up on the CoA here) relates to the Treaty of Trianon (1920) and the detached territories. The original flag was in the Szabadság (Liberty) Square between1928-1944. On that place you can see the Statue of the Soviet Red Army.
Istvan Molnar, 31 July 2001


Coat of Arms and Seal of the Kingdom of Hungary

Coat of Arms


by Istvan Molnar, 23 March 2001

The greater CoA. On the center of the Middle CoA there is the shield of the Habsburg-Lotharingien Dinasty. First version: Used 1874-1915
Istvan Molnar, 23 March 2001

Three version of Coat of Arms of Hungary were between 1874-1918
Smaller CoA: Same as the today CoA - Used 1874-1918 1919-1946 and 1989-
Middle CoA: First version: Without Bosnian arm: Used 1874-1915
Second version: With Bosnian arm: Used 1915-1918 and 1938-1944
Great CoA: On the center of the Middle CoA there is the shield of the Habsburg-Lotharingien Dinasty.
First version: Used 1874-1915
Second version: 1915-1918.
Istvan Molnar, 23 March 2001

This CoA was made to the king. You can see in the great seal of the king below.
Source: Bertényi Iván: uj magyar címertan; Budapest 1998.
Information (in Hungarian) In the Pallas Lexikon
Istvan Molnar, 24 March 2001

The Seal


by Istvan Molnar, 9 Febuary 2001

This was the official seal of the Kingdom of Hungary. In the center of the seal there is the Great Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Hungary (before 1915). Great Coat of Arms means: on the center of the Middle Coat of Arms there is the shield of the Habsburg-Lotharingien Dinasty. the inscriptin means: FRANCIS JOSEPH THE FIRST, EMPEROR OF AUSTRIA, KING OF CZECHIA ETC. AND THE APOSTOLIC KING OF HUNGARY
Source: Bertényi Iván: uj magyar címertan; Budapest 1998
Istvan Molnar, 9 Febuary 2001

Middle Coat-of-Arms of Hungary (Roman Catholic version), 1882 - 1915


by Janko Ehrlich Zdvořák, 16 August 2001

Middle Coat-of-Arms of Hungary (Roman Catholic version). Designs of Hungarian symbols were always different one from another in their artistic realisation too. However, the essential elements are required. This picture is scanned from "Hickmanns Taschenatlas von Österreich Ungarn", G. Freytag & Berndt, Vienna - Leipzig 1912.
Janko Ehrlich Zdvořák, 16 August 2001

This version was never official at this period.
Istvan Molnar, 16 August 2001


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