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National Liberation Front of Kurdistan

Eniya Rizgariya Netewa Kurdistan (ERNK)

Last modified: 2005-08-06 by
Keywords: kurdistan | turkey | national liberation front of kurdistan | eniya rizgariya netewa kurdistan | star (red) |
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[ERNK Flag] image by Fabio Berton

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Description of the flag

The Flag of the ERNK (Eniya Rizgariya Netewa Kurdistan), a military organization linked to the PKK, is red with a green-bordered yellow circle and a five-pointed red star inside the circle.
Giuseppe Bottasini & Jacob Zhu, 25 May 1998

ENRK was formed in 1985 and disbanded earlier in 2000 after the 7th PKK Congress. The flag of the organisation will presumably no longer be seen in public, except as an historic artifact. This flag was much more commonly seen than the PKK party flag, and has apparently achieved the status of flag of Anatolian Kurdistan (and almost certainly would be the national flag if the PKK achieved any sort of independence for the region).
T. F. Mills, 27 September 1997 & 10 July 2000

This flag appears in the Flags of Aspirant Peoples chart [eba94], #32, with the following caption:

National Liberation Front of Kurdistan, ERNK
North Middle-East
Ivan Sache, 13 September 1999

Variants of the flag

[ERNK Flag] image by Santiago Dotor

In the Israeli newspaper Yedioth Ahronoth of today there is an item about the Turkish-Syrian conflict. In the item there is a picture of PKK leader on the background of the ERNK flag. The flag is a red field with a roundel in its center. The roundel consists of a soviet-like red star on yellow background, bordered in green. There is a very thin black pencil circle around the roundel. The roundel takes 1/2 of the flag width (1/4 red, 1/2 roundel,1/4 red). The width of the green circle is 1:30 of the flag width. The top of the rays are 1:90 of the width off the green circle (1:90 of the width). The flag is not shown to its full length but it looks like 1:2.
Dov Gutterman, 22 October 1998

At a protest march in Trondheim today, I saw a flag I didn't recognize, but I suspect that it might have some connection to Kurdish groups in Iraq. Mostly because of its similarity to the flag of ERNK, which was carried right beside it, along with the flag of