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Latvia - Aircraft Marking

Last modified: 2004-07-03 by
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by Zeljko Heimer, 11 April 2002

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Aircraft Marking

According to Album 2000 [pay00] - Aircraft Marking - Red-white-red roundel, the red being the particular Latvian red shade, and the white being "thinner" then the other two. Note explains that the national flag is painted on the fin. [cos98] explains that this is so since 1992. The aircraft markings of Latvian aircrafts was entirely different before the Soviet era. At first RWR stripes (of normal red and of equal width) were painted on the wings and on fin, soon replaced with red swastika rotated 45deg usually on white disk. The National Guard (paramilitary units) red outlined used white disk with red indented cross in 1937-1940, and Navy used 1936-1940 black rotated swastika and black cabled anchor on the fin. In years 1941-44 Latvian aircrafts in German service used a black Latin cross was painted on white pannels, with black swastika on the fin.
Zeljko Heimer, 8 April 2002

Formed in 1919, and folowing a brief period of using national colors wingtips and rudder stripes, the Latvian air force adopted a swastika (red according to [cos98] but it should ne maroon) on white disc.According to Insignia, there were variants of those markings such as wing marking of swastika on white plate (<latjunk.jpg>) or no white background at all (<latdh9a.jpg>), however those were probably at the begining, later to be standartized as in <> and <> . The image in our site (1918-1940) should be maroon.
[cos98] show another markinks for National Guard, 1937-1940 (again should be maroon). This markings can be seen at Insignia: "The later style of Aizsargu Aviacija (Latvian National Guard Aviation Branch) markings with a simplified Auskelis cross in Dark Red on a White disc are used in six positions". It don't show the ring around it as in [cos98] image.
Insignia also show a former markinks of the National Guard as: "This aircraft used a marking basedon a traditional Latvian ornament, the Auskelis, which was a Dark Red and White cross with swallow-tail tips. This was then superimposed onto a Latvian military Jack in Dark Red and White". There is no word about those marking in [cos98]. Aizsargu Aviacija was formed in 1931 and dissolved in1940.
You can read at Insignia about "Latvian Air Force 1918-40" and "Early Latvian Aircraft".
[cos98] reports also about Navy markings 1936-1940 (Naval air arm formed1923 and dissolved 1936) as black swastika with no background and anchor on rudder. Insignia show the swastikas in maroon as seen in the article "Latvian Naval Aviation 1936".
[cos98] reports that Latvian unit attached to the Luftwaffe used black cross on white plate (1941-1944) with rudder markinks of black swastika on square white plate.
The new Latvijas Gaisa Spéki was established in 1992 and since then it is using a maroon-white-maroon roundel. [cos98] show a very thin white ring. It is thiner but not as much as reported there and above. National flag used as fin flash. See <>.
Air forec reserves are using another markings (Army Reserve, 1994-) but with wider borders and in maroon as seen at <>.
More info at <>.
Some photos:
Air forec reserves - <> and <>.
Air force - <>.
SAR helicopters - <> (and see also <> ).
Dov Gutterman, 20 June 2004


by Ferenc Gy. Valoczy, 2 July 2003

National Guard, 1937-1940

by Ferenc Gy. Valoczy, 2 July 2003


by Ferenc Gy. Valoczy, 2 July 2003

Army Reserve, 1994-

by Ferenc Gy. Valoczy, 2 July 2003