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Mexico 1880-1898 & 1899-1916

Dec. 30, 1880-Dec. 31, 1898 & Jan. 1, 1899-Sep. 30, 1916

Last modified: 2009-06-19 by
Keywords: díz (porfirio) | mexico | eagle | centennial (eagle) |
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1880-1899: Searching uniformity
Dec. 30, 1880-Dec. 31, 1898


[1823 Mexico national flag, first revision: Dec. 30, 1880-Dec. 31, 1898. 30, 1916. By Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán] 2:3[Unofficial proportions] (Official proportions since 1891) | [National (civil, state and war) Flag, and state and war ensign] | [Reconstruction] | [Variant - this flag is one of several which could be displayed] | [Flag no longer in use]
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, April 15, 2001.
Badge based on [csm60]

Flag and coat of arms adopted: Apr. 14, 1823
Flag and coat of arms revised: Decree promulgated on December 30, 1880
In use until: December 31, 1898.
Use:  On land:  Civil, state and war flag
  At sea: State, and war ensign.
Naval jack (torrotito de proa) 


[1821 Coat of arms, first revision: Dec. 30, 1880-Dec. 31, 1898. 30, 1916. By Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán]
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, April 15, 2001.
Based on [csm60]


This badge was adopted by decree of December 30, 1880. The new coat of arms was designed by Tomás de la Peña [csm60].

Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, April 15, 2001.


1899-1916: Centennial emblem
Jan. 1, 1899-Sept. 30, 1916


[1823 Mexico national flag, first revision: Jan. 1, 1899-Sept. 30, 1916. By Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán] 2:3 (Official since 1891, confrimed in 1912) | [National (civil, state and war) Flag, and state and war ensign] | [Variant - this flag is one of several which could be displayed] | [Flag no longer in use]
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, March 5, 2002
Badge based on [csm60]

Flag and coat of arms adopted: Apr. 14, 1823.
Revised: January 1, 1899.
In use until: September 30, 1916.
Use: On land: Civil, state and war flag.
  At sea: State, and war ensign.
Naval jack (torrotito de proa)
 


[1821 Coat of arms, second revision: Jan. 1, 1899-Sept. 30, 1916. By Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán]
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, April 15, 2001.
Based on [csm60]

In 1899 was adopted a new emblem, worked by Mexican Denmark-educated Juan de Dios Fernández. Following to Carrera Stampa [csm60], the badge is

...ispired in the French emblems of the tiem, the bird is not leanned as the previous one, but represented in front looking to its left with the wings displayed symmetrically. With the right grasp and beak grasping a curved snake whose head is over the eagle's. The other elements suffered alterations also. The prickly pear was reduced in its stems, and some of them were added some fruits. The stone seems rising roughly among the water, and the garland discreetly serves as base of the achievement...

Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, October 6, 2001


Variant used between 1881-1917

[Mexican flag variant used about 1893]
by António Martins Tuválkin, March 20, 2000.

(...) During the 1880s, the Porfirista government intended the flag as well the coat of arms on it became uniform overall the country. The changes to the coat of arms in such age were born by President's decree of Dec. 30-1880, by means of which, Porfirio Díaz tried to materialized the original design provided by the First Constitutional Congress. (...) Tomás de la Peña was appointed to design the new coat of arms; he preferred the French-style eagle: fronted with up-lifted wings, looking to its left (...). This coat of arms was used until 1898, since in 1899, Díaz decided for replacing it, though the de la Peña's design was in use until about 1908. A very important change is appreciated in a 1893 flag: the garland is made of laurel and olive branches; this is to prove, despite the efforts for unifying both flag and coat of arms, that the anarchy prevailed (...)"

From [ban95]
Quoted and translated by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, June 10, 2002.


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