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Nicaragua - Historical Flags

Last modified: 2005-04-23 by dov gutterman
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1852 - Attribued Flag


by Jaume Olle'

This flag is attribued to Nicaragua by Emil Dreyer, W. Crampton and The Catalan Enciclopaedya. Crampton said that it was adopted in April 1854, but this is a mistake. If exist, the flag should be in use between 1852 and 1854.
Jaume Olle'

The 1852 flag is wrong, but there was a quite similar one in use.
Ralf Stelter , 7 November 2000

This flag came from Emil Dreyer (in FM 22) and Crampton (in Flags of the World). Crampton dated it in April 1854 but I moved the date because I have the law of the flag of 1854. IMHO in1849-1854 the federal flag was used , but I can't
supress the flag reported by Crampton because I don't have proven information about the years 1849-1854
Jaume Olle', 11 November 2000


1854 Flags


by Jaume Olle'

National Flag - Adopted: 21 April 1854. Abolished: After some years. Readopted: c. 1857. Abolished temporary: c. 1869. Adopted again: c. 1873. Abolished 1889.
Jaume Olle'


by Jaume Olle'

Civil (Merchant) Ensign - Ratio 2:3. Adopted: 21 April 1854. Abolished: After some years.
Jaume Olle'

The 1854 flag was not readopted in 1857 as it was still in legal use . The constitution of 1858 under President Toma's Marti'nez readopts the B-W-B flag for Nicaragua.
Ralf Stelter , 7 November 2000

I believe that betwwen 1856 and 1857, the 1854 flag was de facto out of use. Martinez (1857-67) , in general, maintained the old style. I believe that B-W-B flag was readopted by president Guzman, a liberal, c. 1969
Jaume Olle', 11 November 2000


1856 - Walker Flag


by Jaume Olle'

Ratio 2:3 Adopted: c. July 1856. Abolished: May 1857. The flag was used by a government which was in strugle against the legal one. The President was the american W. Walker
Jaume Olle'

The Walker flag is correct but the dates given are in question. But it was not a national flag, as even Mr. Walker used the Blue-White-Blue flag as national flag! He even used a Coat of Arms similar to the later arms. Political reasons!
Ralf Stelter , 7 November 2000

I agree. In fact in this era, the B-W-B flag wasn't not national flag at all, but only a flag of one of the parties in the civil war
Jaume Olle', 11 November 2000

I just saw a bit bizarre movie named "Walker". It was supposed to tell the story of William Walker who invaded Nicaragua in 1855 with small group of soldiers, took the capital Grenada and appoint himself president in 1856.   The film was made in 1987 and was more then an hint to Ronald Reagan policy in central America. In some scenes you can see a Mercedes going by and the 1855 soldiers drink Coca Cola and smoke Marlboro. There is even an Helicopter coming to rescue in a Saigon evacuation style.
Nevertheless, Walker troops had a flag. a 1:4:1 red-white-red horizontal triband, charged with 7 red stars bordered gold in semicircle around a device (volcano?) and unreadable inscription on the bottom red stripe. I checked the net, and the story in the film was not following the historical facts and the film-makers took a lot of liberty in their script.  I may expect that film-makers who send American troops in Mi-8 Helicopter, won't be to keen to find out what flag was really used if any, and therefore I think that the flag is more "fiction" then reality.  
About the film see <www.imdb.com>.
About W. Walker see <www.costarica-net-guide.com> and <www.geocities.com/blackntan43/walker.william.html>.
Dov Gutterman, 18 April 2005

According to <www.geocities.com/blackntan43/walker.william.html>, William Walker previously was active in Mexico and "The flag of the Republic of Sonora was raised on the corner of Kearny and Sacramento streets". This is the Republic of Lower California (1853-1854)/ Republic of Sonora (1854) Flag.
António Martins-Tuválkin, 18 April 2005


1869 Flag


by Jaume Olle'

Ratio 2:3. Adopted: c. 1869 Abolished: c. 1873.
Jaume Olle'


1889 Flag (?)


by Jaume Olle'

Ratio 2:3. Adopted: 1889 . Abolished: oficially it wasn't abolished at least until 1898.
Jaume Olle'

The flag of five stripes was shown first in Le Gras' album in 1858!! It was reproduced in several encyclopaedias around 1890! So the flag was used much earlier. But when it was shown in the 1858 album des pavillons it must have been in use even earlier! I assume that this flag was mistakenly shown for Nicaragua, but was a flag of Costa Rica, when this state intervened in the Walker affair in 1855.
Ralf Stelter , 7 November 2000

Is possible. But I read that under this flag there was an attempt to unity the liberal and conservative parties, dated in 1889.
Jaume Olle', 11 November 2000


1893 Flag


by Jaume Olle'

Ratio 2:3 . The flag of the Zelaya liberal revolt, in unoficial use since 1893. In 1896 a shield was adopted and added to the flag.
Jaume Olle'


1896 Flag (?)


by Jaume Olle'

Ratio 2:3 Adopted: 1896. Abolished: 1 November 1898. Readopted: 1899 Abolished: 4 September 1908, when the current national flag was adopted.
Jaume Olle'

The 1896 flag was not a Nicaraguan flag, as Nicaragua was part of the Republica Mayor de CA since 1895, and from 1 November 1898 part of the Estados Unidos de CA. This greater state existed until 30 November 1898, and the old B-W-B was readopted.
Ralf Stelter , 7 November 2000

I believe that B-W-B flags was imposed after the liberal revolution of 1893. Arms were adopted 1896 and included in the flag. RMC was created in 1895 but disolved after some months. The supra state of 1898 was short lived; flag of 1895 was hoisted 1-11-1898 but some days later, after a revolt in Salvador, the 1896 flag was in use. B-W-B flag was not officialized until 4-9-1908
Jaume Olle', 11 November 2000


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