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Polish military flags

Last modified: 2001-02-16 by
Keywords: poland | army | virtuti militari | military flags |
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Flag of the Army

[Flag of the Army]  by Adam Kroger, 4 Sept 2000, from his site.

This flag is entitled: FLAGA WOJSK LADOWYCH . See also: Flag of the NavyAir Force and Air Defence Flag,
Jarig Bakker, 4 Sept 2000.

This flag is shown in The World Encyclopedia Of Flags (Znamierowski, p. 83). The insignia is actually a representation of the  cap badge. TWEOF shows similar flags for the Polish Navy and Airforce, both red with a representation of the appropriate cap bage. According to TWEOF, all three were adopted in 1993.
Tom Gregg, 23 Apr 2000

Does anyone know how these are used?  They don't look like they'd be flown over military installations (and we know Polish AF bases have the airfields flag), and the one for the Navy certainly is neither the ensign nor the jack.  So are they parade flags of some kind?
Joe McMillan, 23 Apr 2000

The Armed Forces of the Republic of Poland (Siły Zbrojne Rzeczypospoliej Polskiej) consist of three Forces:
- The Land Army (Wojska Lądowe)
- The Air Forces and Air Defence (Wojska Lotnicze i Obrony Powietrznej)
- The Navy (Marynarka Wojenna)
All these Forces have flags,established by Sejm 19 February 1993. These flags  (pl^army, pl~navy and pl^air)  are neither ensigns nor jacks. They are flown over military units:
- On the holiday of each Force.
- The holiday of Land Army is 12 September - anniversary of King John III Sobieski's victory over Kara Mustafa's Ottoman Turks at Vienna (1683).
I have seen Army Flag flown 12 September 2000, over Stefan Czarnecki Military Academy in Poznań.
Grzegorz Skrukwa, 16 Sept 2000

Polish People's Army

[Polish People's Army]
by Zeljko Heimer

James Dignan gets this flag from a stamp marked XXXV-Lecie (35th anniversary) Ludowego Wojska Polskiego. [Ludowe Wojsko Polskie = Polish People's Army i.e. the old communist regime's armed forces].

This pattern is in general use for Polish military units; it would have the name of the unit, and even battles in which it had fought. The pattern is reminiscent of the shape of the medal of the Virtuti Militari order, the highest Polish order for valour, which has (I think) been re-established since the fall of the communist regime. The Virtuti Militari is the same shape as the white parts of the flag together with the ring containing the eagle (Polish national emblem) in the centre.
Robert Czernkowski

AFAIK this flag never existed. It's probably standard design for Polish military units extended by artist who prepared postal stamp. Ludowe Wojsko Polskie was not military units of communist regime but normal military units. Difference between 2nd Polish Army Corps which fought in Italy and LWP units were insignificant. A lot of people imprisoned by Soviets wanted to fight against Nazi, but they were released too late to join General Anders' army. They only could join LWP units and fight on Eastern Front.
Peter 'Mikolaj' Mikolajski, 18 Sept 2000

2nd Polish Army Corps flag

[2nd Polish Army Corps flag] by Peter 'Mikolaj' Mikolajski, 18 Sept 2000

This design is not correct but was used by units which fought on Eastern Front and is reverted version of normal design.
Peter 'Mikolaj' Mikolajski, 18 Sept 2000

Polish Army Corps flag

[Polish Army Corps flag] by Peter 'Mikolaj' Mikolajski, 18 Sept 2000

This shows the normal design. Almost always flags had golden laurel or oak crown around eagle. In units which fought on the Western Front almost always was sentence: "Honor i Ojczyzna" [Honour and Fatherland].
Peter 'Mikolaj' Mikolajski, 18 Sept 2000

Flag of a Marshal of Poland

[Flag of a Marshal of Poland] by Adam Kromer, from his website.

Banner of a Marshal of Poland

[Flag of a Marshal of Poland] by Thanh-Tâm Lę, 5 Jan 1999, after image from this site, reported by Dov Gutterman

Flag of Chief of General Staff of Polish Army

[Flag of Chief of General Staff of Polish Army] by Adam Kromer, from his website.

General Chief of Staff

[General Chief of Staff] by Thanh-Tâm Lę, 7 Jan 1999, after image from this site, reported by Dov Gutterman.

General's Flag

[General's Flag] by Adam Kromer, from his website.

General's Flag (uncrowned eagle)

[General's Flag (uncrowned eagle)] by Adam Kromer, from his website.

Minister of National Defense

[Minister of National Defense] by Joseph McMillan, 6 Oct 1999, after image from this site, reported by Dov Gutterman.

Minister of National Defense:  National ensign in 5:6 proportions with badge in lower center consisting of a white foul anchor and a yellow cannon in saltire.
Joseph McMillan, 6 Oct 1999

In Monitor Polski Nr 14 page 257, that personal flag is drawn in 5 : 8 proportions
Armand Noel du Payrat, 11 Oct 1999

Flag of Department of Defence

[Flag of Department of Defence] by Adam Kromer, from his website.

Military color of the Communist era

I just saw Jaruzelski in the TV. He announced the state of emergency (early 1980s) in Poland. Next to Jaruzelski was a flag, which I assume was the presidential flag of the time:
Divided per saltire, red top and bottom, white on the sides. In the centre a red disc with a golden wreath around the white eagle. I think the flag had a fringe.
Ole Andersen, 8 Nov. 1999

This is a description of a Polish military color of the Communist period. The color now is white with a red cross patty throughout, with a red disk at the center encircled by a golden laurel wreath. On the obverse, the disk is charged with the crowned eagle from the COA; on the reverse the disk is inscribed with the motto "BOG HONOR OJCZYZNA" (God, honor, duty) and the arms of the cross are inscribed with battle honors.  The number of the unit is inscribed in each corner inside a wreath.
Joseph McMillan, 8 Nov 1999