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And-Jëf / PADS (Senegal)
Parti Africain pour la Démocratie et le Socialisme - African Party for Democracy and Socialism
Last modified: 2010-02-19 by
Keywords: senegal |
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image by Ivan Sache, 17 January 2010
And-Jëf / PADS (Parti Africain pour la D émocratie et le Socialisme - African Party for Democracy and Socialism) was founded on 14 December 1991 as the merger of four leftist organizations:
"And jëf" means "Act Together" in Wolof. Based at Dakar and chaired by Landing Savané, the party won four seats in the National Assembly in 1998 but could keep only two seats in 2001. Savané competed in the presidential election in 1988 (0.25% of the votes), 1993 (2.9%) and 2007 (supported by a leftist coalition, 2.1%). Vice- president of the National Assembly from July 1998 to March 2000, Savané was appointed Minister of Mines, Crafts and Industry in April 2000, and, subsequently, Minister of State under the President (May 2005-February 2007, March 2008-May 2009).
- And-Jëf / MRDN (Mouvement Révolutionnaire pour la Démocratie Nouvelle - Revolutionary Movement for New Democracy), a Maoist movement founded on 28 December 1974 by Landing Savané during the clandestine congress of the forbidden organization Reenu-Rew (in Wolof, The Roots of the Nation), eventually legalized in July 1981
- UDP (Union pour la Démocratie Populaire - Union for People's Democracy), a party founded in 1981 by Hamedine Racine Guissé, sometimes considered as pro-Albanian
- OST (Organisation Socialiste des Travailleurs - Workers' Socialist Organization), a Trotskyst movement founded in 1973 in France by Ndongo and Babacar Doudou, as GOR (Groupement des Ouvriers Révolutionnaires - Revolutionary Workers' Group), eventually legalized in 1982
- Cercle des Lecteurs de Suxxuba (Suxxuba Readers' Circle), a pan-African movement founded by Malick Ndiaye.
http://andjefpads.centerblog.net/1-HISTORIQUE-DE-AND-JEF--PADS - And-Jëf / PADS blog
The flag of And-Jëf / PADS is described in the party's statutes, adopted in Dakar on 15 February 1998 during the second congress of the party, as follows:
"Article 4. The emblem of And-Jëf / PADS is made as follows: "A golden flag charged with a black circle inscribing the map of Africa on a red background in its lower half a black star symbolizing Senegal." [...]"
http://andjefpads.centerblog.net/3-STATUTS - And-Jëf / PADS blog
The description of the emblem is quite ambiguous. The website of the party shows the emblem as a disk outlined in black, divided red-yellow by the descending diagonal, with a map of Africa counter-coloured and the black star on the diagonal.
Ivan Sache, 17 January 2010