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President of Senegal

Last modified: 2006-12-30 by
Keywords: senegal | president |
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Presidents

[Presidential flag of Senegal] 3:4~  image by Željko Heimer

[Presidential flag of Senegal] 3:4~ ? image by Željko Heimer

The flag of the president of the Republic of Senegal was of equal design as the national flag with initials of the president in black added around the star. The flag was of somewhat shorter ratio (Smith in [smi80] designates it as 3:4~). The presidents of Senegal are listed from Rulers site:

6 Sep 1960 - 31 Dec 1980 : Léopold Sédar Senghor (born 1906)
1 Jan 1981 - 1 Apr 2000 : Abdou Diouf (born 1935)
1 Apr 2000 - : Abdoulaye Wade (born 1926)

The image of the Sengor's flag is shown in [smi75] and [smi80]. That of Diouf and a hypothetical flag of Wade are documented in L'Album [pay], and also reported by Jaume Ollé, but without the images. Diouf's flag is reconstructed here. (As confirmed later, president Wade does not use a flag with his initials.)

Željko Heimer, 8 November 2000


Current presidential flag

I was just warned that the actual President Wade decided NOT to put his initials on the flag. This (the AW-flag) will not appear in oncoming Album 2000.  The new presidential standard is similar to the national flag

Armand du Payrat, 8 November 2000


Léopold Sédar Senghor

L. Senghor was born from the ethnic group Séréré in Joal in 1906. He did all of his studies in France and was the first African to success in the grammar "agregation"* (one of the highest diplomas in French University). In 1934, he founded with Aimé Césaire (from Martinique) and Léon Damas (from French Guyana) the review "L'Etudiant noir" (The black Student), in which the concept of "négritude" was exposed for the first time. In 1945, Senghor was elected deputy of Senegal at the Constituant Assembly and published his first anthology of poems "Chants d'ombre" (Shadow songs). He rapidly left the Socialist Party and organized African autonomous movements. He was appointed State Secretary at the Council Presidency (1955-56) and
Minister under General de Gaulle (1959). After the breakdown of the Mali Federation, he became the first president of Senegal in 1960 (until 1981).  

Senghor did not stop his writing activity and released several anthologies of poems. He is the first African to have been admitted to the French Academy (1984).]

* When he joined the Army, he was asked by a moronic sergeant : "Toi y en a être quoi ?" (something like "What da ya you being what?", an infamous "traditional" way of joking about the way Africans are supposed to speak French), and naturally answered: "Moi y en a être agrege de grammaire francaise" ("Me I to be 'agrege de grammaire francaise' ") I learned this story from a Guadeloupean fellow (M.Sc. in economical sciences) during my stay in the Army in 1987, who had had the same kind of "discussion" with a sergeant.

Ivan Sache, 30 November 2000

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