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Quasi-independent and semi-autonomous regions in Somalia

Last modified: 2011-05-06 by
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As a result of many years of civil war and the emergence of a number of armed rival "clans" seeking to establish hegemony, Somalia is considered a "failed" state as currently no central governing authority has exclusive control over the entire country.  The Transitional Federal Government (TFG) is the recognised central government authority but its control is weak and a number of areas and local authorities within Somalia have declared themselves "independent" of the TFG or aligned themselves with its opponents and do not recognise it as the legitimate governing authority. 


The Transitional Federal Government has nominal control in the centre of the country and has the support of the Islamic Courts Union (ICU) and Al-Shabaab.  In the north and north-west five quasi-independent areas have formed since the 1990s, namely:






South-Western Somalia has declared itself autonomous in the southern part of the country.


Some of these areas, like Somaliland, have declared themselves fully independent republic and established rival governing and administrative structures while others such as Puntland do not recognise the authority of the TFG and have declared themselves "autonomous".  Some of these quasi-independent and semi-autonomous regions in Somalia have also adopted distinctive symbols, including flags, while others continue to use the Somali flag. 
Bruce Berry, 26 Oct 2008


image by Eugene Ipavec, 19 Sep, 2010


It is not clear if Awdal is another self-proclaimed state or semi-autonomous region. The proposed flag of Awdal (see above) can be seen on many websites and variant can be seen in a photo on (see below), which probably means it has been adopted.


image by Eugene Ipavec, 19 Sep, 2010

Valentin Poposki, 16 Sep 2010



The following link shows an image named  the"Darwishland flag". It looks like a Somali flag with a horse head and the words "Darwishland of Somalia" added. The image does not give the proof that Darwiishland /Northland state of Somalia actually uses this as a flag but I think it was worth being reported.
Olivier Touzeau, 02 Aug 2008

Federated Hinterland State


image sent by Cai Zhenyuan and resized by Eugene Ipavec, 06 Dec 2010


State Flag of the Federated Hinterland State is shown at and is described as follows:

The State Flag shall have a rectangular shape with three equal horizontal stripes.  Green indicates the fertile nature of the territory and is the bottom stripe; Red indicates the bloodshed and is the top stripe. The Black stripe indicates that Federated Hinterland is African State within the Somali Federal Republic.  In the fly of the red stripe is a large white five pointed star surrounded below and on the 'east" and "west" sides by three smaller white five pointed stars.

Cai Zhenyuan, 05 Dec 2010


A map of the area showing an image of the flag has been posted to
Rob Raeside, 06 Dec 2010


A horizontally divided green-light blue-red flag with five white stars in line on the blue stripe is shown at\ews.htm as the flag of Gedoland - an autonomous area within Somalia.
Olivier Touzeau, 02 Aug 2008


Hiiraan State


image by Cai Zhenyuan, 13 Mar 2011


It was reported by HOL that on 13 July 2010 a preliminary conference was organized and sponsored by the Hawadle Clan of Hiiraan to formally pave the way for reconciliation and to establish a local administration in the Hiiraan region of Somalia was held in the conference hall of Andolus Hotel in Eastleigh, Nairobi.  A flag for Hiiraan, as shown, above was displayed at the conference.
Cai Zhenyuan, 13 Mar 2011



An image of the flag of  Maayland / Southern Somali Union is shown at  This flag has already been reported as the flag of South-West Somalia.

Olivier Touzeau, 02 Aug 2008


Somali Central State


image by Valentin Poposki, 15 Sep 2010


Another "state" flag from chaotic Somalia is that of Somali Central State. Images can be seen at\oboleedka-bartamaha-soomaaliya/ and at
Valentin Poposki, 15 Sep 2010


I think the 'Somali Central State' is just a proposal by an exile group in the United Kingdom. You can see this at the last line at the bottom of the first link "Maxamed Xaashi Cabdi Leicester,
UK".  There are also Youtube video links of a meeting in the UK showing people discussing this development.

The cities they claim, Caabudwaaq (Abudwak), Dusa Mareb, Gelinsoor, etc. are deep in the Mudug and Galguduud regions near the Ethoipan border.  I don't think the 'SCS' has any control over these areas. Ahlu Sunna Waljama'a, a Sufi militia, now controls much of the Galgaduud Region after defeating Al Shabaab in a number of battles in early 2009.
Ben Cahoon, 16 Sep 2010


Valentin Poposki reported on the flag of Somali Central State in September 2010, but there were some doubts about its existence.

I have now found pictorial evidence of this flag.  Local online news reported a meeting in Nairobi and Sawiro held on 16 October  2010.  Maybe this is the date of the formal establishment of the newly formed Somali Central State? 

As it can be expected in case of an African entity, there are many variations of this flag.  There are wider and narrower crescents being used, and variants with and without inscriptions. Some images show white letters, the others have black letters.  But the motifs are the same (light blue field, white crescent and star).

I have no information on existence of this state but it is mentioned in a number of online news articles.
Zoltan Horvath, 16 Jan 2011


Sool, Sanaag and Cayn regions


image sent by Cai Zhenyuan, 13 Mar 2011


Sool, Sanaag and Cayn (SSC) of Somalia are three regions claimed by both the Somaliland and Puntland administrations and hope to "liberate" from the government of Somalia (as reported by
Cai Zhenyuan, 13 Mar 2011



The flag of Tanadland is reported to be 8 horizontal stripes, alternatively orange and blue, with the Japanese naval ensign design in the canton and is shown at and
It is not clear whether this is a de facto entity in Somalia.

Olivier Touzeau, 02 Aug 2008


Ximan and Xeeb (Himan and Heeb) Administration

image sent by Cai Zhenyuan, 14 Mar 2011 reports that the Himan and Heeb Administration was formed by the Elders and Elite of the Reer Haji Suleiman (Saleban) sub-clan of the Haber Gidr Hawiya Clan in 2008 at a ceremony held in the Administration capitol, Adado.   Adado is located along the main tarmac road that connects northern Somalia with the south. The Administration covers approx 5,000 square miles and is bordered by Godin Labe Village in the South, Amaaro village (Harardhere district) in the South East, and Hobyo in the North East and Been-Dhaarte of Galmudug administration in the North and West.

Himan and Heeb is a local provisional government in the southern and central regions of Somalia which uses the flag shown above.
Cai Zhenyuan, 14 Mar 2011