Last modified: 2023-07-03 by
Keywords: united states shipping lines |
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Some useful sources of information on US houseflags are:
Other printed sources include extensive reliance on the shipping line advertisements, china, stationery, playing cards, etc., depicted on various internet sites, especially www.steamship.net (no longer available) and www.cabinclass.com. For nineteenth-century flags, I used a number of contemporary pictures reprinted in A. B. C. Whipple, The Clipper Ships (Alexandria, Va: Time-Life Books, 1980), particularly a chart that appears to be circa 1855 entitled "Private Signals of the Merchants of New York," which I cite throughout as PSMNY. In addition, the archives section of the site of the Peabody-Essex Museum in Salem, Massachusetts, www.pem.org, has a large number of paintings, many of which are also in The Clipper Ships.
For the background history on the various firms, companies, and lines, my main sources have been:
For contemporary companies, I've checked when possible against the websites of the company's themselves.
Joe McMillan, 19 August 2001
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