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Valencia (Carabobo, Venezuela)

Municipio Valencia

Last modified: 2004-08-07 by
Keywords: carabobo | valencia |
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by Guillermo T. Aveledo, 22 October 2003

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Flag of Valencia is available at <>.
Dov Gutterman, 2 April 2003

Valencia is one of the most important industrial cities of my country: it's located on the Center North of Venezuela and is the Capital of Carabobo State.
Raul Jesus Orta Pardo, 2 April 2003

I can't distinguish the objects on the crimson vertical fringe of the flag's fly on <>, so those are missing from my above image.
Guillermo T. Aveledo, 19 April 2002

The Flag - Attributes and Semiology: Consists of a field with approximated ratio 2:3; this is, square and half of length vertically divided in three stripes: a yellow one on the center occupying 2/4 parts of the field and two reds, one to the hoist and the other to the fly occupying the rest 2/4 parts. Completes the design the Municipality Coat of Arms on the center an two escutcheons French shaped at the cantón on the hoist red stripe: one with the image of Our Lady of Socorro (Succour) and another one with a colonial facade slightly descended with respect to the previous one. Even though it seems to be inspired on the Flag of Spain, the official description determines that the yellow stripe remembers the radiating light of the sun which appeared when concluding the Battle of Carabobo on June 24th, 1821, illuminating the definitive independence of the Venezuelan Mother country. The red stripes symbolizes the heroic blood spilled by the Valencians patriots during the sites which underwent Valencia on March and Juy of 1814. The Coat of Arms reaffirms the municipal identity. The image of Our Lady of Socorro raises this Marian invocation as secular Matron of the people, the city and the Arquidiocese of Valencia alluding to its religious spirit. The colonial facade represents the so called "Casa de la Estrella" (the Star's House): historical place where was signed the first National Constitution of the Republic of Venezuela and its separation of  Great Colombia.
Historical Synthesis: It was created by Professor Pedro Gramcko.
Coat of Arms - Attributes: Consist in an Hispanic shape divided per fess. The Quarter of the Chief enameled in Azure (blue) reproduces the scene of the Announcement with the Holiest Virgin postroad to the sinister and the Archangel Saint Gabriel to her dexter, both in their colors. The Quarter of the Base enameled in Argent (white) reproduces the image of Saint John the Baptist terraced in its colors. As external ornaments the blazon shows a extended and bicephalous eagle in Sable (black), with delineated pens in Gules (red) and crowned put behind to the field holding with its claws two Jonic columns in Or (yellow) and Argent (white) laced with pennants of Gules (red) that loads as mottoes the Latin inscriptions "PLUS" (More) to the dexter "ULTRA" (There) to the sinister, all rounded by the Great Cord of the Orden Toisón de Oro (Order of Golden Fleece).
Semiology: Its configuration exposes that probable and unofficially these Arms derives from the Imperial ones of Charles I of Spain and V of Germany. The First Quarter emphasizes the invocation of Our Lady who was dedicated to Valencia from its foundation which is commemorated on March 25th, the Announcement Day. The Second Quarter reminds the town of Borburata at which arrived the first settlers of Valencia and whose Patron, Saint John the Baptist, have been and continuous being venerated by the Venezuelan coast's inhabitants; in addition, the image of this Saint has been present since remote times on the Coat of Arms of the city, according to testify acts of the Municipal Councill and old inhabitants of the place. The eagle under this configuration remembers the House of Austria (Hapsburg) that reigned on Spain between 1517 (Charles I of Spain and V of Germany) and 1665 (Charles II of Spain) soon to be happened by House of Borbón, ruling at the moment. The crown alludes to the kingdom of Spain. The columns reminds the so called "Pilares de Hercules" (Hercules Pillars) on the Strait of Gibraltar, place where concluded the world according to belief of the old Romans. The original motto was "NON PLUS ULTRA" (Not more there') until Charles I of Spain commanded to omit the word "NON" in order to indicate that his kingdom extended beyond the "Pillars". The Great Cord of the Golden Fleece, Order established by Spaniard king Felipe "El Bueno" (Phillipe, called "the Good") seems to evoke the classic legend of the Golden Fleece: legendary lamb whose wool was golden and to which were attributed extraordinary powers that arrived at hands of Jason, captain of the Argos and its Argonauts: although its presence in this Coat of Arms is discussed because is granted exclusively by the Spanish monarch, it can be considered legitimate because embellishing the Valencian Arms since its first well-known representation. Doesn't fit doubt about the ancient Hispanic root of Valencia which reveal the ornaments of this blazon.
Historical Synthesis: Its first well-known illustration dates since 1804 although doesn't know its origin. It happened through a period of latency until was rescued by Sr. Oswaldo Feo Caballero and Dr. Julio Centeno, Jr., being based on acts of the Municipal Council of Valencia; the historical contributions of Mr. Sr. Rafael Saturno Guerra, First Official Chronicler of Valencia and Don Enrique Bernardo Núñez, First Official Chronicler of Caracas and the artistic contribution of Professor Pedro Gramcko.
Sources:  Bulletin elaborated by Dr Guillermo Mujica Sevilla, Municipal Chronicler, emitted by the Council of Valencia Municipality and provided by Prof. Julio César Centeno Rodriguez, Chronicler of San Diego Municipality, November 2001.
Raul Jesus Orta Pardo, 22 October 2003

Charles II (and the Spanish Hapsburg branch with him) reigned until 1700. Philip the Good was not a Spanish king - his descendant Philip the Handsome was (but did not establish the Order, only introduced it in Spain). It was not exclusively since the Austrian Hapsburgs continue(d) to do so.
Santiago Dotor, 6 November 2003

The Device

by Guillermo T. Aveledo, 22 October 2003

The Banner

by Guillermo T. Aveledo, 19 April 2002

This is an image which I did after visiting Valencia in Christmas several years ago, with my notes of Valencian banners that the mayor office had placed, hoistings it in each post of light of the most centric avenues of the city.
Guillermo T. Aveledo, 19 April 2002

Coat of Arms

by Guillermo T. Aveledo, 19 April 2002

Based on <>.
Guillermo T. Aveledo, 19 April 2002