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Socialist Yugoslavia: Naval flags (1949-1956)

Part 1

Last modified: 2004-04-24 by
Keywords: star (red) | president | naval ensign | masthead pennant | people's defense ensign | honour naval ensign |
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Overview

The naval ensign and a whole set of naval flags were established in 1949 by the law on the naval flags of FPRY (Zakon o vojno-pomorskim zastavama FNRJ, 6 June 1949, published in Sluæbeni list FNRJ 50/49, 11 June1949.

Those flags closely followed the Soviet model of the time. However, except for the naval ensign, those were soon (1956) replaced with the more traditional Yugoslav model, based on the royal navy flags used before the Second World War.

Zeljko Heimer, 15 October 2003


Naval ensign

[Naval flag]by Zeljko Heimer

The naval ensign is a red flag with the national tricolour flag in the canton fimbriated with a white line. In the middle of the tricolour flag is set a yellow-bordered red five-pointed star within a yellow-golden wreath.

Source: Symbol und Wirtschaft [suw50i]

Zeljko Heimer, 15 October 2003


Honour naval ensign

[Honour naval ensign]by Zeljko Heimer

The honour naval ensign was a special ensign intended to be granted to a warship, as a tribute of her valour (in combat, I guess). The national tricolour flag in the canton was charged with the coat of arms of Yugoslavia. The artistic style of the coat of arms seems tobe the one used at the end of the Second World. The new artistic style of the coat of arms was introduced at about the same time. The only available image of this ensign is from Symbol und Wirtschaft [suw50i], which shows the pre-1946 style coat of arms, maybe a "simplification" made by the editors of the book, since the new coat of arms might have already came into use.

Source: Symbol und Wirtschaft [suw50i]

Zeljko Heimer, 15 October 2003


Masthead pennant

[Masteahd pennant]by Zeljko Heimer

The masthead pennant was ared long triangular pennant with the tricolour tassel at the fly and at the hoist the national tricolour flag with the star within a wreath as in the naval ensign. Symbol und Wirtschaft [suw50i] shows the pennant to be triangular while the 1956 version was rectangular until the half length and then ending triangulary. Weather that is a slight imprecision of the source or the 1949 pennant was indeed different from the latter version is not clear.

Zeljko Heimer, 15 October 2003


People's Defense ensign

[People's Defense Ensign]by Zeljko Heimer

The ships and boats belogning to the People's Defense used a red flag with a triangular hoist made of the Yugoslav tricolour flag with a five-pointed red star in the white stripe. In practice this ensign was used mostly by the ships of the border guard, and was soon to be renamed appropriately. The ensign was named in the legislation Zastava brodova narodne obrane FNRJ, in 1956 the text talks about Zastava brodova graniznih jedinica without substantial change in the design.

Source: Pomorska enciklopedija VII: Zastava, Jugoslavenski leksikografski zavod, Zagreb, 1964.

Zeljko Heimer, 15 October 2003


President of the Republic

[President of the Republic]by Zeljko Heimer

The flag for the President of the Republic as the supreme commander, named in the texts Zastava vrhovnog komandanta, was the naval ensign with a border of alternate red and yellow triangles ("wolf teeth") and in each corner a yellow square containing a red five-pointed stars. It was replaced in 1956 by a more traditional design.

Source: Pomorska enciklopedija VII: Zastava, Jugoslavenski leksikografski zavod, Zagreb, 1964.

Zeljko Heimer, 15 October 2003

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